Be Aware – Lesson 4

This Be Aware lesson is based on the real conversation, Actually I was born in Hawaii.

Download the pdf for this lesson.

[audio:mormon2.mp3]
Download audio file (mormon2.mp3)
Note: Right click the link above and choose “save as” to download the audio file.

[adsense_id=”6″]

Section A – Grammar Explanations with Examples

Sometimes when you are listening to something in English, you can understand it but you cannot say it. You are not able to reproduce what you hear with correct grammar. It is important to be aware of grammar and the correct way to use words. It helps you to communicate more clearly. This saves time and prevents misunderstandings.

Words have many nuances and variations of meaning (shades of meaning). Language is very important. Understanding is everything.

Understanding is the basis of the solution to every problem. We can reach understanding by communicating clearly and by understanding other people. We can use language to help us do this.

Let’s look at some examples of the English language from a real conversation between an American and an Australian, both native speakers:

In this conversation I met a young Mormon from Hawaii. He was younger than me but he was called “Elder Tiave”. Does anybody think it is odd that a young man is called ‘elder’, which basically means ‘old’?

The term ‘elder’ is usually used in expressions like ‘the elders of the tribe’ or ‘my elder brother’. Look at this table:

elder brother = older brother
elder sister = older sister
younger brother
younger sister
elder son = older son
elder daughter = older daughter

‘Elder’ is simply an old form of ‘older’ or ‘old’. We sometimes call people ‘Old John’, but usually not to their face unless we are already old or are the same age as that person. How do you address people in your language? Tell us in the comment section at the bottom of this page.

Many people in the west will say it does not matter how old you are. Many native speakers of English will say it doesn’t matter how old you are. You are yourself. You are who you are. What do you think? Leave a comment below.

Many Asian languages use family member terms as forms of address, for example ‘Brother John’ or ‘Big Brother John’ or ‘Uncle John’ or even ‘Maternal Uncle John’ and ‘Little Brother John’, but in English we never say ‘Mister John’. In Thailand we say ‘Khun John’ and in Japan we say ‘John-san’, but in English ‘Mister John’ is not said. We use the term ‘mister’ with the last name or family name, for example ‘Mister Potter’ or ‘Mister Obama’.

Look at this set of titles:

Elder Tiave
Mister Tiave
Master Tiave
Miss Tiave
Mrs Tiave
Ms Tiave
Father Tiave (a Catholic priest)
Mother Tiave (a Catholic nun like Mother Teresa)
Sister Tiave (a Catholic nun)
Brother Tiave (a Catholic priest)

‘Elder Tiave’ is a normal form of address for Mormons, even for young men. I do not know why. Can anybody tell me? Does anybody know? Can anybody tell me, why do the Mormons call their young men ‘old’?

Can you please write and tell us if you do. Leave a comment below.

‘Mister Tiave’ is a common form of address. Note that ‘Mister’ is used with the family name.

‘Master’ is used with the first name (Christian name) or surname (family name). For example you could say:

Master Potter
Master Harry
Master Harry Potter
young Master Harry

‘Miss’ is the feminine equivalent of ‘master’, but it is also used for women who have become adults, until they are married. Nowadays it is usually replaced by the modern feminist innovation ‘Ms’.

We still hear it in nursery rhymes like:

Little Miss Muffet sat on a tuffet eating her curds and whey
Down came a spider and sat down beside her
and frightened Miss Muffet away.

Many western women prefer not to be called ‘Miss’. They prefer to be called ‘Ms’ (for example Ms Jones). You can tell if a woman is married by her title (‘Miss Jones’ or ‘Mrs. Jones’), but you cannot tell if a man is married by his title (‘Mr. Jones’). Many western women prefer their marital status to be as opaque as that of men.

Let’s look at the words ‘normal’ and ‘common’:

It is not a normal English name.
It is not a common English name.

The first one could be offensive to the listener. Western countries are not homogeneous. Countries like America and even most European countries now contain people from many different ethnic backgrounds, who come from many different cultures and speak many different languages.

If you say ‘Singh’ is not “a normal English name” or ‘Wang’ is not “a normal English” name or ‘Muhammad’ is not “a normal English name,” you might make that person feel excluded. You might make that person feel different and isolated and excluded. Look at these words:

very normal
perfectly normal
normal
quite normal
fairly normal
not normal
unusual
quite unusual
strange
very strange
weird

The scale shows how our idea of ‘normal’ can go from ‘very normal’ to ‘weird’, which usually has a negative connotation (That is a pity because originally ‘weird’ was a beautiful word, which meant something like ‘holy’, but nowadays people usually think ‘weird’ means ‘bad’, though not always).

Look at these words:

extremely common
very common
common
quite common
not uncommon
uncommon
not common
uncommon
a little uncommon
very uncommon
unusual
rare

Note that the opposite of ‘common’ is ‘uncommon’ or ‘rare’, but the opposite of ‘normal’ is ‘strange’ or ‘weird’. ‘Abnormal’ and ‘subnormal’ have also been used but they are also potentially offensive as they are charged with ideas about what is ‘normal and acceptable and ok’ as opposed to ‘unusual and strange and weird’.

Some people (like my high school English teacher) would say that a thing is normal or it is not. It is an exact term. There are no shades of meaning. There are no shades of degree.

The problem is that in real conversation the terms ‘quite normal’, ‘very normal’, ‘perfectly normal’ are commonly used. It is difficult to fix the degrees of normalcy exactly on a scale. The terms are not exact. They are vague approximations of an idea, which may itself be unclear.

It is important to look at our words and think about what they mean. That will help us to understand what other people mean, when they speak.

‘Common’ also had a negative connotation among the English upper classes some decades ago and that usage probably still survives among a minority of people and in old movies, where somebody might ‘look down their nose’ (disdainfully) (in a snobby way) at somebody else and say: “You are so common” which means: “You are not royal, regal, noble; of the aristocracy, high class, upper class.’

So we have:

noble
regal
royal
high class
upper class
aristocratic

These words form a cluster of meaning and are used together to talk about a class of people.

Look at these words:

low
common
a commoner
low class
a low class person
a pleb
a plebeian
a member of the proletariat
a prole

These words form another cluster. They describe a different class of people. Using these words to describe these classes of people means you subscribe to (agree with) this way of looking at people. Do you think social class is important? Are there recognizable classes in your country? Is class important in your society. How does the class system work in your society?

Leave us a comment and tell us how it works. Let’s teach each other about life in different countries and try to understand people from different cultures.

For most people it is important to be normal. What about you? Is it important for you to be normal? Tell us by leaving a comment below.

Look at these words:

ethnic heritage
ethnic background
ethnic origin
ethnicity

They mean roughly the same thing.

In some parts of the world this is and has been a touchy subject. In some countries people look down on other groups. In some countries, people persecute and even try to exterminate people from other ethnic groups (genocide).

Ethnicity is a touchy subject in some places. It should not be. Ethnicity should not be a touchy subject. It should not be a touchy subject. Nobody is inferior to anybody else on the basis of ethnic heritage. Nobody? That is what I think. What do you think? Write and tell us. Express your opinion.

Look at these terms:

part-Spanish
half-Spanish
a quarter Spanish
an eighth Spanish
a sixteenth Spanish
pedigree
genealogy

I am Australian. In Australia many people joke about this kind of thing. They put themselves down. They make fun of themselves. They laugh about their genealogy and origins. The whole thing seems like a joke. It is not serious.

When we talk about animals and their parents and children we use the term ‘pedigree’. When we talk about people we use the term ‘genealogy’. It can be amusing to confuse the terms.

English has an interesting position as a world language. It does not belong only to the English or even to the Americans. It belongs to everybody who uses it and they modify it in certain ways in each place. In Filipino English, a ‘blackout’ is a ‘brownout’.

In Japanese English many people think it is offensive to use the term ‘half’ as in ‘half-Japanese’. They use the term ‘double’.

I personally think it is silly to take offense as I do not think any offense is intended by people who use the expression ‘half’. I do not think it is “intrinsically” offensive. However, remember, especially in Japan, some people do take offense, so be aware. It is not nice to offend people and it is easy to avoid offending them.

Look at these sentences:

I have nothing to do with Cambodia.
I don’t have anything to do with Cambodia.
I am not connected to Cambodia.
I am not connected to Cambodia in any way.
I am not connected to Cambodia at all.

They have very similar meanings.

Now look at these:

Mormonism
Mormon
Mormons
mission
missionary
missionaries
convert
Seventh Day Adventists
Jehovah’s Witnesses

Have you seen two young American men in white shirts and dark trousers, wearing ties and riding bicycles? They are probably Mormons on their mission. They are ‘missionaries’. That means they go on a ‘mission’ to ‘convert’ people to their religion. Many different types of Christians do this. The Seventh Day Adventists and the Jehovah’s Witnesses also do it.

Reading and Writing Practice

Use Wikipedia to find out what you can about these groups. What do you think of people who try to convert you to their religion? Write and tell us below.

Look at this scale:

my whole family
me entire family
part of my family
some members of my family
a few members of my family
a couple of members of my family
one member of my family

Do you understand all these terms. If you do not use your dictionary to check meaning.

Now look at these phrases:

I started learning English.
I started to learn English.

Both forms are correct. They are in the past tense.

Now look at the next group. Can you understand their meanings?

am starting to learn Chinese
is starting to learn Chinese
are starting to learn Chinese
will start learning Chinese
will start to learn Chinese
am going to start learning Chinese
am going to start to learn Chinese
is going to start learning Chinese
is going to start to learn Chinese
are going to start learning Chinese
are going to start to learn Chinese

It is rather complicated. Let’s look at the present tense first:

I am starting to learn Chinese.
He is starting to learn Chinese.
They are starting to learn Chinese

We never say:

I am starting learning Chinese.
He is starting learning Chinese.
They are starting learning Chinese.

The repetition of the gerund sounds clumsy.

Let’s look at the future tense:

will start learning Chinese
will start to learn Chinese
am going to start learning Chinese
am going to start to learn Chinese
is going to start learning Chinese
is going to start to learn Chinese
are going to start learning Chinese
are going to start to learn Chinese

Note that there are two future tenses. Both are common in English.

I will start learning Chinese next year.
I am going to start learning Chinese next year.

