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1. The Homeless Man in the Park (past and present)
It was a very cold day. Was it cloudy? There was snow on the ground. Was it fresh snow? A young man was on a park bench. Was it a wooden bench? The man was homeless. Where is your home? The man shivered. Did his teeth chatter?
The man stood up. Did he have long legs? He walked around. Do you like walking? Walking made him warm. Are you warm? The man walked across the park. Was there a fountain in the park? It was a large park. There was a pond in the park. Was it round? It was frozen. Was the ice thick or thin?
The man walked to the pond. Are you a fast walker? He looked at the ice. Do you eat ice cream? He stepped onto the ice. Was it slippery? He walked across the ice. Can you skate?
The wind blew. Is the sky blue today? The man shivered again. He went back to the park bench. How many benches were there in the park? He sat down on the bench. He rested. He looked at the trees. How many trees were there in the park?
The trees did not have any leaves. What time did you leave home this morning?
The man stood up again. He crossed the park and stood at the entrance. Was there a gate? The man left the park and walked through the streets of the city. Were there many people in the street?
The man was hungry. Did you have breakfast? He was very hungry. Are you hungry? The man rubbed his stomach. Was it fat? He shivered again. What did you have for breakfast?
The man felt in his pockets. How many pockets do you have? There was no money in his pockets. Are there any holes in your pockets? The man was penniless. Are you broke? The man was cold and hungry and he did not have a penny to his name. Do you have a lot of money on you?
The man walked past a shop. He looked in the window. There was cheese in the window. Do you eat a lot of cheese? The man looked at the cheese. Do you prefer white cheese or yellow cheese?
The wind blew more and the man shivered again. His stomach began to ache. Do you have a headache? The man continued to walk. Walking made him warm. He passed another shop. It was a second hand shop. Do you work in a shop?
The man looked at his clothes. Do you own a lot of clothes? The man’s clothes were old. Were they dirty? He had a waistcoat. It was wool. Do you prefer cotton or wool? The waistcoat was very warm.
The man took off his waistcoat. What colour was it? It had two small pockets. How many buttons did it have? He put it back on. He took it off again. He looked at it. Did it have sleeves?
2. The Second Hand Shop (past and present)
It was a bitterly cold day. There was a man in the street. What is the name of your street? He was cold and hungry and homeless. Was he wearing socks? The man was wearing a waistcoat. Are you wearing clean clothes? A waistcoat is a type of vest. Does a waistcoat have sleeves?
The man took off his waistcoat. Do you waste food? He went into the second hand shop. Do you buy second hand things? He looked at the second hand dealer. What is the difference between new and used? The second hand dealer was wearing a white shirt and a tie. Was he wearing glasses? The shop was full of people. How many of them were women?
The homeless man looked at the things in the shop. Were there any waistcoats? He waited until the other people left the shop. Some more people came in. Were they wearing warm coats? It was a very busy shop. Are you busy tonight? Finally the second hand dealer looked at the homeless man. Did he smile? The homeless man held up his waistcoat. He said: “How much for this?” Was he embarrassed?
The second hand dealer said “Two”. Which currency does your country use? The homeless man said: “It is thick wool.” The second hand dealer looked at the waistcoat. He said: “It is old.” Was he a shrewd businessman? The homeless man said: “It is old, but it is very good quality. I don’t really need it but I do want a good price for it.” Was the homeless man ashamed of his poverty?
The second hand dealer felt sorry for the homeless man. He offered him two and a half. Does your country have two currencies? The homeless man pawned his waistcoat. What colour was it? He took the two and a half. Were they notes or coins? He thanked the second hand dealer and he left the shop. Was the street full of people? It was snowing. Was the wind blowing? The man walked back along the street to the grocery store. Was it a large shop? He went in. Was the grocer wearing an apron?
The homeless man looked at the bread. How many types of bread were there? He selected a loaf of rye bread. Do you prefer rye bread or white bread? He looked at the cheese. How many types of cheese were there? He bought a small piece of cheese. How much did it weigh? Then he looked at the fruit. There were apples and pears and peaches. The man selected an apple. Was it a red apple or a green apple?
