Vocabulary and Grammar Notes – Siegfried’s Trip to Worms

- Verb Phrases
- Present Simple Tense
- Past Simple Tense
- Infinitives
- Passive Voice
- Vocabulary Development – Word Families

Every sentence has a verb and every verb has a tense. The verb phrases are the key to the sentences and the sentences are the key to the text. Look at the verb phrases for this episode:

Verb Phrases

Worms is a place in Germany.
Worms are good for the soil.
Siegfried came to Worms to sit in the garden by the river and play his lute and sing love ballads to Kriemhild.
That was his plan.
He wanted to marry her.
He had heard about her and he wanted to marry her.
Kriemhild ruled Burgundy with her brothers Gunther, Goethe and Floete. Gunther was the eldest and made all the important decisions in the kingdom.
Goethe was the next in line and devoted his time to research and self-education and waiting to become king in the event that it was necessary to take over.

Floete was a great musician and patron of the arts and organised all the royal entertainment and education.
He was kind of like a minister of culture.

While he was traveling to Worms, Siegfried stopped and rested by the river.

He caught some fish and he made a fire to cook them.

Suddenly a dragon attacked him.

He pulled out his sword and he slew the dragon. He killed it.

When he killed the dragon, some of its blood splashed on him. It was magic blood. Dragon’s blood is magic.

The blood of the dragon enabled Siegfried to understand the language of the birds and beasts.

It is another famous story about a man who could understand the language of the birds and the beasts.
Siegfried could understand what the birds were saying.

One of the birds in a nearby tree told him to hang the dragon’s body from the tree and drain its blood.

Then he was supposed to wash in the blood.

Washing in dragon blood made him invincible. No weapon could harm him.

When he was washing in the blood of the dragon, a leaf from a linden tree floated down from the tree and fell on Siegfried’s back. No dragon blood fell on this place and so this was his weak spot. It was his “Achilles heel”.

In German the linden tree is symbolic of lovers and of matters of the heart.

Siegfried continued on his journey to Worms and the news of his victory over the dragon traveled faster than he did. By the time he arrived in Worms, people had already heard that he had killed the dragon and washed in its blood.

Hagen was very dishonest but many people did not know this. They did not know this because Hagen was clever. He was clever and he was careful. He was careful to pay attention to people in power. He was careful to remain on very good terms with them. He was careful not to make enemies in high places.

In Worms there was a man called Hagen. He was a bad egg. He couldn’t lie straight in bed at night. He had a crooked smile and a crooked nature. He was a slimy scheming crooked character.

Hagen was an advisor to King Gunther.

Hagen had heard the story of Siegfried and the dragon’s blood. He remembered it well.

Everybody loved Siegfried. He was extremely popular with the common people everywhere. This made him very very powerful.
It made him politically dangerous.
Hagen was a very political man.
He was very ambitious and he wanted power
He was very ambitious and he wanted power but he could not get it by fighting
He was very ambitious and he wanted power but he could not get it by fighting because he was not strong enough.
He was very ambitious and he wanted power but he could not get it by fighting because he was not strong enough so he tried to get more power by scheming and negotiating.
He was very ambitious and he wanted power but he could not get it by fighting because he was not strong enough so he tried to get more power by scheming and negotiating and playing people against each other.

Hagen told King Gunther about Siegfried and the dragon’s blood. Was Gunther jealous? He warned him about Siegfried’s power. He warned him to hide his sister. Kriemhild stayed in the tower.

Kriemhild stayed in the tower and watched Siegfried arrive.
Kriemhild stayed in the tower and watched Siegfried arrive but she did not want to meet him.
Kriemhild stayed in the tower and watched Siegfried arrive but she did not want to meet him because she did not want to break her vow.

Siegfried wanted to meet Kriemhild but nobody offered to introduce him. Everybody was a little afraid of Siegfried. Suddenly there was some bad news. Another tribe of Germans was attacking.

They were the Saxons.

Siegfried helped Gunther to defeat the Saxons. They became friends.

The Questions with Tenses

1. Are there worms in your garden?

Are you a keen gardener?

Is it normal to ask the father for the bride’s hand in your culture?

Do you have an elder sibling?

Do you try to educate yourself?

Do you think cultural assets should be protected by the government?

Have you ever been to the Rhine?

Did he use worms as bait to catch the fish?

What is the difference between a Chinese dragon and a European dragon?

Have you ever killed an animal?

Did you know that dragon’s blood was magic?

Do you know the story of Doctor Dolittle?

Can you whistle like a bird?

Does that sound horrible to you?

Do you wash your hands after you go to the toilet?

Are weapons common in your city?

What was Duryodhana’s weak spot in the Mahabharata?

What is the flower of the heart in your imagination?

Did the birds spread the news of the dragon’s defeat and Siegfried’s invincibility?

Do you know anybody like that?

What is the name of the King of Sweden?

Do you have a good memory?

Do you think power always corrupts?

Is politics a dangerous business in your country?

Do you know the expression, “divide and conquer”?

Do you always keep your promises?

Have you been to Germany?

Who are the Anglo-Saxons?

Is your best friend a friend from military service?


The Story of Siegfried the Dragon Slayer and of his Beautiful Wife, Kriemhild and of his Tragic Murder and of her Terrible Revenge

Title Page
1. Nibelung’s Gold
2. Siegfried the Dragon Slayer
3. Kriemhild’s Dream
4. Siegfried’s Trip to Worms
5. The Plan to win the Hand of Bruenhild
6. Bruenhild’s Suspicion
7. Hagen’s Plan
8. Kriemhild’s Revenge
9. Epilogue : The Gold at the Bottom of the River and the Ring of Power

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