One is called ‘future will’. The other one is called ‘future going to’. Note that the conjugation of ‘will’ is simple but the conjugation of ‘be’ is complex:

Will
I will
you will
he will
she will
it will
we will
they will

Be
I am
you are
he is
she is
it is
we are
they are

Now pay attention to this point. With “will” we can say:

will start learning Chinese
will start to learn Chinese

Both forms are ok. With ‘future going to tense’ we can also say both forms:

am going to start learning Chinese
is going to start learning Chinese
are going to start learning Chinese

am going to start to learn Chinese
is going to start to learn Chinese
are going to start to learn Chinese

The first group of phrases (with “learning”) is much more common. The second group (with “to learn”) is much less common. Both are possible but the second group is less common.

Look at these ones:

I stopped learning.
NOT I stopped to learn.

I finished learning.
NOT I finished to learn.

Look at these ones:

started teaching
started to teach
will start teaching
will start to teach
am going to start teaching
am going to start to teach
is going to start teaching
is going to start to teach
are going to start teaching
are going to start to teach

Again the phrases with the gerund ‘teaching’ are far more common than the phrases with the infinitive ‘to teach’.

Do you understand the difference between ‘am going’, ‘is going’ and ‘are going’? It is a conjugation. It is important to understand it. If you do not understand go back to lesson and read it again.

Are you a teacher? Leave us a comment below and tell us about your situation. Who, what and where do you teach?

These two phrases have about the same meaning:

just recently
not long ago

Look at these ones:

have been in this country
was in this country
had been in that country before

The first one is used to say how long you have been in the place where you are:

I have been in Thailand for about a month.

The second one is used as part of a past narrative:

I was in Australia for a year and then I moved to Thailand.
I visited Japan recently.
I was there for a month.
I came back to Thailand about a month ago.

The final one is used to show the earliest of two actions or situations:

I was in Japan last year.
i had been there before. (It was not my first time in Japan.)

Look at these time phrases:

for about three months
for approximately three months
for around three months
for almost three months
for not quite three months
for over three months

Do you understand all the meanings? The first three are about the same. The next two form another pair which has about the same meaning. The last one is different. It is the odd one out.

Look at these ones:

it is a challenge sometimes
it is difficult sometimes
it is hard sometimes

They mean the same thing.

Try these ones:

starting to get better
starting to improve
starting to get the hang of
starting to come to grips with
starting to get my head around

They have similar meanings but they are used differently. The first two are used like this:

My English is starting to get better.
My English is starting to improve.

The other three are used like this:

I am starting to get the hang of English.
I am starting to come to grips with English.
I am starting to get my head around English.

Try these phrases:

Do you speak Khmer?
Are you able to speak Khmer?
Do you know any Khmer?
Do you have any Khmer?(antiquated from rarely used)

The words ‘Khmer’ and ‘Cambodian’ both refer to the Cambodian language.

Look at these terms:

grandma
grandmother
grandpa
grandfather
maternal grandmother
paternal grandmother
maternal grandfather
paternal grandfather

The first two mean the same. The second two mean the same. The final four refer to the four grandparents that we each have. if we say, ‘my grandmother’ it is not clear which one because we all have two grandmothers. Are there different words for ‘maternal grandmother’ and ‘paternal grandmother’ in your language? Write and tell us.

Look at these phrases:

were born
was born
will be born
will arrive
will come out (very informal)

The first two are in the past. The next three are in the future. Note that we do not say ‘I am born’ in English. Many European languages (French, German, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Dutch) use the phrase ‘I am born’ but in English we say ‘I was born’.

In English we DO say ‘is borne’ but it is not common. Note that the spelling is different.

Pollen is borne by the wind.

This means: Pollen is carried by the wind.

Look at this sequence:

was/were born in the States
grew up in the States
went to school in the States = was/were educated in the States = did my education in the States = did my schooling in the States

Look at these two:

Actually I was born in Hawaii.
Actually I was born in the States.

‘The States’ is probably the most common term which Americans use to describe their country.

Is Hawaii part of ‘The States’?
Yes, it is but it is not part of the contiguous States or ‘the mainland’. It is an island. It is a separate island.

Many years ago, I met an American from Hawaii. I am an Australian and I am from the state of Queensland so you can call me ‘a Queenslander’. I called the American guy ‘a Hawaiian’, but he insisted that he was not a ‘Hawaiian’. He said he was an Italian.

What did he mean?

He identified with his Italian heritage. His ethnic background was Italian. He was from Hawaii, but he was not ethnic Hawaiian. Read about the ethnic Hawaiians on Wikipedia.

Are there many different ethnic groups in your country? Leave a comment and tell us about the ethnic background of the people in your country.

When we talk about our ethnic background we use these words:

my descendants
your descendants
his descendants
her descendants
my ancestors
your ancestors
his ancestors
her ancestors
my contemporaries
your contemporaries
his contemporaries
her contemporaries

Check your dictionary to be sure of the meanings of these terms.

Look at these:

all mixed
all mixed up

They are sometimes the same but not always. Sometimes ‘mixed up’ means ‘confused’.

Look at these:

it started to rain
it started raining
it is starting to rain
it starts raining
it starts to rain
it will start to rain
it will start raining
it is going to start to rain
it is going to start raining

You can break them up into:

Past
it started to rain
it started raining

Present Simple
it starts raining
it starts to rain

Present Continuous
it is starting to rain
We never say: It is starting raining.
The repetition of the gerund sounds clumsy.

Future “will”
it will start to rain
it will start raining

Future “going to”
it is going to start to rain
it is going to start raining

When it starts to rain, we often say, “Lets get out of here.” Look at these phrases now:

let’s get a move on = let’s hurry up = let’s move faster
let’s head off = let’s leave
let’s move on = let’s go somewhere else = let’s go to another place
let’s go = let’s hit the track
let’s find shelter (it is starting to rain; let’s find shelter from the rain)
let’s get out of the rain



[adsense_id=”6″]

Section B: Listening Activities

Now listen to the whole conversation without the transcript. While you are listening go through this list and mark the expression you hear. Have fun!

[audio:mormon2.mp3]

Mr Tiave
Mrs Tiave
Elder Tiave
Father Tiave
Brother Tiave
Ms Tiave

a normal English name
a common English name
a normal American name
a common American name
a normal Chinese name
a common Chinese name

ethnic heritage
ethnic background
ethnic origin
ethnicity

part-Spanish
part Filipino
half-Spanish
half-Filipino
a quarter Spanish
a quarter Filipino
an eighth Spanish
an eighth Filipino
a sixteenth Spanish
a sixteenth Filipino

I have nothing to do with Cambodia.
I don’t have anything to do with Cambodia.
I am not connected to Cambodia.
I am not connected to Cambodia in any way.
I am not connected to Cambodia at all.

a Mormon
a missionary
a convert
a Jehovah’s Witness
a Seventh Day Adventist

my whole family
me entire family
part of my family
some members of my family
a few members of my family
a couple of members of my family
one member of my family

I started learning Cambodian.
I started to learn Cambodian.

recently
not long ago

started learning
started to learn
will start learning
will start to learn
am going to start learning
am going to start to learn
is going to start learning
is going to start to learn
are going to start learning
are going to start to learn

started teaching
started to teach

will start teaching
will start to teach
am going to start teaching
am going to start to teach
is going to start teaching
is going to start to teach
are going to start teaching
are going to start to teach

was in this country
have been in this country
had been in that country before

for approximately three months
for around three months
for almost three months
for about three months
for not quite three months
for over three months

it is a challenge sometimes
it is difficult sometimes
it is hard sometimes

starting to get better
starting to improve
starting to get the hang of
starting to come to grips with
starting to get my head around

Do you know any Tagalog?
Do you speak Tagalog?
Are you able to speak Tagalog?

grandma
grandmother
grandpa
grandfather
maternal grandmother
paternal grandmother
maternal grandfather
paternal grandfather

were born
was born
will be born
will arrive
will come out

Actually I was born in Hawaii.
Actually I was born in the States.

my descendants
your descendants
his descendants
her descendants
my ancestors
your ancestors
his ancestors
her ancestors
my contemporaries
your contemporaries
his contemporaries
her contemporaries

all mixed
all mixed up

it started to rain
it started raining
it is starting to rain
it starts raining
it starts to rain
it will start to rain
it will start raining
it is going to start to rain
it is going to start raining

To improve your pronunciation and speaking confidence, listen to the recording many times. Try to repeat each phrase as the speaker speaks it. You can find the transcription here: This Be Aware lesson is based on the real conversation, Actually I was born in Hawaii.

This is the end of Lesson 4. Did you learn something new? What did you think of the lesson? Please leave us a comment.

196 Responses to “Be Aware – Lesson 4”

Read below or add a comment...

  1. The good intreguing web pages keep me returning the following repeatedly. thanks again so much.

  2. I happen to be writing to let you know what a amazing discovery my cousin’s girl enjoyed visiting your webblog. She came to understand a lot of pieces, which included what it is like to possess a great helping spirit to let other individuals completely completely grasp selected problematic topics. You actually did more than our desires. I appreciate you for producing such useful, dependable, revealing and as well as fun thoughts on the topic to Ethel.

  3. buy house says:

    Wow! This could be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Fantastic. I’m also a specialist in this topic therefore I can understand your hard work.

  4. This is really interesting, You’re a remarkably professional article writer. I have enrolled with your feed and furthermore , count on enjoying the really great write-ups. And additionally, I’ve got shared your webpage throughout our myspace.

  5. educate says:

    Super-Duper website! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also

  6. dance says:

    Generally I do not learn post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thank you, quite great post.

  7. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and after this whenever a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Could there be however you possibly can get rid of me from that service? Thanks!

  8. computer pc says:

    Great website. Plenty of useful info here. I am sending it to several pals ans also sharing in delicious. And certainly, thanks in your sweat!

  9. I am glad for commenting to let you know of the wonderful experience our girl found visiting your web site. She mastered such a lot of details, including how it is like to possess a wonderful coaching nature to let the rest effortlessly fully understand a variety of tricky subject matter. You actually did more than our desires. I appreciate you for offering such great, trustworthy, educational and in addition unique thoughts on that topic to Lizeth.

