Almanac – 15 August 2010 – Sunday

Read the text first then listen to the audio at the bottom of the page.

Good Morning!

It is the fifteenth of August 2010. It is Sunday.

THE WEATHER (from Mt Tamborine)

It is fine.
The sky is clear.
It is not windy.
It is clear and completely still.
It is cold.
It is very cold.
It is the end of winter here.

Look at these opposites:

It is the end of winter here.
It is the beginning of winter here.

Look at this scale:

It is warm
It is a bit cool
It is cool
It is cold
It is very cold
It is extremely cold
It is freezing

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Now I want you to tell me about the weather where you are. What is the weather like where you are? Answer this question. Say your answer aloud.

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What is the weather like today?

Now write an answer. What is the weather like today in your area? (Post the answer below in the “comments” section)

THE NEWS

Here is a current news headline:

Russia to start loading reactor

In “news headline English” we use an infinitive to show future tense so

“to start loading”

becomes

“will start loading”

Russia is helping Iran to build a nuclear reactor in the port city of Bushehr. The fuel will arrive on August 21 and the reactor will be operational in September.

Look at these phrases:

nuclear reactor
nuclear power station
nuclear facility

They are often used interchangeably. There are different types of nuclear fuel:

plutonium
uranium

Look at these common phrases:

a port city
the capital city
the largest city
a regional city

Do you think Iran will build nuclear weapons? Answer the question orally now. What do you think?

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Do you think Iran will build nuclear weapons?

Now write an answer below in the “comments” section.

Here is another example of an infinitive with “future” meaning in a news headline:

British linguist to live with Inuit.

That means:

A British linguist will live with the Inuit Eskimos in Greenland.

The Inuit are hunter gathers. They have no cash economy. Their entire culture is based on story-telling. Due to global warming and political pressure, the Inuit will probably be forced to move south within fifteen years.

These phrases are about the same:

within the next fifteen years
in the next fifteen years
over the next fifteen years

News and weather Summary

Now listen to a summary. If you do not understand everything you hear, go back and read the text again. Look up all the new words in the dictionary.

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.


Download audio file (nw150810.mp3)

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