The man took his groceries to the counter. Was it a wooden counter? The grocer added up the bill. Did he do it in his head or did he use a pen and paper? The man paid his bill, then he left the shop. He walked quickly to the park. His usual bench was full. There were two men on the bench. Were they wearing heavy coats? There was nowhere to sit. All the benches were full. Do you sometimes eat in the park? It was snowing but it was not snowing heavily. Was the wind blowing? A policeman came. He looked at the homeless man. Is it against the law to be homeless?
3. The Policeman (past and present)
A homeless man was standing in the park. Was it a public park? He was standing under a tree. Do you like to climb trees? It was winter. Were there any leaves on the tree?
A policeman was looking at the homeless man. Was the policeman wearing a helmet or a cap? The policeman was wearing a uniform. Were there brass buttons on the uniform?
The homeless man was standing under a tree. Was he wearing a waistcoat? He was holding a paper bag. There was food in the bag. What exactly was in the bag? The homeless man was very hungry but he did not eat. Was he afraid of the policeman? The policeman walked towards the homeless man. The homeless man was not wearing a hat. Was he wearing a scarf? The policeman stopped in front of the homeless man. He spoke to him. What did he say? The homeless man answered the policeman. What did he say?
The policeman said: “What is in the bag?” Did the homeless man have a receipt for his purchases? The policeman took the bag. Was he polite? He opened it. Did he tear it? He looked inside.
The policeman did not like vagrants. A vagrant is a homeless person. Are all vagrants thieves? The homeless man was not a thief. Are all homeless people criminals? The homeless man was unemployed. Do you have a job? The policeman told the homeless man to move on. Is it difficult to move a piano? The homeless man left the park. Do you eat lunch in the park? He took his bag of food with him. Do you prefer teabags or loose leaf tea? He walked through the streets. He was very hungry but he was afraid of the policeman. Was he cold? He walked through the streets. Did the people stare at him or look away?
Finally he came to a square. Was it large? There was a fountain in the middle of the square. Were there any statues? There was no water in the fountain. Are you thirsty? It was winter. Is there snow in winter in your hometown? Everything was frozen. What do you call frozen water? The man sat by the fountain. Was it cold? He took out the bread and cheese. Was the bread fresh? He took a bite of bread then he took a bite of cheese. Did it taste good? The man chewed his food slowly. Do you chew your food carefully when you eat? He swallowed the bread and cheese then he took a bite of the apple. What is your favourite fruit?
The man ate half of the bread and he ate half of the cheese. What kind of bread was it? He ate the whole apple. What kind of apple was it? After his meal the man wrapped the rest of the food in paper. He put it in his pocket. Was there a hole in his pocket? Then he walked back to the park. How long did it take to get from the fountain to the park? The policeman was not in the park. Was he at home or at the station? The man’s favourite bench was vacant. It was safe to sit. He sat down and relaxed. He began to think. He was a philosopher. He was a philosophy student at the university but he was also homeless. Are you a philosopher?
4. The Homeless Philosophy Student (past prefect)
It was a cold winter day in the park. Is there a park near your house? A young philosophy student was sitting on a bench. Was Socrates a philosopher? The young man was thinking about life. Is Plato still alive? Suddenly the young guy had a great idea. Do you often have good ideas? He wanted to write his idea down. Have you ever written an idea down? He wanted to write his idea down but he needed a pencil and some paper. Do you have a pencil and some paper in your bag?
The young man put his hand in his pocket. How many pockets are there in your coat? There was a paper bag in his pocket. What is in your pockets? The bag contained bread and cheese. Do you prefer Parmesan or Mozarella? The young man took the bag out of his pocket. Do you bring your lunch to school in a paper bag? He took the bread and cheese out of the bag. He put the food on the bench. Do you sometimes eat on a bench in the park? Then he smoothed the paper out. Was it brown paper or white paper? He looked for a pencil. He had a pencil in his waistcoat. Do you own a waistcoat? It was just a stub of a pencil. It was not very long. It was not very long but it was enough. It could write. Have you ever written a formal letter of complaint in English? He patted his pockets. He looked for the pencil again. Are you looking for a job? He could not feel it. He looked down at his chest. He was not wearing his waistcoat. Suddenly he remembered. He had pawned his waistcoat. He had sold it to the second hand dealer. He had received two and a half for the waistcoat. He had received two and a half for the waistcoat and he had bought some bread and some cheese and an apple. Had he eaten the apple? Had he eaten all of the bread? How much of the cheese had he eaten?