  10. scientists says:

    Wow! This can be one particular of the most helpful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Fantastic. I am also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your hard work.

  11. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how could we communicate?

  12. whoah this weblog is excellent i really like studying your articles. Keep up the good paintings! You already know, many persons are searching round for this information, you can aid them greatly.

  13. You made various good points there. I did a search on the matter and found mainly folks will agree with your blog.

  14. baseball says:

    Keep functioning ,impressive job!

  15. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite certain I’ll learn plenty of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  16. africa trip says:

    Hi there, I discovered your site by means of Google even as looking for a related matter, your site came up, it seems to be good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  17. Simply wish to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is simply spectacular and i could assume you are an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the enjoyable work.

  18. I was studying some of your content on this internet site and I believe this website is real instructive! Continue posting.

  19. Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  20. Hello.This post was really interesting, especially since I was investigating for thoughts on this issue last week.

  21. asia trip says:

    My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  22. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you¡¦ve on this blog. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched everywhere and just could not come across. What a perfect website.

  23. Simply wish to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your post is simply nice and i can assume you are an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

  24. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  25. I must show some appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of this type of incident. After looking out throughout the search engines and finding ideas which are not productive, I believed my entire life was done. Being alive minus the strategies to the issues you’ve solved through your good write-up is a serious case, as well as the kind which might have negatively damaged my career if I hadn’t noticed your blog post. Your good understanding and kindness in controlling a lot of things was excellent. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a solution like this. I can also at this point look forward to my future. Thank you very much for your high quality and sensible help. I won’t think twice to recommend the website to any individual who would like recommendations on this issue.

  26. I have to show my appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of such a difficulty. After researching through the search engines and finding solutions which are not pleasant, I assumed my entire life was well over. Existing minus the answers to the problems you’ve solved through the short post is a crucial case, and the ones that might have adversely affected my career if I hadn’t come across your web site. Your actual competence and kindness in maneuvering all the pieces was important. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come upon such a step like this. I can now relish my future. Thanks so much for your high quality and result oriented guide. I won’t think twice to refer the blog to any person who needs guidance about this problem.

  27. I must express my appreciation to you just for bailing me out of this difficulty. After searching through the online world and meeting concepts which were not helpful, I figured my entire life was gone. Existing minus the strategies to the difficulties you have resolved by way of your guide is a crucial case, and the ones that might have in a wrong way damaged my entire career if I had not encountered your web blog. Your primary ability and kindness in maneuvering all the details was important. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t discovered such a thing like this. I can also at this moment look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot so much for your specialized and results-oriented guide. I won’t think twice to suggest your web site to any individual who should get guidelines about this issue.

  28. I carry on listening to the news broadcast speak about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i find some?

  29. I have to express some appreciation to this writer for rescuing me from this type of matter. As a result of looking out throughout the internet and coming across ideas that were not beneficial, I assumed my life was done. Living minus the solutions to the issues you’ve resolved all through the website is a crucial case, and ones that would have in a wrong way affected my entire career if I had not encountered your blog post. Your own personal mastery and kindness in touching every aspect was helpful. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t discovered such a stuff like this. I can also at this point look forward to my future. Thanks for your time very much for this professional and amazing help. I will not be reluctant to suggest your web site to any individual who would like support on this issue.

  30. I was reading through some of your articles on this site and I conceive this web site is very informative ! Continue putting up.

  31. Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your web site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What an ideal website.

  32. visual art says:

    Thank you for another fantastic post. The place else could anyone get that kind of info in such a perfect method of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am on the search for such info.

  33. fitness says:

    Great work! That is the type of info that should be shared around the web. Shame on Google for not positioning this publish upper! Come on over and talk over with my website . Thanks =)

  34. Thanks for another informative blog. The place else may I am getting that kind of info written in such a perfect way? I’ve a undertaking that I’m simply now working on, and I’ve been at the look out for such information.

  35. I really like your writing style, superb information, regards for posting : D.

  36. Keep working ,impressive job!

  37. I am now not certain where you are getting your information, however great topic. I needs to spend a while finding out more or figuring out more. Thank you for great info I was in search of this info for my mission.

  38. Rattling nice style and design and fantastic articles , nothing at all else we require : D.

  39. You have brought up a very superb points , thankyou for the post.

  40. africa trip says:

    magnificent put up, very informative. I’m wondering why the opposite specialists of this sector do not notice this. You must continue your writing. I am sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  41. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this site, as I experienced to reload the web site many times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective fascinating content. Ensure that you update this again soon..

  42. auto update says:

    Wow! This can be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Magnificent. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  43. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  44. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you¡¦ve on this web site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across. What a great website.

  45. You are my inhalation , I own few blogs and occasionally run out from to post .I conceive this site holds some very excellent info for everyone. “The individual will always be a minority. If a man is in a minority of one, we lock him up.” by Oliver Wendell Holmes.

  46. I have recently started a website, the info you offer on this site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work. “The achievements of an organization are the results of the combined effort of each individual.” by Vince Lombardi.

  47. Some genuinely choice blog posts on this site, saved to fav.

  48. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I don’t know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  49. Some genuinely wonderful info , Gladiolus I detected this. “It’s not what you are that holds you back, it’s what you think you are not.” by Denis Watley.

  50. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  51. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is magnificent, let alone the content!

  52. Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Great. I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  53. I would like to voice my passion for your generosity giving support to folks that actually need help with your situation. Your personal dedication to passing the solution across was really insightful and have constantly made others just like me to realize their aims. Your entire insightful guide signifies a great deal to me and even further to my peers. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  54. I simply couldn’t go away your web site prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the usual information an individual supply to your visitors? Is going to be again frequently to check out new posts.

  55. Hello.This post was extremely motivating, especially since I was investigating for thoughts on this issue last Saturday.

  56. Hey very nice web site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the feeds additionally…I am glad to find so many helpful information right here within the put up, we want work out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing.

  57. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too great. I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart. I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is actually a tremendous web site.

  58. you are truly a just right webmaster. The website loading velocity is incredible. It sort of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. In addition, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a fantastic task in this subject!

  59. My husband and i have been absolutely excited Peter could conclude his research because of the ideas he got when using the web page. It is now and again perplexing just to happen to be giving out information and facts which usually some other people might have been trying to sell. And we also fully understand we need the writer to appreciate for that. The specific explanations you have made, the simple blog navigation, the friendships you assist to instill – it is all powerful, and it’s leading our son in addition to the family recognize that the subject matter is satisfying, which is highly vital. Thanks for the whole lot!

  60. I wish to voice my love for your generosity giving support to all those that should have guidance on that issue. Your special dedication to passing the message all over came to be astonishingly important and has all the time enabled many people just like me to achieve their objectives. Your personal warm and friendly guideline can mean so much a person like me and substantially more to my fellow workers. Many thanks; from everyone of us.

  61. Hey, I just want to tell you thank you for the content. I’m not really one to provide feedback that frequently but continue the good quality work and thanks a lot for the good quality information.

  62. As I web site possessor I believe the content matter here is rattling wonderful , appreciate it for your hard work. You should keep it up forever! Best of luck.

  63. hi!,I like your writing so much! share we keep up a correspondence more about your article on AOL? I require a specialist in this house to solve my problem. Maybe that is you! Taking a look ahead to see you.

  64. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  65. Thank you a lot for sharing this with all folks you actually know what you’re speaking about! Bookmarked. Please also visit my web site =). We may have a link trade contract between us!

  66. I dugg some of you post as I cogitated they were invaluable very useful

  67. I have learn several excellent stuff here. Certainly value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much attempt you place to create any such fantastic informative website.

  68. I simply desired to say thanks yet again. I do not know what I would’ve created in the absence of the entire aspects documented by you relating to such a theme. Completely was an absolute fearsome crisis in my opinion, but witnessing this professional form you handled that made me to jump over gladness. I’m just thankful for your work and as well , pray you know what an amazing job that you’re getting into training the mediocre ones by way of a web site. Probably you have never encountered all of us.

  69. great issues altogether, you simply received a new reader. What might you recommend about your submit that you simply made a few days in the past? Any sure?

  70. You have remarked very interesting details ! ps nice web site . “I’m going to a special place when I die, but I want to make sure my life is special while I’m here.” by Payne Stewart.

  71. Great goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely great. I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it wise. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is really a terrific site.

  72. You made some clear points there. I looked on the internet for the subject and found most persons will agree with your site.

  73. It¡¦s in point of fact a nice and useful piece of info. I¡¦m satisfied that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  74. I cling on to listening to the reports speak about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the most excellent site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i find some?

  75. naturally like your website but you need to take a look at the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I to find it very bothersome to tell the truth however I’ll surely come back again.

  76. I regard something really special in this site.

  77. Very interesting info !Perfect just what I was searching for! “The only gift is a portion of thyself.” by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

  78. Hiya very nice website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the feeds also…I’m happy to seek out numerous useful info here in the put up, we want develop extra techniques on this regard, thanks for sharing.

  79. Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  80. I went over this website and I think you have a lot of wonderful info, saved to fav (:.

  81. Really great post to hang on.. I’m very impressed with this article. Looking for more info.

  82. I just want to say I am just all new to blogging and site-building and seriously loved this blog. Very likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You really have terrific well written articles. Cheers for sharing your website.

  83. P De Mario says:

    About how to call the persons, in Brazil we use the same form to call the people as the same manner from the United States of América with little diferences. As example we say the word YOU. In the States they use the word YOU for younger and older people. In Brazil we use two forms to say YOU.
    VOCÊ: is used when we talk to friends or younger people. Is a usual term in friendship. But, for older people and in the formal way we use the word SENHOR
    About the Etinicity, there are not difference among the peoples. In my case, I was born in Brazil, but my mother is from Spain and my father is from Italy.
    I’d like so much this importante lesson.
    I agree you so much my friends.
    Best regards

  84. Lakshmi says:

    Dear sir,

    The lessons are very helpful and interesting, I am a homemaker . I have a toddler for whom I should get admitted for kindergarten shortly, so I should start hunting for schools and find out about school details like fees, timings etc… So if you could provide me a conversation material regarding this subject of school admission and interviews it will be really helpful. It’s my request sir.

