Basic Anatomy

Do you study anatomy?
Are you a medical professional?
Some people need English for study or work in the medical field.
Here is a video on basic anatomy:


Hello. Welcome to the video.
This is just a real basic video on anatomy.

We will be looking at bone names, muscle names, type of joint, joint movement, egimous and anteginous, the role of the ligaments and the role of the tendons.

joint – joints
bone – bones
tendon – tendons
ligament – ligaments

The Skeleton

Alright. So here is a snapshot of the human skeleton.

What I would like you to do is, I would like you to pause the video where we are at now.
Study the names.
Take down any notes if you need to.
Once you have finished, carry on.

Once you have finished, carry on.
When you have finished, continue.


Same as before.
What I would like you to do, is I would like you to pause the video.
Study the muscle names as much as you can.
Take down any notes.

muscle – muscles

Once you are happy, carry on.

Once you are happy, carry on.
When you are satisfied with your notes, continue the video.


All Right. Looking at types of joints.

Today we are going to be focusing on two. Two types of joints.

we are going to focus
we are going to be focussing

The first one. We are looking at the elbow and the knee joint. Over here.

Over here, what you can see is a door hinge.

hinge- hinges
joint – joints
elbow – elbows
knee – knees

The reason why I have put this on here is really important because the elbow and the knee are both hinge joints.

Think about the elbow and the knee. They can only create two movements. You can only lift your arm up towards your shoulder and then lift it back down again. Same as a door. It can only open and close.

Your elbow and your knee are hinge joints, similar to the hinge on the door.

like the hinge on the door
similar to the hinge on the door

Ball and Socket Joints

Here we have the shoulder and the hip joint. We call these two joints ball and socket joints.

shoulder – shoulders
hip – hips

If we look here at your hip. Here we have the top of your femur.

This part here on the femur is the ball and if we look at the pelvis. This part here.

That is the socket, that the ball fits into. So it is a nice fairly moveable joint.

There is more than just the two movements.

I can rotate it. I can lift it.

So that joint is called a ball and socket joint.

Can you get the rest of the video?

The lecturer has a New Zealand accent. Have you been to New Zealand? Here is an interview with a New Zealander:

An interview with a New Zealander

Medical Professionals

Are you a doctor or a nurse?

Tell us about where you work in the comments section below.

Are you a medical researcher?

Tell us about your research in the comments section.

Are you interested in medical research?

Here is a conversation about medical research:

An Interview with a Medical Researcher