The Grammar Page

Golden Ceiling
at M J M

Are you interested in grammar?

Do you think grammar is interesting?

[audio:interesting.mp3]

Write and tell us what you think about it in the comments section below.

Link to an overview of the tenses

Interested

Look at the two forms: “interested” and “interesting”.

We always say: “Are you interested in grammar?”

We never say “Are you interesting in grammar?”

Interesting

We always say “Grammar is interesting.”

We never say: “Grammar is interested.”

Grammar Questions

Do you like talking about grammar?

Do you have any grammar questions?

Students

You can write grammar questions in the comments section below like this:

What is the difference between “interested” and “interesting” in the sentences “Are you interested?” and “It is interesting.”?

Teachers

You can answer grammar question in the “comments” section like this:

“Interesting” and “interested” are both adjectives which were formed from verbs.

“Interested” is the past participle” and we use it like a passive form: “I am interested in languages”, to describe our feeling.

“Interesting” is the present participle and we use it like a present continuous tense sentence to describe the effect something has on people: “Languages are interesting.”

Students and Teachers

– What is the difference between a student and a teacher?

Time. It is only time.

Comparative Grammar

Are you interested in comparative grammar?

In some languages like German and Dutch the grammar is similar.

In some languages like Chinese and Japanese, the grammar is very different.

Which languages have you studied?

Did you study the grammar or just learn to speak?

How did you learn?

Did you learn to write?

Tell us about your experience. write your answer in the comments section below.

Grammar is Music

[audio:grammar is music.mp3]

Download audio file (grammar is music.mp3)

To read the transcript, follow this link: Grammar is Music

Conversation Topics

You can write your grammar questions or thoughts and ideas in the comments section below or talk about grammar directly on the English Conversation Page or talk about it in in any language on the the Live Language Linkup page.

Skype

Skype is a free internet telephone service.

Have you ever used Skype?
Do you know how to use Skype?

To use Skype, go to the Skype page and download the free software.

Audacity

Audacity is free audio recording software.

Did you use Audacity?
Do you know how to use Audacity?

To use Audacity, go to the Audacity page and download the free software.

You can use Audacity to record your voice and make an mp3 file then you can send it to your language exchange partner (hint: Use Senduit for large files).

World English Course

There are lots of things you can learn in the World English Course. There is a place where you can talk about work and there is also a place where you can find a job and a place where you can find staff. There is a place where you can have fun and there is a place where you can talk about food or family. There is also a place where you can talk about money or love or philosophy. You can study anything you want anytime you want. You can do it once a week or every day or any time you like. Have fun! Work hard! Tell your friends and family members! Enjoy!

Links

Understanding Grammar

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    ???????????? ????????? Nike – ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????. ????????? ???????? ????????? Nike, ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????????, ??????????? ? ???????, ???????? ?? ??????????. ????? ????? ?????, ??????? ????? ?????????? ???????, ???????? ????????? Nike. ?? ?????? ???????????? ???, ??? ???? ????? ????? ? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? Nike.

    ?? [url=https://nike-rus.ru/]???? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????[/url] ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????. ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????. ????? ?????????? ? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ????????? Nike Air Jordan 1, ??????? ????????? Nike Air More. ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? Nike, ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ? ?????? ????? ????. ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????, ?????? ??????. ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????.

    ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? Nike Air Force 1 mid 07. ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????, ????????? ? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????.

    ???? ? ??? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?. ??????, ??. ?????????, ??? 10 ? ??????? ????????? ??????????????, ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????. ???????? ?? ????? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? +7(495)532-56-28, ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ? ??????? ????. ???? ?? ???????, ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?? ???, ???????? ????? ?? ???????. ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ? ??????? ????????? ????? MasterCard ??? Visa. ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ????? Qiwi ??? LiqPay. ?????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????, ????? ????? ?????????? ??. ????? ????? ????? ????????.

    ?? [url=https://nike-rus.ru/]???? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????????[/url] ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????, ?????????? ??????. ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???. ?????????? ????????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????????. ???? ??? ?? ???? ????????? Nike, ??????????? ?????????? ??????, ?? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???????, ???????? ????????? Nike ????? ?? ?????.

    ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????????, ? ??? ????? ? ?????????? ????????. ????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????. ????? ??????? ???????, ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????.

    ???? ????????, ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? online. ???? ?? ?????????? ??????, ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?????????, ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ? ???????? ??????, ???????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????????.

  120. Asad Yaxye Maxamed says:

    How I can improve my English conversation and grammar

  121. Yesufwork Girma says:

    Structure and Written Expression is very difficult for me, pls. explain and give example.
    Thank you for your help.