    Thanks and regards
    Lakshmi

    • antoinette says:

      it’s very good and help to become better by writing and conversation

      • antoinette says:

        thank you for every thing and to interest me please send me all the lessons and do not forget me because i study it and pleasure to interest and ask what i am doing , and I will join with you for all lesson thank you

  85. saravanakumar says:

    Thank you for your lessons. it must be use in my life.

  86. saravanakumar says:

    Thank u for ur lessons it must be use in my life

  87. Tina says:

    Thank you very much . I love this wesbsite. I’ve learned some new words in this conversation.

  88. Stefania says:

    Hi Aron and Mark
    Thank you so much for your three other lessons. They are very interesting and they help me to get my English better. I live near Rome and I am a teacher of italian literature but I love a lot English language and you are offering me the opportunity to learn it. Thank you again
    Bye Stefania

  89. behnaz says:

    these lessons are very useful. thank you very much.

  90. Dinar says:

    Thank you for these lesson ,they are very useful and I have got some new things.

  91. SNS says:

    Hi

    Thanks for the lessons, Iam going to improve my english ,in our language we usually call Ajji for both paternal and maternal grandmothers and Ajja or tata for both grandfathers aswell.In other states.

  92. SANJAY SN says:

    Thank you so much 4 the lesson

  93. Atto says:

    We call maternal grandmother ” Mother’s Mum”..
    I believe Ethnicity is a touchy subject and it hurts and we can face it everywhere.

  94. Rochman says:

    Thank You very much it is useful

  95. Mahdi says:

    hi, thanks for the good descriptions presented above.
    I’ve just wanted to mention two titles for addressing men
    and women are “sir” and “madam” which have not been considered
    among the lesson.

  96. Argan megariansyah says:

    i say thank very much for mr aaron n mark you both really help me to learn listening and speak in english,wish you all the best.,,

  97. Reham Salah says:

    Thank you so much for the lessons

    • ismail says:

      hi teachers thank you so much for the good descriptions presented above.
      I’ve just wanted to mention two words for addressing men
      and women are “sir” and “madam” which have not been
      considered
      among the lesson so I’m beginner and I want to help me all my behind me

  98. saman says:

    Helo and thanks for your lessons .

    those very beneficial lessons.

    thanks again very much.

    best wishes

  99. Joanna says:

    first lesson was little difficult for me, but second and another was very useful. It is a pity, that the phrases which you give us, we dont listen on mp3 or on the website. When i can listen i better remember. Generally our lesson are very good, and i like them, and i always wait the next lesson. Thanks, very much.

  100. Aura says:

    I very like your lessons and always wait the next lesson.Thank you very much

  101. mena says:

    From ancient time people are accustomed to classify themselves according to possession
    or family origin. The man who possesses more comes first ( whether possession is land, herd, money, knowledge, …).Many times possession does not mean goodness; usually people who possess more use this possession not for benefit of the community but for their own benefit. For this reason God(Allah in Islamic term)have sent His messengers to change the mind of people and to clarify the the cause: to have or to be?. The one who is more pious (and consequently better for the community)comes first. You can not nullify classification of people, this is essential for running the community even in the animal kingdom, but the question is on which basis you classify them?in other terms to have or to be?.

  102. mena says:

    Thank you so much.The lesson is interesting . But first part quite difficult.I think the religion is personal.If these people are not using force and their conversation depends on logic so It is acceptable.

  103. girum hailu says:

    Section A – Grammar Explanations with Examples
    Sometimes when you are listening to something in English, you can understand it but you cannot say it. You are not able to reproduce what you hear with correct grammar. It is important to be aware of grammar and the correct way to use words. It helps you to communicate more clearly. This saves time and prevents misunderstandings.

    Words have many nuances and variations of meaning (shades of meaning). Language is very important. Understanding is everything.

    Understanding is the basis of the solution to every problem. We can reach understanding by communicating clearly and by understanding other people. We can use language to help us do this.

    Let’s look at some examples of the English language from a real conversation between an American and an Australian, both native speakers:

    In this conversation I met a young Mormon from Hawaii. He was younger than me but he was called “Elder Tiave”. Does anybody think it is odd that a young man is called ‘elder’, which basically means ‘old’?

    The term ‘elder’ is usually used in expressions like ‘the elders of the tribe’ or ‘my elder brother’. Look at this table:

    elder brother = older brother
    elder sister = older sister
    younger brother
    younger sister
    elder son = older son
    elder daughter = older daughter

    ‘Elder’ is simply an old form of ‘older’ or ‘old’. We sometimes call people ‘Old John’, but usually not to their face unless we are already old or are the same age as that person. How do you address people in your language? Tell us in the comment section at the bottom of this page.

    Many people in the west will say it does not matter how old you are. Many native speakers of English will say it doesn’t matter how old you are. You are yourself. You are who you are. What do you think? Leave a comment below.

    Many Asian languages use family member terms as forms of address, for example ‘Brother John’ or ‘Big Brother John’ or ‘Uncle John’ or even ‘Maternal Uncle John’ and ‘Little Brother John’, but in English we never say ‘Mister John’. In Thailand we say ‘Khun John’ and in Japan we say ‘John-san’, but in English ‘Mister John’ is not said. We use the term ‘mister’ with the last name or family name, for example ‘Mister Potter’ or ‘Mister Obama’.

    Look at this set of titles:

    Elder Tiave
    Mister Tiave
    Master Tiave
    Miss Tiave
    Mrs Tiave
    Ms Tiave
    Father Tiave (a Catholic priest)
    Mother Tiave (a Catholic nun like Mother Teresa)
    Sister Tiave (a Catholic nun)
    Brother Tiave (a Catholic priest)

    ‘Elder Tiave’ is a normal form of address for Mormons, even for young men. I do not know why. Can anybody tell me? Does anybody know? Can anybody tell me, why do the Mormons call their young men ‘old’?

    Can you please write and tell us if you do. Leave a comment below.

    ‘Mister Tiave’ is a common form of address. Note that ‘Mister’ is used with the family name.

    ‘Master’ is used with the first name (Christian name) or surname (family name). For example you could say:

    Master Potter
    Master Harry
    Master Harry Potter
    young Master Harry

    ‘Miss’ is the feminine equivalent of ‘master’, but it is also used for women who have become adults, until they are married. Nowadays it is usually replaced by the modern feminist innovation ‘Ms’.

    We still hear it in nursery rhymes like:

    Little Miss Muffet sat on a tuffet eating her curds and whey
    Down came a spider and sat down beside her
    and frightened Miss Muffet away.

    Many western women prefer not to be called ‘Miss’. They prefer to be called ‘Ms’ (for example Ms Jones). You can tell if a woman is married by her title (‘Miss Jones’ or ‘Mrs. Jones’), but you cannot tell if a man is married by his title (‘Mr. Jones’). Many western women prefer their marital status to be as opaque as that of men.

    Let’s look at the words ‘normal’ and ‘common’:

    It is not a normal English name.
    It is not a common English name.

    The first one could be offensive to the listener. Western countries are not homogeneous. Countries like America and even most European countries now contain people from many different ethnic backgrounds, who come from many different cultures and speak many different languages.

    If you say ‘Singh’ is not “a normal English name” or ‘Wang’ is not “a normal English” name or ‘Muhammad’ is not “a normal English name,” you might make that person feel excluded. You might make that person feel different and isolated and excluded. Look at these words:

    very normal
    perfectly normal
    normal
    quite normal
    fairly normal
    not normal
    unusual
    quite unusual
    strange
    very strange
    weird

    The scale shows how our idea of ‘normal’ can go from ‘very normal’ to ‘weird’, which usually has a negative connotation (That is a pity because originally ‘weird’ was a beautiful word, which meant something like ‘holy’, but nowadays people usually think ‘weird’ means ‘bad’, though not always).

    Look at these words:

    extremely common
    very common
    common
    quite common
    not uncommon
    uncommon
    not common
    uncommon
    a little uncommon
    very uncommon
    unusual
    rare

    Note that the opposite of ‘common’ is ‘uncommon’ or ‘rare’, but the opposite of ‘normal’ is ‘strange’ or ‘weird’. ‘Abnormal’ and ‘subnormal’ have also been used but they are also potentially offensive as they are charged with ideas about what is ‘normal and acceptable and ok’ as opposed to ‘unusual and strange and weird’.

    Some people (like my high school English teacher) would say that a thing is normal or it is not. It is an exact term. There are no shades of meaning. There are no shades of degree.

    The problem is that in real conversation the terms ‘quite normal’, ‘very normal’, ‘perfectly normal’ are commonly used. It is difficult to fix the degrees of normalcy exactly on a scale. The terms are not exact. They are vague approximations of an idea, which may itself be unclear.

    It is important to look at our words and think about what they mean. That will help us to understand what other people mean, when they speak.

    ‘Common’ also had a negative connotation among the English upper classes some decades ago and that usage probably still survives among a minority of people and in old movies, where somebody might ‘look down their nose’ (disdainfully) (in a snobby way) at somebody else and say: “You are so common” which means: “You are not royal, regal, noble; of the aristocracy, high class, upper class.’

    So we have:

    noble
    regal
    royal
    high class
    upper class
    aristocratic

    These words form a cluster of meaning and are used together to talk about a class of people.

    Look at these words:

    low
    common
    a commoner
    low class
    a low class person
    a pleb
    a plebeian
    a member of the proletariat
    a prole

    These words form another cluster. They describe a different class of people. Using these words to describe these classes of people means you subscribe to (agree with) this way of looking at people. Do you think social class is important? Are there recognizable classes in your country? Is class important in your society. How does the class system work in your society?

    Leave us a comment and tell us how it works. Let’s teach each other about life in different countries and try to understand people from different cultures.

    For most people it is important to be normal. What about you? Is it important for you to be normal? Tell us by leaving a comment below.

    Look at these words:

    ethnic heritage
    ethnic background
    ethnic origin
    ethnicity

    They mean roughly the same thing.

    In some parts of the world this is and has been a touchy subject. In some countries people look down on other groups. In some countries, people persecute and even try to exterminate people from other ethnic groups (genocide).

    Ethnicity is a touchy subject in some places. It should not be. Ethnicity should not be a touchy subject. It should not be a touchy subject. Nobody is inferior to anybody else on the basis of ethnic heritage. Nobody? That is what I think. What do you think? Write and tell us. Express your opinion.