The young man stood up. He had eaten and now he was full and he wanted to write down his philosophical idea. He wanted to write it down but he could not write it down because he did not have a pencil. He had some paper but he did not have a pencil. He had left the pencil in the pocket of his waistcoat. Have you ever left money in your pocket and washed your clothes?
The young man walked towards the second hand shop. Does your father own a shop? He wanted to go into the shop and get the pencil. He had sold the waistcoat but he had not sold the pencil. He had not intended to sell the pencil. He had only left it in the pocket by mistake.
The man arrived at the second hand shop. It was still open. He went inside. He looked at the second hand dealer. Did the second hand dealer smile at him? He opened his mouth to speak. Suddenly he was embarrassed. He was terribly embarrassed. Do you get embarrassed sometimes? The young homeless philosophy student was tongue-tied. He wanted to ask for his pencil but he could not. He was too embarrassed to ask for it. He was too embarrassed to ask for the pencil. Have you ever been really embarrassed?
The young man rushed out of the shop. He ran through the street. He ran back to the park. He found his usual bench. Was somebody sitting on the bench?
5. The Young Woman and the Pencil Stub (past perfect)
It was a freezing cold day in the city. Have you been to Europe? A young man was pacing up and down. He was thinking. Do you pace up and own when you are thinking? He was walking up and down because he was cold but he was also walking up and down because he was thinking. Are you able to think in English?
The young man was trying to think of a way to get his pencil back. He had sold his waistcoat to a second hand dealer but he had left his pencil in the pocket of his waistcoat? Have you ever sold your old clothes? He had bought some food with the money from the second hand shop and he had eaten half of the food and he had some paper from the food wrapping but he did not have a pencil. He had had a pencil but he did not have it any more. Why did he need a pencil?
The man was trying to think of a way to get his pencil back. He did not want to ask for it directly because he was too embarrassed. The pencil was just a stub. It was of no value to anybody else. Which is more valuable, a kilo of silver or a kilo of gold? It was of great value to him because he wanted to write down a philosophical idea. Do you have a philosophical temperament? He had had a wonderful philosophical idea and he wanted to write it down but he did not have a pencil to write with.
The young man was pacing back and forth in front of the second hand shop but he was too embarrassed to go in. Was the shop full of customers? Suddenly a young woman came out of the shop. She was carrying a waistcoat. It was the young man’s waistcoat. It was wrapped in a piece of paper but the man could see the top of it. He recognized it. It was his waistcoat. It was actually not his waistcoat. It had been his waistcoat. It had been his waistcoat but he had pawned it and now it belonged to somebody else. The second hand dealer had sold it and it belonged to the young woman. Did the young woman intend to give the waistcoat to her father as a present?
The young woman walked through the street. The young philosophical young man followed her. Did she notice him? The young man wanted to speak to her but he was too shy. He wanted to ask her for the pencil but he was too shy. Are you a shy person?
The young woman was very beautiful. Are butterflies more beautiful than caterpillars? She was wearing a long dress and a pair of boots. Was she wearing a long coat? She had long blonde hair and her hair was in plaits. Do you wear your hair in plaits sometimes? Did the woman have a scarf on her head?
The young man followed the young woman to her house. What colour was the front door of the house? She lived in a big house about ten minutes away. Do you live far away from here? She walked in the front door and she closed it behind her. The young man stood across the street from the house and he stared at the front door. He had had a philosophical idea but he had forgotten it. Have you ever had a philosophical idea? He thought about the woman. What is the difference between a thought and a feeling?
6. The Young Man in the Street (past perfect)
A homeless young philosophy student was standing in the street. He was wearing a coat but he was not wearing a waistcoat. He had had a waistcoat but he had sold it. He did not own it anymore. Somebody else owned it. Do you own a formal suit?
