A Career in Medical Research

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Woman: When I finished school I went to university, Melbourne University, and studied science, a bachelor of science . I then did my honours degree and after that I worked in a heart disease research institute.
Man: In Melbourne?
Woman: In Melbourne. It is called the Baker Heart Research Institute. So I worked for a year, a bit over a year on cholesterol and the metabolism of cholesterol in the body.
Man: How the body breaks it down?
Woman: How it is actually transported. So I was looking at a protein, that determines how the cholesterol in the blood is modified and delivered to cells and how it is returned back to the liver..
Man: Right.
Woman: …to be broken down into bile. So we were working on that and then I wanted to have a break so I went traveling and I traveled through western Europe and ended up in London and I worked at the Guildford Surrey County Hospital in an immunology lab and that was more diagnostic work. It was quite interesting. And after that I moved to Finland. Helsinki.
Man: Wow!
Woman: And I did my PhD there.
Man: In Helsinki? In English?
Woman: In English. Every student who is doing their PhD; they have to write their PhD in English.
Man: Right.
Woman: And the seminars are given in English.
Man: So you were in Helsinki for like five years.
Woman: Five years.
Man: Do you speak Finnish?
Woman: Not very well. I can understand a bit, but it is quite a difficult language and because English was my mother tongue they wanted to practise their English.
Man: Right.
Woman: And preferred to speak English with me. But yeah I did take lessons and try and learn it…and that was all… So the PhD was all metabolism and transport.
Man: Right.
Woman: And after that I decided to move back to Melbourne so I took the trans-Siberian train.
Man: Wow!
Woman: And went that direction into Beijing.
Man: Into China, yeah.
Woman: Yeah. Then got back to Melbourne and I started my post-doctoral research which was in a different field.  It is blood diseases like leukemia and I was researching stem cells in the bone marrow and a signaling pathway…
Man: Stem cell research; that is illegal in some places, isn’t it?
Woman: It is. This is adult stem cells. Not embryonic.
Man: Right.
Woman: So we all have stem cells in our bone marrow and they are constantly re-populating the marrow and providing us with our whole immune system.
Man: Right.
Woman: But they are normally dormant or “quiescent” as we call it. And they only go into division when they need to produce certain cells. So I was trying to figure out or understand what controls; like what signals they get to move them from quiescence to an active state
Man: Right.
Woman: So that was three years and that was in Melbourne. So I just published the work from that and decided to travel…

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38 Responses to “A Career in Medical Research”

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  1. katherina says:

    Hi! regarding this lesson 5 I can say that I really enjoyed a lot with the “medical research topic” because I am Veterinary and in some way I felt identified with the woman of the recording.
    I have just one question, which is the diference between break down and break up, because in the dictionary the meaning is almost the same…
    Thank you.
    And the last thing, is this the last lesson from you?

    katherina

  2. vaishali says:

    thank you very much. it is very helpful to speak english.

  3. Tina says:

    in regard of lesson 5 i get a lot of information. i didn’t know about stem cell because i’m an arts student not science but now i know what is stem cell.thanks for sending me such a informative lesson.

  4. duma says:

    Hi, Teachers’,

    You are all very kind for sending me the lesson 5, it is very good material and very usefull for me to my efforts learning english. I still hope you send me more materials.Thank you a lot.

  5. Sinan says:

    Thank you for interest my teacher, the lesson 5 is helping me to improve my self in speaking.

    I hope to recieve more lesson.

    Best Regards

  6. exequiel says:

    thank you very much that you are sending more english conversation.for me it easy to travel any were if you can understand speak a international language.eglish is a mother of all language right.so that why im very interested for these lesson.good luck and good bless those who are learning english conversation.im from philippines.

  7. Dinar says:

    Thank you for all lesson and I have already knew much about english.

  8. Lylliana says:

    Thank you very much.

  9. doucet says:

    Listening to such real conversations is really helpful. These kinds of interviews with a noisy background give a very good idea of what it sounds like to be immersed in an English speaking country.
    Thank you!

  10. Rustem Seven says:

    Thank you very much. It was very useful to listen to a real canversation in medical field which I’m interested in teaching of it.

  11. lubor says:

    excellent vocational English for teachers who teach medical student

  12. behnam says:

    Hi,thanks a lot , it was very useful .

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