    Look at these terms:

    part-Spanish
    half-Spanish
    a quarter Spanish
    an eighth Spanish
    a sixteenth Spanish
    pedigree
    genealogy

    I am Australian. In Australia many people joke about this kind of thing. They put themselves down. They make fun of themselves. They laugh about their genealogy and origins. The whole thing seems like a joke. It is not serious.

    When we talk about animals and their parents and children we use the term ‘pedigree’. When we talk about people we use the term ‘genealogy’. It can be amusing to confuse the terms.

    English has an interesting position as a world language. It does not belong only to the English or even to the Americans. It belongs to everybody who uses it and they modify it in certain ways in each place. In Filipino English, a ‘blackout’ is a ‘brownout’.

    In Japanese English many people think it is offensive to use the term ‘half’ as in ‘half-Japanese’. They use the term ‘double’.

    I personally think it is silly to take offense as I do not think any offense is intended by people who use the expression ‘half’. I do not think it is “intrinsically” offensive. However, remember, especially in Japan, some people do take offense, so be aware. It is not nice to offend people and it is easy to avoid offending them.

    Look at these sentences:

    I have nothing to do with Cambodia.
    I don’t have anything to do with Cambodia.
    I am not connected to Cambodia.
    I am not connected to Cambodia in any way.
    I am not connected to Cambodia at all.

    They have very similar meanings.

    Now look at these:

    Mormonism
    Mormon
    Mormons
    mission
    missionary
    missionaries
    convert
    Seventh Day Adventists
    Jehovah’s Witnesses

    Have you seen two young American men in white shirts and dark trousers, wearing ties and riding bicycles? They are probably Mormons on their mission. They are ‘missionaries’. That means they go on a ‘mission’ to ‘convert’ people to their religion. Many different types of Christians do this. The Seventh Day Adventists and the Jehovah’s Witnesses also do it.

    Reading and Writing Practice
    Use Wikipedia to find out what you can about these groups. What do you think of people who try to convert you to their religion? Write and tell us below.

    Look at this scale:

    my whole family
    me entire family
    part of my family
    some members of my family
    a few members of my family
    a couple of members of my family
    one member of my family

    Do you understand all these terms. If you do not use your dictionary to check meaning.

    Now look at these phrases:

    I started learning English.
    I started to learn English.

    Both forms are correct. They are in the past tense.

    Now look at the next group. Can you understand their meanings?

    am starting to learn Chinese
    is starting to learn Chinese
    are starting to learn Chinese
    will start learning Chinese
    will start to learn Chinese
    am going to start learning Chinese
    am going to start to learn Chinese
    is going to start learning Chinese
    is going to start to learn Chinese
    are going to start learning Chinese
    are going to start to learn Chinese

    It is rather complicated. Let’s look at the present tense first:

    I am starting to learn Chinese.
    He is starting to learn Chinese.
    They are starting to learn Chinese

    We never say:

    I am starting learning Chinese.
    He is starting learning Chinese.
    They are starting learning Chinese.

    The repetition of the gerund sounds clumsy.

    Let’s look at the future tense:

    will start learning Chinese
    will start to learn Chinese
    am going to start learning Chinese
    am going to start to learn Chinese
    is going to start learning Chinese
    is going to start to learn Chinese
    are going to start learning Chinese
    are going to start to learn Chinese

    Note that there are two future tenses. Both are common in English.

    I will start learning Chinese next year.
    I am going to start learning Chinese next year.

    One is called ‘future will’. The other one is called ‘future going to’. Note that the conjugation of ‘will’ is simple but the conjugation of ‘be’ is complex:

    Will
    I will
    you will
    he will
    she will
    it will
    we will
    they will

    Be
    I am
    you are
    he is
    she is
    it is
    we are
    they are

    Now pay attention to this point. With “will” we can say:

    will start learning Chinese
    will start to learn Chinese

    Both forms are ok. With ‘future going to tense’ we can also say both forms:

    am going to start learning Chinese
    is going to start learning Chinese
    are going to start learning Chinese

    am going to start to learn Chinese
    is going to start to learn Chinese
    are going to start to learn Chinese

    The first group of phrases (with “learning”) is much more common. The second group (with “to learn”) is much less common. Both are possible but the second group is less common.

    Look at these ones:

    I stopped learning.
    NOT I stopped to learn.

    I finished learning.
    NOT I finished to learn.

    Look at these ones:

    started teaching
    started to teach
    will start teaching
    will start to teach
    am going to start teaching
    am going to start to teach
    is going to start teaching
    is going to start to teach
    are going to start teaching
    are going to start to teach

    Again the phrases with the gerund ‘teaching’ are far more common than the phrases with the infinitive ‘to teach’.

    Do you understand the difference between ‘am going’, ‘is going’ and ‘are going’? It is a conjugation. It is important to understand it. If you do not understand go back to lesson and read it again.

    Are you a teacher? Leave us a comment below and tell us about your situation. Who, what and where do you teach?

    These two phrases have about the same meaning:

    just recently
    not long ago

    Look at these ones:

    have been in this country
    was in this country
    had been in that country before

    The first one is used to say how long you have been in the place where you are:

    I have been in Thailand for about a month.

    The second one is used as part of a past narrative:

    I was in Australia for a year and then I moved to Thailand.
    I visited Japan recently.
    I was there for a month.
    I came back to Thailand about a month ago.

    The final one is used to show the earliest of two actions or situations:

    I was in Japan last year.
    i had been there before. (It was not my first time in Japan.)

    Look at these time phrases:

    for about three months
    for approximately three months
    for around three months
    for almost three months
    for not quite three months
    for over three months

    Do you understand all the meanings? The first three are about the same. The next two form another pair which has about the same meaning. The last one is different. It is the odd one out.

    Look at these ones:

    it is a challenge sometimes
    it is difficult sometimes
    it is hard sometimes

    They mean the same thing.

    Try these ones:

    starting to get better
    starting to improve
    starting to get the hang of
    starting to come to grips with
    starting to get my head around

    They have similar meanings but they are used differently. The first two are used like this:

    My English is starting to get better.
    My English is starting to improve.

    The other three are used like this:

    I am starting to get the hang of English.
    I am starting to come to grips with English.
    I am starting to get my head around English.

    Try these phrases:

    Do you speak Khmer?
    Are you able to speak Khmer?
    Do you know any Khmer?
    Do you have any Khmer?(antiquated from rarely used)

    The words ‘Khmer’ and ‘Cambodian’ both refer to the Cambodian language.

    Look at these terms:

    grandma
    grandmother
    grandpa
    grandfather
    maternal grandmother
    paternal grandmother
    maternal grandfather
    paternal grandfather

    The first two mean the same. The second two mean the same. The final four refer to the four grandparents that we each have. if we say, ‘my grandmother’ it is not clear which one because we all have two grandmothers. Are there different words for ‘maternal grandmother’ and ‘paternal grandmother’ in your language? Write and tell us.

    Look at these phrases:

    were born
    was born
    will be born
    will arrive
    will come out (very informal)

    The first two are in the past. The next three are in the future. Note that we do not say ‘I am born’ in English. Many European languages (French, German, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Dutch) use the phrase ‘I am born’ but in English we say ‘I was born’.

    In English we DO say ‘is borne’ but it is not common. Note that the spelling is different.

    Pollen is borne by the wind.

    This means: Pollen is carried by the wind.

    Look at this sequence:

    was/were born in the States
    grew up in the States
    went to school in the States = was/were educated in the States = did my education in the States = did my schooling in the States

    Look at these two:

    Actually I was born in Hawaii.
    Actually I was born in the States.

    ‘The States’ is probably the most common term which Americans use to describe their country.

    Is Hawaii part of ‘The States’?
    Yes, it is but it is not part of the contiguous States or ‘the mainland’. It is an island. It is a separate island.

    Many years ago, I met an American from Hawaii. I am an Australian and I am from the state of Queensland so you can call me ‘a Queenslander’. I called the American guy ‘a Hawaiian’, but he insisted that he was not a ‘Hawaiian’. He said he was an Italian.

    What did he mean?

    He identified with his Italian heritage. His ethnic background was Italian. He was from Hawaii, but he was not ethnic Hawaiian. Read about the ethnic Hawaiians on Wikipedia.

    Are there many different ethnic groups in your country? Leave a comment and tell us about the ethnic background of the people in your country.

    When we talk about our ethnic background we use these words:

    my descendants
    your descendants
    his descendants
    her descendants
    my ancestors
    your ancestors
    his ancestors
    her ancestors
    my contemporaries
    your contemporaries
    his contemporaries
    her contemporaries

    Check your dictionary to be sure of the meanings of these terms.

    Look at these:

    all mixed
    all mixed up

    They are sometimes the same but not always. Sometimes ‘mixed up’ means ‘confused’.

    Look at these:

    it started to rain
    it started raining
    it is starting to rain
    it starts raining
    it starts to rain
    it will start to rain
    it will start raining
    it is going to start to rain
    it is going to start raining

    You can break them up into:

    Past
    it started to rain
    it started raining

    Present Simple
    it starts raining
    it starts to rain

    Present Continuous
    it is starting to rain
    We never say: It is starting raining.
    The repetition of the gerund sounds clumsy.

