|at Tmuna Fish|
In many countries we give presents or gifts to people at Christmas and on birthdays but not in all countries. In Japan we sometimes give gifts to mark the season. In Vietnam the birthday is not such an important day. In some countries they give presents at Easter.[audio:situation.mp3]
What is the situation in your country?
We talk about past, present and future to describe time. This is a very important concept in the English language because all sentences have a verb and all verbs have a tense. Tense means “time” in this context but it has other meanings too.
Attendance and Absence – The School Roll
present – absent
here – away
“Present” can also mean mentally focused. We use the expression:
The lights are on but nobody is home.
to describe somebody who is stupid or preoccupied or not mentally present.
As a verb or action we use the word “present” to mean “introduce”. It is a formal and unusual way of speaking.
Are you a French speaker?
Present and Represent
If we add the prefix “re” to “present” we get “represent”. This is an important and interesting word. It has several nuances.
We usually say that “re” means “back or again”
do – redo – do again
build – rebuild – build again or renew or renovate
“Represent” does not usually mean “present again”. Look how we use it:
The politician who represents my electorate in parliament is a woman.
Are there many female political representatives in your country?[audio:situation.mp3]
Do you know his name?
What do you know about him?
Answer like this:
Talking about Words
That statement does not accurately represent my views.
It does not fully describe what I think.
Talking about a Situation
That means a government official either lied about my situation or made a mistake.
Are there many corrupt government officials in your country?
In law, “fraud” is distinguished from “misrepresentation”. Misrepresentation is a situation where the words do not truthfully or accurately describe the facts. Fraud is a deliberate misrepresentation with the intent to gain a benefit.
This is fraud.
Write your answer in the comments section below.