Check your answers later at this link
What did you hear?
I moved to
I am moving to
the waning years
the waxing years
Do you wax your legs?
the punk era
the rock era
the nineties era
the sixties era
at that time
at this time
there were people living in inner city apartments
there are people living in inner city apartments
a brewery – breweries
What is a brewery?
Have you ever brewed your own beer?
The stewing vats
The brewing vats
And they had parties
and we have parties
skateboarding is coming along now
skateboarding was also coming on
at the time
at that time
It was a big thing then.
It is a big thing now.
How old are you now?
How old were you then?
Remember to write numbers as words when you do the IELTS test.
I was twenty-two then. About twenty-two. I was twenty-two.
I was twenty-three then. About twenty-three. I was twenty-three.
I was twenty-four then. About twenty-four. I was twenty-four.
Which one did you hear?
If the bankers get paid huge bonuses, how will the failed banks pay their debts?
Will the various national governments force those bankers to pay back their huge bonuses?
Or will they hide behind a tangled web of legal turmoil upheld by the rule of law?
Can lawyers save bankers?
Why does the metaphor of the web seem so meaningful?
And people were living in them
And people are living in them
Past Continuous Tense and Present Continuous Tense
a lot of people were living there
a lot of people are living there
Look at this scale:
It was in full swing.
It was in full flower.
Would you like to swing on a star?
(do you know that song?)
about an hour and a half north of San Francisco
about an hour and a half south of San Sebastion
a lot of people had houses up there
a large number of people had houses up there
a whole lot of people had houses up there
quite a lot of people had houses up there
walking down the street
walking up the street
a lot of people who are living
a lot of people who were living
a few people who are living
a few people who were living
Thank you very much.
And you could live cheaply.
And they could could live cheaply.
And I could live cheaply.
Can you live cheaply?
There were like a lot of houses …
There are like a lot of houses ..
if you were squatting
if you are squatting
if you were living in a big Victorian house.
if you are living in a big Victorian house
I was working at a restaurant then.
I am working at a restaurant now
I was going to art school then
I am going to art school now
Everything went downhill in the nineties.
Everything went downhill in the fifties.
What is happening?
…San Francisco is not a big city.
San Francisco is a very big city.
Gentrification – past perfect passive
Gentrification is the urban redevelopment of inner city neighborhoods for profit and to kick the poor out.
These areas became gentrified.
it was run down
they ran it down
it had become rundown
New businesses came in.
New businesses started up.
The hippies all moved out and it became very trendy to live there.
The hippies all moved in and it became very trendy to live there.
a lot of people who had made money in the computer industry
a lot of people who had made money in the advertising industry
a lot of people who had made money in the finance and banking industries
commute down to the south Bay.
commute up to San Francisco.
How far is that from San Francisco?
How far is that from Los Angeles?
It is about forty-five minutes
it is about thirty-five minutes
it is about twenty-five minutes
a lot of people would live there
a lot of people will live there
a lot of people can live there
a lot of people could live there
in the end
they demolished the breweries
they tore down the breweries
they destroyed the breweries
Is there a brewery in your city?
it became scarce
it became plentiful
And real estate prices started going up.
And real estate prices started going down.
a lot of small internet shops that opened up
a lot of small grocery stores that closed down
none of them were based in San Francisco
a lot of them were based in San Francisco
most of them were based in San Francisco
all of them were based in San Francisco
were highly paid
were well remunerated
The Metaphor of The Web
They were getting six hundred thousand dollars a year
They are getting six hundred thousand dollars a year.
There was a lot of resentment.
There is a lot of resentment
Doctors and lawyers who were making that kind of money
Doctors and lawyers who are making that kind of money
your whole life
your whole lifetime
And that lasted for about six or seven years
and that will last for about six or seven years
There was a housing shortage
There is a housing shortage
Is there a housing shortage in your city?
If there was an apartment to rent people would line up at 6am in the morning to be the first ones to get in.
If there was food for sale, people would line up at 6am in the morning to be the first one. to get it.
for one thousand dollars
for two thousand dollars
for three thousand dollars
and a lot of the musicians
and some of the musicians
when there is an economic boom… that happens.
when there is an economic collapse, that happens
The city is doing well.
the city is not doing well
the city is doing poorly
strict rent control
no rent control
Does your city have rent control and a rent control board?
In New York they abolished rent control
in New York they got rid of rent control
and landlords were able to charge what they felt like.
and landlords were able to charge whatever they wanted.
Where did people move to?
Where will people move to?
Check your answers here:
Have you seen the History and Geography Page?
World English Course
There are lots of things you can learn in the World English Course. There is a place where you can talk about work and there is also a place where you can find a job and a place where you can find staff. There is a place where you can have fun and there is a place where you can talk about food or family. There is also a place where you can talk about money or love or philosophy. You can study anything you want anytime you want. You can do it once a week or every day or any time you like. Have fun! Work hard! Tell your friends and family members! Enjoy!