    Future “will”
    it will start to rain
    it will start raining

    Future “going to”
    it is going to start to rain
    it is going to start raining

    hi
    really i do know how can tell my feeling i am so enjoable your study. But i have one question when we use like if, could would…

  104. Puchong says:

    Thank you for e-mail in tne learning

  105. fuad osman says:

    hi thank you it’s really help me thank you!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  106. Rozanna says:

    Salam = Hi = Hello 🙂
    A THOUSAND THANK YOUS for ur lessons , it’s totally different and interesting … really i find it very much HELPFUL … god bless u All … I can’t wait to see ur next lesson 🙂 …. PC: I want more lessons about perfect tense if u please I know when shall i use it but sometimes confuses me alot while am speaking for example , when i speak to someone is it okay to say i heard u instead of I HAVE heard coz some people say that the correct is (i have heard u) and some people say the reverse … it’s CONFUSING ME alot …
    REGARDS , RozE

  107. Piroska says:

    Hello Mark and Aaron,
    Your English lessons are very useful and interesting.These are not only stories but help a lot to practice English grammar to.I think English grammar is easier than the Hungarian.The Hungarians mostly have problem with the Present Perfect because this is
    not in the Hungarian language.They hardly can understand what they translate as Past
    how complicated to find the correct form.Fortunately this is no problem for me
    As you know nowadays all the university students have to pass state English exam to get their degree.I helped a lot of students to develop their English knowledge and
    to pass succesfully their exam.
    The language exam consists of two parts, oral and written exam.The written exam is
    rather complicated.There are 50 grammar tests,gap filling and sentence filling,
    with the missing words or sentences,,Understand two kind of texts,choose from them the true or fals,answer mixed questions etc.Listen to an English text and answer the questions.Write a letter or to answer a given letter.
    It’s a hard work because some teachers choose that kind of book which is written
    for English students,there is no good instruction in it to learn the English
    Grammar.
    I offer your lessons to some teachers and students because they are understandable and practical.
    I am living in Budapest.Have you ever been to Hungary?
    Best regards,
    Piroska

    The oral exam is a conversation abaut a given theme and to play a situation.

  108. Chiara says:

    Hi,
    thank you for the lessons…it’s a fantastic idea!

    My problem is the text comprehension when I listen!!!
    I’m alone to studied and I haven’t the possibility to have other people with me.

    How I can to do? Have you some suggestion for me?

    thank a lot.

    Chiara

  109. madyen says:

    Thank you so much and it’s great lesson

  110. Nishantha says:

    thank your sent to lesson

  111. Loan says:

    Hi!
    Thanks a lot for your interesting lessons.
    I have learned a lot form your lessons.
    Regards,
    Loan Mai.

  112. Lyle Sharky says:

    Thanks a lot, Aaron and Mark. The lesson really helps me reduce some doubts I had before.

    Regards,
    Lyle Sharky

  113. PhanThiNguyen says:

    thank you so much!!!
    i learn a lot from you.

  114. Yulius Ibrahim says:

    I am pleased to get lesson 4, there are lot of expression commonly used in American or English people neighbourhood, by reading a lot I hope my English will be better. I don’t know exactly the difference usage between gerund and infinitive. When we use “gerund” and when we use “infinitive”

  115. nino says:

    I like lessons very much. I enjoy learning English. They are very useful. I think you do a lot to give people opportunity to get through the difficulties of English language. Thank you for this.

  116. naeem says:

    I hope you are fine and doing well.
    This lesson was importent for me .I like these program and alltime wait
    the next lesson
    thanks alot

  117. obayed says:

    salam dear
    wish you are good
    as i left you a comment couse i want to learn english and plz send me this english program.

  118. algrbua says:

    many thanks and my best regardes for help

  119. milli says:

    thanks a lot. i very happy. Thank you very very much.

  120. Hi Mark and Aaron,

    Thank you so much, I’m very much pleased with your three other lessons. They help me a lot improving my english speaking and actually help me also in teaching english for children who aren’t able to learn english in a course.

    Well, I’m Indonesian where english isn’t our daily canversation so I have to work very hard in learning and understanding english and get use to speak it in daily conversation.

    I’ll be expecting your other lessons

    Best regards
    Grace Andriani

  121. yen says:

    firstly, thanks you for sending to me a great lesson.
    And now, I want to share with you about my friend in university!
    I was born in Ha Noi( – the capital in Viet Nam)

    In my class, there are a lot of friends from other countryside. Yet, they study in Ha noi. however, their language are difficult for us to understand( they live in Highland and we live in the north in VIet NAm)
    And now they try changing their language. ( especially, my teacher changed her language completely)

    I personly think that’s not exactly wrong.
    what ‘ about all of your opinions?

    Tell me!
    thank you very much

  122. Masood Ahmed says:

    Dear Mark,
    Greetings from Jeddah.
    Thank you very much for sending me this great lesson. This lesson is great help to me for learn more English. Thanks again to you and I am waiting for more material.

    Have a nice weekend.

    Best regards,

    Masood

  123. katherina says:

    Hi, thanl you again for thi lesson.
    Answering your questions…
    1.How do you address people in your language? We use to address old people with “Ud” before the sentence. Also we use this “Ud” when we don’t know the person even if is young, is a matter of respect.
    2.Many people in the west will say it does not matter how old you are. Many native speakers of English will say it doesn’t matter how old you are. You are yourself. You are who you are. What do you think? I think that the most important thing is how young or old people feel, it is a matter of mentality and positive attitude.
    3.Can anybody tell me, why do the Mormons call their young men ‘old’? Unfortunatelly, I don’t know. But, I guess it is because these people are very young but at the same time very wise, and you know that the wisdom is acquired normally when you are old.
    4.Do you think social class is important? Are there recognizable classes in your country? Is class important in your society. How does the class system work in your society? For me any kind of classidication is unnecesary and irrelevant. What really counts is the intelligence and the honesty of the people. In my country there are a high class, a medium class and a lower class.These classes normally are based on how rich you are or how white and blond you are. The class system works especially when people need a job, in this case if you are rich then there are not problems to find a job…a very good job, the same thing happens if you are white or good looking. On the contrary if you are poor and bad looking is difficult to progress.
    5.For most people it is important to be normal. What about you? Is it important for you to be normal? For me be a normal person is do not transgress the morality and the respect of the law. I am within this parameter.
    6.Are you a teacher? No, I don’t. I am a Veterinary.
    7.Are there different words for ‘maternal grandmother’ and ‘paternal grandmother’ in your language? Write and tell us. Yes, we call our grandmother “abuelita” and our grandfather “abuelito”

    thank you for everything.

  124. Ismael from guadalajara mex says:

    Great simply great, it is a very interesting advice, thank you Mark.

  125. marina says:

    Thank You, always!!such wonderful lessons!

    as an English teacher – 3/4 year old children –
    I’d like to thank you for these great lessons
    and grammar points, for the whole thing as it’s.
    It helps me also in trying a method…

    Just thanks a lot,
    marina

  126. Widayati says:

    I like these lesson and always wait the next lesson.Thank you very much

  127. Mark White says:

    You are not wrong. That is right!

  128. yaya says:

    If I’m not mistaken, “maternal grandmother/grandfather” belong to mum’s side, and the word “paternal grandmother/grandfather” for father’s side isn’t it? Thus the word “grandfather and grand mother” refer to the both grandparents that we have. Correct me if I’m wrong 🙂

  129. Binod says:

    Thank this lesson is very useful, it differentiate and alert to speak english correctly, Thank U for providing me the material. Thank U Very much
    with best regards
    Binod

  130. salwa says:

    thank you ,thank you ,thank you .your lesson helping me more than you are expect you tack the big stone from my heart you are very helpful person.

  131. Howaida says:

    Thank you so much
    This lesson was very important
    I was learn a lot of
    Thanks again

  132. RAVINDER says:

    hello sir, please will give the video lessons like public speaking and interview etc ..this type lessons

  133. imran khan says:

    hi this is good lessons thank your for send me. my reading and writing is good but my english speaking is not good. i can’t pickup words. how can i speak in english.

  134. RAVINDER says:

    ok better i would improved little better than before

  135. Mila says:

    Thanks a lot for your useful lessons! Thanks for uniting people of different nationalities! I’m Russian. It’s great to get known about traditions in other countries. I’m glad to have a chance to improve my English.
    Best wishes,
    Mila.

  136. heera lal kohli says:

    hello sir, this is good way to learn english i’m too improving my poor english but i want audio video conversation sothat i would be able to speak english very well, THANK YOU for this

  137. liannu says:

    thank you, for this lesson I learn this lesson from how to said maternal grand mother and paternal grandfather because I come from Myanmar our language has not exactly word when we said grand mother and then whose connect from your mother or father but english word has was I found and i Learn thank you so.. so..much..much for this lesson I improve my poor English Beware .

    • Valere BERAMBAYE says:

      Hi Liannu,
      You’re welcome! You said that Myanmar is your maternal language but you did not tell me from what country do you come from? Is English your maternal language?

      Bye!

  138. Valere BERAMBAYE says:

    I listened again, again, again and again the whole conversation but I have just heard the words below without the transcript:
    -Mr. Tiave
    -a common English name
    -Half-Filipino
    -I have nothing to do with Cambodia
    -A Mormon
    -A missionary
    -Whole family
    -Started learning
    -Started teaching
    -For about three months
    -Do you speak Tagalog
    -Grandma
    -In Hawaî
    -All mixed
    -It is starting to rain

    Please, send to me the correction and tell me if I am in the good way.

  139. Valere BERAMBAYE says:

    Thank you very much for this lesson 4. The grammar part gave me a lot of duties to do but it helps me to remember some good regards from my native country. Not only that but it helps me also to write a essay in English. I thing that I begin to improve my level in English owing to you.
    Thank you!

  140. Valere BERAMBAYE says:

    Hello Aaron,
    Hello Mark,

    There is not so much different between French people and Chadian people about how to address people. My native country (Chad) is a former French colony. It’s why in official formal language we use the same term that French people. But in my maternal language the things are different. We can not address people like French, American or English people. All goes around the family, the membership’s family. For saying grandmother, we say “Kaka g denné”or “Kaî g denné” and grandfather “Kaka g dingao” or “Kaî g dingao; because in my maternal language “denné”= woman and “dingao”= man. You can also say “kaîdjé g denné” = your grandmother and “Kaîdjé g dingao” your grandfather.
    As I said it in the beginning of this lecture, all goes around the family. My grandmother all as my grandfather call me “Ngone kam” = my little son and my mother calls me “Ngounoum” = my son but if it’s about my sister, she says “Ngounoum g denné” = my daughter.
    I hope to respond to your question.

    ———————————————————————-

    Asking the question about how old can somebody are, does not important in my native group. I entirely agree with the people in the West and the native speakers of English. They are absolutely right. I will perhaps ask this kind of the question when I want to take on a person out of work for the rock climbing. I even think that I can not do it if the candidate is able to do it. In my country it’s a sort of discrimination.
    In the last time, in my region, when the office worker had to establish the civil status, he wrote down only the year of the birth. The hour, day or month are not important, because in this community, the very important thing is the person, the people, not the age. That not only valid in my region but almost in the whole country. It’s not the same thing in France. And for very good reason. When I required a political card of refugee, the French authorities wanted to know the hour, the date and the month. I tried to explain them the administrative situation in my country but they understood nothing and added automatically, not hour, but the day and the month in my civil status register. Despite of that I remain what I am. That hasn’t grew old or rajeunated me. It’s an administrative rule.