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  123. Answer the following questions
    1. Who is your headmaster.
    2.when does your school sit
    3.how many pupils are there in your class.
    4 how many fingers have you
    5. What is the name of your village?

  124. Muhammad Irfan says:

    Hi All,

    I am going to give my IELTS and i want to evaluate my skills before examination, does any one help me out please?

    Thanks very much.

  125. rodelio hernandez says:

    I want to improve my English language and I want to talk to anyone in order to practice my English as well

  126. ADELINA says:

    It´s very useful for me and I think it is a way to learn how to pronunce the words
    and I can correct my mistake when I speak thank you very much, have good days and Lord always watch over you.

  127. ADELINA says:

    It´s very useful for me and I think it is a way to learn how to pronunce the words
    and I can correct my mistake when I speak thank you very much, have good days and Lord always are with you.

  128. Iman Lama says:

    Hello friends,
    I want to improve my speaking language English but I don’t have any friends talk to English. I´m from Nepal and I´m very interested in finding a speaking partner for regular conversations. My Skype name is deurali.lama – contact me and the both of us with improve our language
    see u bye

  129. Ildiko says:

    Hi ! Tell me, please, which one is the correct expression, and give a short explanation if it is possible :
    1. I had not expected you today.
    2.I didn’t expect you.
    3.I wasn’t expecting you.
    Thanks a lot !

  130. Mark White says:

    Have you tried talking to yourself?

    Read about it at this link by the famous country and western singer Rube Hayworth.

    http://englishconversations.org/lessons/english-conversation-course/talk-to-yourself/

  131. Huda says:

    Hi;
    I’d like to talk about my problem with English language
    when I hear news or anyone speak English I can understand 80%.Addition when I read it
    but my real problem I can’t speak English very well maybe I don’t have foreign friends to talk with him.
    please give me your advice and help me.

    • Mark White says:

      Hi Huda

      That is strange but many people complain of the same thing. They can understand but they cannot speak freely or naturally or fluently. I think that it it may be a self-confidence problem with many people.

      When I speak another language which is not my own, I have less self-confidence because I have a less developed ability to express myself.

      Talking is the best cure. But remember to listen too!

  132. Naik says:

    Dear Pedro, I am again asking you Please answer my question as a kind teacher,

    I uasually faced problems as!!

    what is the differnce bettwen (Had, Have, Has)?
    what is the differance between (Had been, Have been, Has been)
    or Had been with Have been / Had with had been / have with have been / has with has been

    thanks in advance

  133. Naik says:

    As for each language grammar is a key for language, so I really need and like in the same time grammar as well.

  134. Naik says:

    As Grammar is a key for a language so I really need and like grammar.

  135. Dear Friends,
    I want to improve my english some one like to talk to with me please add me on your Skype ,my skype name is Lahiru.7

    All the best.

    Lahiru

  136. agt. says:

    Hello Pedro, I would like to know how I could to learn English; I did not have any practice,because almost what I know has been learnt on Internet. What should I do?
    I wil appreciate your advice. Thank you.

    • Edna Constant says:

      Me too, I have the same problem, many position I failed on are cause for not speaking English fluently….

  137. Rahma Hussein says:

    Hello
    Iam greeting all of the people Who used in this website
    really Iam very glad to sent some problem faced in english language,

  138. manvirkaur says:

    hello friends. i have just joined it. i have gone through all the conversations and i really appreciate Sir Pedro for his help.Pedro will u please help to make me out the differences between i) may and might ii) may have and might have. i know very little about their use.please teach me how to use them perfectly in ur way.
    waiting for ur reply.

  139. Satria Madangkara says:

    dear Pedro,
    i really confuse, about the words: live, life, leave, and left. how to use them?
    please tell me…!
    thanks!
    satria

  140. Najah Slama says:

    I want to ask you about I have vocabulary , but I need to help Haw I use grammar in sentences

  141. Pedro says:

    Hello, grammar freaks.
    How are you today?
    Today’s Valentine’s Day in America and in Canada, I guess.
    It’s the day you tell the people you love that you love them.
    Your spouse, your sibbling, your in-laws, your teachers, everybody.
    I’d like to say “I love you” to my deceased parents who taught me how to treat people with respect and how to succeed in life. I wanna say “I love you” to my brothe ansd sisters who sponsored my English course. Thanks to that sponsorship, I am the owner of an English course here in Brazil.
    And, I wanna say “I love you” to the creators of this wonderful page which gives the chance to meet people from all around the world.
    Love,
    Pedro

  142. nahazatul says:

    hi pedro,
    it’s me again….i ‘d ike you to explain about adverbial phrases and give some example.your explaination is very helpful,tq for your kindness.