The young man had bought some bread and cheese but he had eaten it. Have you had lunch? The young man looked up at the house across the street. He looked at the window. There was a woman in the window. She looked down at the street. She looked at the young man. Had she ever seen him before? The man looked up at her. He thought she was very beautiful. Are yellow leaves beautiful?
The young man had had a philosophical idea but he had forgotten it. Do you have a good memory? He had not written down his idea and he had forgotten it. Have you ever forgotten something really important? The young man could only think about the woman.
Suddenly a man came out of the house. He was wearing a waistcoat. It was the waistcoat that the young philosopher had sold to the second hand shop. It was the same one. It was a second hand waistcoat. Do you wear second hand clothes? The man in the waistcoat walked through the street. Did he look at the homeless man?
The homeless man suddenly remembered his pencil. Was it a good quality pencil? He remembered his pencil and then he remembered his philosophical idea. Have you ever studied philosophy? It was a beautiful idea. Is beauty important? It was a clever idea. Are ideas important? The man was very proud of it. Is pride a good thing? He wanted to write it down. Are you feeling down? He wanted to write it down and he had a piece of paper but he did not have a pencil. Do you usually use a pencil or a pen? He followed the man in the waistcoat. Was he a fast walker? His pencil was in the pocket of the waistcoat so he followed the man. Have you ever followed a stranger in the street? He wanted to ask the man in the waistcoat for the pencil. He wanted to ask him but he was too embarrassed. The pencil had no value. Do ideas have any value? The pencil had no value and he had sold it. As he thought about this, he forgot his philosophical idea.
The man in the waistcoat went to the market. He disappeared in a crowd. Do you prefer to be alone or in a crowd? The homeless young philosophy student lost sight of the man in the waistcoat. He forgot his idea. He forgot about the pencil. We walked aimlessly through the street. He was cold and tired and hungry. Which is worse, cold or tiredness or hunger?
The philosophical young homeless man wandered through the street. He was lost. He wandered aimlessly. Have you ever been lost in a strange city?
Suddenly he felt a hand on his shoulder. It was the hand of another man. It was the hand of a friend. Who was it?
7. The Benefactor and the Love Story
A young homeless man was standing in the street. He was down on his luck. He was feeling down on his luck. Are you feeling down on your luck? Suddenly he felt a hand on his shoulder. Does your father have broad shoulders? It was a firm hand. Do you have a firm handshake? It was the hand of a friend.
The young man looked up. He looked into the face of another man. Is the world full of faceless men? The young man looked into the face of a kind man. It was the face of the man in the waistcoat. The young man had sold his waistcoat and this man’s daughter had bought the waistcoat and now this older man was wearing the waistcoat and he was asking the young philosopher if he needed help. Have you ever helped a complete stranger?
The young man told the older man about the pencil. The older man asked the younger man why he needed a pencil. The younger man told the older man about the philosophical idea. Did he say that he wanted to write it down? The older man listened to the idea. Is communism a good idea? The older man liked the idea. He invited the younger man to his house. Was it a five-storey house? He took him into the kitchen. Did the kitchen have a bread oven? He gave him bread and ham and milk. Was the milk from a cow or a goat? He listened to him. Did he ask him about the philosophical idea? Then he gave him a job. Do you have a job at the moment? He gave him a job as a wood-cutter. Have you ever chopped wood with an axe? Then he gave him a place to sleep in a small room near the kitchen. Have you ever worked as a kitchen hand?
The older man slept upstairs with his family but the servants slept downstairs. How many servants were there in the house? The daughter of the older man was very beautiful. She had long blonde hair and gorgeous blue eyes. She was a student. Was she in the first year of her studies? She was studying education. Was she planning to become a high school teacher?
The young woman’s father was a public servant. Is your father a civil servant? He worked for the Ministry of Education. Who is the Minister for Education in your country? The woman’s father was an assistant to the Minister of Education. He was passionate about education. Can education solve most of the problems in the world?
The man wanted to help the young homeless philosophy student. He wanted to find him a good job.
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