    ——————————————————————————

    I came from Africa and in my family everyone told about the catholicism, the moslem, the atheism and the protestantism but nothing about the mormonism. I left my native country since 1983 without going back because of the politics problems; so I don’t know what happened after me. However, for responding to your question I heard the similar thing when I was young. Not about the Mormon but about those who called the young men “old”.
    For that, did you believe to the reincarnation? To the Laka’s tribe, they had the usual of calling the young men “old”. Why? Because they thought that it was the spirit of their ancestors which was reincarned. Sometimes the baby were born with the white hair or their behavior was exactly similar of one of theirs grandparents died. These “elder” young men were able to tell you what plants or what roots could we use to treat such or such a disease. While, they had just nine or nine and the half years old. It was unbelievable, uncredible but it was happened like that. I am sorry not to tell you more but it is all I have remembered.

    —————————————————————————————–

    Which is the gold for the ones is not necessarily the same thing for the others. Social class is important for those who believe on it. Of course, there is a social class in my native country like here in France or in your country but I wonder what is the real roll of the social class? I think it’s the frivolousness of the human being.
    To have a beautiful big car, a big house, a tittle, to eat every day in the upper restaurant and knowing the high political person, buying one’s clothes in the big fashion designer shop is what I think everybody called belonging to the high society or to be important. It’s like that you can recognize who belongs to the high or low social class in our society. I think that’s miserable. I know that it’s their money but will it not be preferable to help those who are in the needs? The act of God in Haîti, for example or recently in Madeira in Portugal? We have a lot of things to do for helping our fellow creature but unfortunately we have not shared the same idea. We do not have the same opinion for the misfortune of the others. Everywhere, the number of the unemployed increase, the disease set up but that’s not disrupt those who are in possession of the stock exchange string’s. In this way goes the world today.

    ——————————————————————————————————————

    From the point of view of the health, I am a hundred percent behind those who thing that it is very important to be normal in this society. I think we are in agreement on that. We are living in a pitiless world, the world of the everyone for himself. So it will be normal to be normal is to say a good health in order to fight for living, to struggle for earning one’s life, to defend the life of his family. Yes, it’s normal to be normal. What exactly being normal means? We are in the battlefield where there are not the place neither for the weak(physically and mentality), the poor nor the disabled. That’s the show reality of the Western society. In certain country in Africa, nothing is better than the family. That’s the situation before I left the country but I do not know what is the situation today. One thing is certain, if your are general manager in an entreprise, can you take on, hire a paraplegic as employee? I doubt it. There are everywhere the lack of goodwill of our governments, but I am sure that with some good willingness we will change perhaps the face of the world in spite of the natural catastrophy. It’s only a dream. I know it.

    —————————————————————————————

    I agree up with you to a point, but I am not sure when it comes of the reason which drive the people to act like that. I would like to explain it to you in detail but perhaps an another day.
    We are all the son of God according to the Holy Bible. But when, nowadays we notice that people persecute and even try to exterminate people from other ethnic groups, it’s a question of revenge.
    In my native country, when we got our independent in 1960, Tombalmbaye, christian and originate of the South country, became the first president of the Chad republic. The people of the North of country thought that they were poor because the president neglected them, because they were moslems. And when Tombalmbaye was assassinated in April, 1975, the Nordist took the power and began to kill all or almost all of the managerial employee originate of the South of the Country. Even today, they continue to punish them about this problem. I had to lost all of the members of my family who worked in the chadian administration. The others were simply sent back without pension. It was one of the reason who push me to leave my native country for studying abroad, it’s the main reason but after finishing my studies I can not go back because there are always the same ethnic group in the government. Nobody is inferior to anybody else on the basis ethnic heritage but the jealousy, the wickedness, the envy push the people to do which is not humanly possible to do. The hatred, the covetousness take the ahead. We are brothers in front of our God. This phrase is goodwell in the Holy Bible but in reality it’s a nonsense. Nevertheless I continue to believe on it.

    ————————————————————————————————————————-

    For to be honest, I do not like them. I consider them as of the charlatans. I think that these self-styled moralizers are vultures. I talk especially about the Jehovah’s Witnesses. They were coming several times to see me concerning their religion and several times also I Chased them away, kindly but firmly. God is in my heart. There are no flies on me. I am protestant. All my family too. Since my childhood, under the piece of advice of my parents, I had to follow the program of studying the Holy Bible to the Church and during my biblical’s studies, I had to read one passage which said: “One day, many people will come to tell you that the Kingdom of heaven is imminent…there will have many purjuries in my name but be aware…”. I think that it’s now time to be care: I heard talking about the Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Mormons, the Colombians and many others sects like the “Scientology Church”. I am believer but I pay attention because these villains are talented, without paying attention, you risk to become what they want you to be.

    ———————————————————————————————-

    I was coming in the teaching in the case of absolute necessity.
    In 1980, when I got my diploma after the high school education, there was not the military service in my native country. So, all those who obtained their diploma (baccalauréat) were forced to teach for two years before hopping to get a purse in order to go to study abroad. It’s like this I had tought for two years at a “Lycée Félix Eboué” of Ndjaména, capital city of the Chad Republic. After finishing my contract, they refused to let me leaving and affecting me to another high secondary school in the South of country. My God!
    Before that, I had passed a journalism’s competitive examination, it was very hard so I was sure that I would not be succeed. By surprise, I was the only one to be eligible this year there.
    Let’s move back a moment. Do you remember what we were telling about the only one people which persecute and try to exterminate other ethnic groups? Remember it. The Chadian’s government had done everything to prevent me to go out. Why? because I came from the South of the country and christian. Also, because of my name. Berambaye sounds bad, it is not a moslem’s name. Fortunately, I had a good idea to take a meeting with the consul of France to whom I explained all my problems. After which he gave me a few money and helped me to acquire all the necessaries documents for taking the plane. Thus, in 1983 I landed at the Charle- De-Gaulle’s international aeroport. Since this day, I no longer get back. I got
    two diploma in journalism but I always look for a job at full time because, nowadays, it’s not what diploma you have but who you know which is important. I repeat myself, I know.
    ——————————————————————————————————

    Of couse! there are different words for “maternal grandmother” and “paternal grandmother” in my language as it’s the case in other language. As I said it, I am originated from the South of Chad and I belong to the Laka’s tribe. In Laka, my maternal language, grandmother= “Kaî g denné g bbé kom’g” and paternal grandmother= Kaî g denné g bbé bom’g”. Denné= woman; Dingao= man. But we said only “Kaî” when we knew in what side we are. If both of our grandmothers are together, we are forced to use the two terms above in order to differentiate them. Let’s continue. “bbé”= town, village or country; “Ndjé”= mother; “Komdjé” my mother(plural); “Bom”= father; “Bomdjé”= father(plural). Next one: “M’nddassi lapia”= I greet you (plural); “m’ndday lapia”= I greet you(singular).
    Aaron, Mark, how are you?= “Aaron, Mark, i todjé bann?”
    “Mianssida”= I let you. Bye!

    ————————————————————————————–

    Of course! As all the countries in the World. There are approximately 200 mains ethnic groups in my native country of which is those that we call Sara, originate of the South as well as Laka, Ngambaye, Mouroums, Saramadjingaye, Mbaye, Gor, Toupouri, Moudang, Kabalaye, Mboum in the border of Cameroun and Centre Africa. The Nordists, to quote only those, in the most case are nomads where you can find several ethnic groups too but it’s not easy to determinate the numbersbecause of their nomadism.
    However, the problem of agreement does not settle. When we meet ourself in a region where we do not understand the dialect then we can use French which is the official language of the country. Contrary to the fact, the Chadian authorities want to persuade the world, Chad is not a Moslem country. The moslems do not even represent 10% of the population. All play-acting, it to gain the good favours of the Moslem countries as Sudan, Lybia, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia or Algeria, etc…

    • Aaron says:

      Hi Valere, thank you for your rich and insightful comments. I read every word and found them fascinating and stimulating.

      And I agree with you on many points, but this one in particular struck a chord: in spite of all the greed, hatred, violence, and injustice in the world, we are all truly brothers and sisters in the eyes of God, no matter what our ethnic heritage or religious beliefs are. We are one big family.

      I think the problem occurs when we forget this and start to see the world, and ourselves, in fragments. We become isolated from LOVE and fall into all sorts of suffering when we forget that we are one. And it is so easy to forget, isn’t it?

      I look forward to hearing, and learning, more from you. Thanks again.

      • Valere BERAMBAYE says:

        Hi Aaron,

        I entirely agree with you as much as I am believer. I was born like that and I’ll continue to believe in human being. I consider everybody like my brother or my sister but when I notice that some people take advantage of the credulity of others I am really disappointed. We can help someone if we can do it without hopping to have something in return.
        Aaron, I would like to know if these lessons will be evaluated.
        Because I am seeker and I’d like to update my CV.

        It’s a pleasure to learn with you.
        Bye!

        • Aaron says:

          Hi Valere….sorry, we don’t offer any type of evaluation.

          • Valere BERAMBAYE says:

            Hi Aaron,

            If I understand you very well, your role is only to help yours students to improve their level in English? So, what do you thing about my level? Do you think that I’ll be able to work in English environment now? Like I said it before, I am a seeker. Do you know someone here in France, an entreptrise or an American consulate, who can hire me, in order to perfect my English conversation?

            See you later!

  141. Vy says:

    i think American is easy going than British. especially British who older than me, some of them are not happy when i adress them by name. acctually they want me to call them Mr Mrs or Mss …, they told me that!

  142. ashaa says:

    Hi h r u ?,thanks a lot for lesson 4.And it was very useful for me.I am waiting for next lesson.Thank you

  143. Khaled B. says:

    Thank’s very much for this good lesson.
    Bye Bye.
    Khaled

  144. Svetlana Zhan says:

    Hi Aaron and Mark,
    Thank you for the 4th lesson. The lesson was easy to understand.

