Vocabulary – Carnage

favs India - part II
at Gayatri

In his first speech as President of the United States, Donald Trump said:

“This American carnage stops right here and stops right now.”

Carnage is Destruction

The word “carnage” has a Latin root and it comes from the word “carne”, which means “meat” or “flesh”. We see the word “carne” in words like “carnivorous” which means “meat-eating” and carnivore” which means “meat-eater”. Are you a vegetarian?

Carnage means “bloody destruction”.

American Carnage

In Trump’s view, America has been destroyed by crime, gangs, poverty, lack of education and economic collapse. He uses the word “carnage” as a a metaphor for “destruction”, “decay”, “death” because he sees a nation in crisis.

The United States of America is a complex multi-cultural nation and it is the largest economy in the world and the most powerful military force.


How do people view the USA in your society? Is it a benevolent force or a malevolent force or is the answer more complex than that? Write your opinion in the comments section below.

Bourke Street Carnage

As the United States of America listened to the first speech of the 45th President, a criminal in Melbourne, Australia drove his car through a pedestrian shopping mall and killed and injured many people.

Here is the headline from an Australian newspaper:

Baby becomes fifth person to die from Bourke Street carnage

Read about it here: Melbourne Carnage

Is this type of crime common in your society? Tell us in the comments section below.

Vocabulary – Meat or Flesh?

English has two words for meat (carne). The word “meat” is usually used at the butcher, in the kitchen or at the dining room table. The word “flesh” is sometimes used to describe meat on the table:

When I eat chicken, I prefer the white flesh but some people prefer the bones.

but generally “flesh” is a higher level word than “meat”. It is more commonly used as a metaphor or figure of speech for example in the proverb:

The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak,

which means “I want to do something but I do not have the courage to physically act.”

Carne is Meat

We use the words “carne seca” to describe “dried meat” in the Brazilian dish: Feijoada. Listen to this conversation and learn to make feijoada: How to make feijoada

Reincarnation is Rebirth

Many people believe in reincarnation, which is the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body and it enters another body. You can read a story where this happens: The Lives of a Man

Do you believe in reincarnation? Tell us what you think in the comments section below.

Summary – Word Family

carne seca (a type of food)
carnage (a figurative noun)
reincarnation (noun)
reincarnate (verb)
carnivore noun)
carnivorous (adjective)

Carne seca is used in Feijoada