  145. Valere BERAMBAYE says:

    Hello Mark,
    Hello Aaron,

    How are going? Don’t doubt about the importance of these lessons for me. I all like them. And I ask to our God to bless you. You can’t suspect as much. I am thirsty learning English.You are my colleagues as it were. Maybe, one day, it will change the course of my life or the becoming of my future professional life. So don’t worry about that. I ADORE THEM! Go ahead! Bye.

  146. Andrey says:

    Thanks a lot for this. Your web site is very useful for me. It’s let me get every day practice in English. All lessons were very structural and easy to understand.

  147. Roberto Q. Indong says:

    Thank you very much! I have been learning a lot from you! Lessons 1-4 that you have already sent to me are truly filled with many great lessons in grammar and in speaking. I look forward to receiving more lessons from you. You have been helping many through your endeavors.

  148. I wish to learn English with you.

  149. Mark White says:

    Hi Thuy

    Yeah “master” has two meanings. One is a person with a masters degree.

    The other is a young male.
    cheers Mark

  150. Thuy says:

    Dear Aaron and Mark,
    Thank you for the 4th lesson. I like the conversation because it is in a real like situation. With regard to grammar, I am not quite with you when you explain “Master”. As I know, “Master” is used to address someone who finishes university at graduate level, for example Master Crocco. And with someone who finishes the level after that, we call him Doctor, like Dr. Carr. What do you think? Am I correct?
    Thank you for letting me summit my comment and question.
    Thuy Nguyen

    • Aaron says:

      Hi Thuy. As Mark says below, ‘master’ has more than one meaning. In American English, however, we don’t use it to refer to someone with a masters degree. For example, even though I have a masters degree, people would still call me “Mr. Campbell.” We only stop calling someone Mr. or Mrs. or Ms. when they achieve the highest formal degree in academics (the PhD) or a medical doctor, dentist, etc.

      Good question.

    • Niranjan says:

      Thank you very much, now i have confident to speak English within few months.this cource is very important for me.in this conversation is lots of helpful in daily use.excuse me for my poor english but I hope I`ll improve it soon.

      Reply to this comment »

  151. nina says:

    I like your english methods. I think these conversation will help me improving my english skills. excuse me for my poor english but I hope I`ll improve it soon.

  152. Mehmet Deniz DEM?RC?O?LU says:

    Hi Aaron;

    I highly appreciate the significance of your work.Thank you very much indeed.My second daughter,who is in the second class of English department at a high school,has been trying to improve her English thanks to your well arranged lessons.So that she might improve her listening and speaking comprehension,I will probably order your short stories set within coming week.

    Can I ask you a question,Aaron ? Can you evaluate my English ? Is there any error in my sentences ? If there is,How can I define it naturally ? Thank you in advance.
    M.Deniz DEM?RC?O?LU

    • Aaron says:

      Hi Mehmet….thanks for your well written comments. Your grammar was perfect, except for one missing particle: ‘the coming week’. By the way, the lessons are Mark’s lessons, not mine! He is the author of all the Interactive Stories. Best of luck to you and your daughter! May you continue to improve your English!

  153. Mark White says:

    Hi Walid

    I started teaching Arabic speaking students about two years ago and I learned a few phrases. I am keen to learn some more of the language.

    Recently I flew to Australia on Royal Brunei Airlines and the audio system provided a beautiful recording of the Koran being sung. I enjoyed listening to the sounds and found a feeling of great peace came over me as I listened. I read that there are two styles for chanting the Koran.

    I also studied Hebrew a little a long time ago on a visit to Israel and I understand that the vocabulary and grammar of Arabic and Hebrew are similar in some ways.

    Where are you? The UAE? Saudi? Oman?

    Thanks for your kind offer. I hope I can take you up on it some time but right now I have to drive to work every day and then come home and if I spend time chatting on the web, my family will drag me away to play with them.

    • thuy says:

      you know, how much i want to show to you my deep gratitude. thanks awfully. i really enjoy all these lessons which you have sent to me.

  154. walid says:

    thank you very much for all these lessons they are really usefll and I enjoy when I stuty in this way . So I want to help you in Arabic language if you want in all it’s fields for free .And I want names of web for chatting

  155. mahmoud says:

    thank you very very much and iam very happy for this excellent conversation lessons

  156. khadra says:

    thank u very much for your tauch me how to improve my daily english
    i got lot of words, which is importanat but my diffeclut thing is
    I don’t have any foreign firends who I can imporves my english
    conversation.

    thanks yor helping me

  157. saad nori says:

    These subjects felt it’s tough In general, I thank you for everything

  158. Tharwat says:

    To tell the truth,i couldn’t listen the whole conversation coze I usually over busy , so it’s unfair to evaluate it but I ‘ll listen to all the four lessons again and leave a comment,
    Thanx a lot
    Tharwat

  159. sana firdous says:

    Assalaam alaikum my lovely Teachers,
    how r u am fine and hope the same my name is sana firdous am from india and Iam student. dis is my first comment for u that’s why am little bit nervous am thanking u from my heartdepth for ur lessons. it is very very very helpful to me.plzzzzz keep doing continue, now Iam counting the day’s when u will give me the next lesson.am hoping for a lovely reply from u.
    ALLAH give u a lot to u for dis small help.ALLAH HAFIZ Mark and Aaron

  160. Ramesh Assar says:

    Hi,Thank you very much for sending four lessons.I want to pass MCHE exam in Iran.I have to improve my listening english.These lessons are very interesting.
    sincerely, Ramesh Assar

  161. Bettina says:

    Thank you so much Aaron and Mark for your usefull lesson!

  162. kanjana says:

    This lesson makes me improve alot
    thank you so much.

  163. jamileh says:

    Hi,thanks a lot for lesson 4.And it was very useful for me.I am waiting for next lesson.Thank you.

  164. Tsegaye Alebel says:

    Your lesson is very interesting & much useful for me.
    I thank you very much!

    Tsegaye

  165. daphea says:

    Hi. I am really enjoying your lessons. It is very important and useful for me of the lesson. It make me clearer than before. For example, the way how to ask the people from, where are you from and where are you coming from. Before I don’t know how to use it accurately. But now I can understand and use more correctly.
    Thanks. I hope to read more lessons and more conversation from your site. Because I have to learn more of English Use even grammar or listening and speaking as well.
    Sincerly

  166. The last four lessons are very helpful for me, thank you very much.
    In our language (Amharic) there is a respect form for the elders. In our traditional saying we call immediate eleder “Gashe” for a man, “Eteye” for a woman. If he is eleder enough like a father we call him “Ababa” like a father. There are different saying in our country (Ethiopia) like this, in every Ethnicity.

    Many people in the west will say it doesn’t matter how old you are. I think, it is because of their culture. For example in a French language there is a word for respect of their eleders. In the same way in Ethiopia we respect the elders.

    I think, it is their culture that the Mormons call their young men ‘old’.

    Social class is important in our society. There are reorganizable classes in a village. The class sytem works in our society, when

    • Aaron says:

      Hi Almaz…thanks so much for your interesting comment.

      Here in Japan, people are very, very conscious of another person’s age and will change the way the speak depending on if they are speaking to someone older (more polite) or someone younger (more informal).

      In the USA, we were taught to respect our elders, but age plays less of an important role when it comes to paying respect than does experience and talent.

      Thanks again for sharing your knowledge of Ethiopia.

  167. jonner says:

    I’m really enjoying them. Very natural. The Emglish Lessoms teach me a lot, I am looking forward to hearing next lesson from you
    Thamk you very much

  168. B srinivas says:

    thanq very much sir this is really helpful to meeeeeeeeeeee

  169. Jarek says:

    Hi!Thank you so much for your lesssons nr 1 and 4.
    I haven’t received lessons number 2 and 3.
    Could I have a chance to get them?

    Jarek

  170. gusnis says:

    Thank you very much.
    now i can learn english with this lesson

  171. zainal says:

    I like the lesson 4. It’s easier to hear. Thank you so much.

  172. bibi says:

    hi, babies i hope you re doing well….thanks alot it’ s realy a nice gift these lessons.

  173. bibi says:

    hi, babies i hope you re doing well….thanks alot it’ s realy a nice gift this lessons.

  174. mike says:

    The conversation of this lesson is better. It is easier to hear. Thank you Aaron and Mark!

  175. nabel says:

    I get some penfet from this lessons like :1-how I talk fast to reabet many time 2-understand the listening and some grammar

  176. anna says:

    thanks very much for their help me to be my english better
    regards

  177. BAHAA says:

    THANKS ALOT
    I WISH I LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE WITH YOU
    YOU ARE GOOD FRIENDS

    BEST REGARE
    BAHAA
    11-12-2009

  178. Devashri says:

    Thank u so much……………i will study all the conversation lession……………i am so happy coze……….you teaching me about english conversation………………….thank u so much

  179. Dear English teachers, I find it quite enjoyable to study the English lessons. Here I would like to point out something in Lesson 4 in which you said, “people of many different ethnic backgrounds, who come from many different cultures…..”

    I would like to remind you that in a previous lesson you said we should not use “come from” for humans, as “come from” is generally used for animals. But in lesson 4, you have used “come from” for humans.
    Following is the original paragraph from lesson 4:

    “The first one could be offensive to the listener. Western countries are not homogeneous. Countries like America and even most European countries now contain people from many different ethnic backgrounds, who COME FROM many different cultures and speak many different languages.”

    Regards
    Shahid
    The News International
    Pakistan

    • Aaron says:

      Hi Shahid….

      Could you please show us where, in a previous lesson, we said that you should not use “come from” for humans? I’m not quite sure what you are referring to.

      Nevertheless, “come from” is a common way to express the origin of something. It can certainly be used with humans, or anything else for that matter. For example:

      Butterflies come from caterpillars.
      Apples come from trees.
      My father comes from Kentucky.
      Oil comes from deep inside the earth.
      Aliens come from outer space.
      We all come from good families.
      Where do you come from?
      Where is all this rain coming from?

      I hope that clears things up. Please ask if you have more questions.

      Thanks again for your comment!

  180. Denise says:

    I’m trying to improve my “poor” English and your “English Conversations” is helping me to do this. I wish you keep up
    with this great work. Thank you!

Leave A Comment...

*