  143. nahazatul says:

    HI PEDRO,
    thank you for sharing your great story about your students, i really envy to be an enthuasiastic teacherlike you…but i’m still in the process of learning especially in using ‘expressions’.Do you think to sound like native speakers we have to imitate them,can we teach our student that way for two hours in a week

  144. Pedro says:

    Hello, Nahzatul.
    Yeah, it’s a bit of a dilema for myself, too. Teach grammar or let them “feel” it. Out of my 27 years studying English and 16 years of teaching it, I don’t think students “feel” the grammar.
    In my opinion for one to “feel” the grammar you have to live in an environment in which that particular grammar is being used. Which is not the case here in Brazil. Especially for my students who live in a small city. For them, to have a contact with a native speaker is very, very, very rare.
    The come to my school and study English for two hours and a half per month and listen to Portuguese 24/7.
    I consider them HEROES. If you travel abroad and do nothing but studying English in a 24/7 English environment- it’s your obligation to speak English. It’s unacceptable to come back home with a fair English. Your English must be native-like. My students manage to do so, without ever going abroad. I am so freaking proud of them.
    Some things that I’ve noticed:
    -Stressed syllable is very important for a native speaker.
    – vowel sounds are very important, too. The difference between (bitch and beach/ between bed and bad/ between full and fool, basically the vowel sounds.
    Well, that’s it. My heroes are back today after a long vacation. I have to set the school for a nice and warm welcoming.
    Pedro

  145. nahazatul says:

    thank you for your explaination….i really appreciate it. As English teacher in my country,sometimes i need to explain the rules,in my case, it seems the students have to memorise the rules and understand the conjugation.

  146. Pedro says:

    Hello, Nahazatul.
    can u explain why we put subject I as plural noun? This one I don’t understand.
    This is gonna be a long shot but, here we go. Are you talking about the fact that we say I go(the same form for plural) and we say he goes (singular)?
    If it is, well, it’s not plural. Think like this: I use “go” with all the pronouns. The wierdos are “he, she and it”. With them I have to use “goes”.

    the word requirement…can i say in plural word requirements because i think requirement is in thesame qroup of information but it remain same spelling for plural word.
    Nope. Requirement and information don’t have the same classification. Requirement is a countable noun, that it, you can use “s” to make its plural, whereas, information is an uncountable noun, that is, you can never use “s” to make its plural.
    Other words that are classifies like information are:advice, equipment, music, milk, tea, coffee etc.
    To make them plural we have to use words like:Pieces of information, chucks of bread, cups of milk and others.
    I hope I could help you,
    Pedro

  147. nahazatul says:

    hi pedro,
    can u explain why we put subject I as plural noun?
    the word requirement…can i say in plural word requirements because i think requirement is in thesame qroup of information but it remain same spelling for plural word..

  148. Ildiko says:

    Hello,
    I found some stuff about the expressions ” TO ME” and ” FOR ME”, so I would like to share it with the others.
    1.When you say someone did something TO you, it means the person did something bad to you.Ex.: Stop doing this TO me!
    If someone does FOR you, it means the person is doing something nice. Ex.:Thanks for doing this FOR me!
    2.TO me, golf is a pointless game.(Or: FOR me golf is a pointless game.) These have the same meaning.
    3.It is pointless FOR me to continue this discussion= I have no good reason to continue talking.
    It is pointless TO me to continue this discussion=It seems to me that there is no good reason for anyone to continue talking.
    4.They baked her a cake=They baked a cake FOR her.( They made a cake FOR her benefit.)
    He bought me a book.= He bought a book FOR me, FOR my benefit.
    5.She sent me a letter.= She sent a letter TO me.
    They stole him the car.= They stole the car FOR him.( They stole the car and gave it to him. This does not mean ” They stole his car.”)
    Basically, you have to figure out whether something bad was done TO someone, or FOR his benefit.(FOR him).If something is going in someone’s direction, (being, sent, given…)then you need the preposition “TO” Best wishes!

  149. Ildiko says:

    Hello,
    1. I found some stuff about the expressions ” TO ME” and ” FOR ME”, so I would like to share it with the others.
    When you say someone did something TO you, it means the person did something bad to you.Ex.: Stop doing this TO me!
    If someone does FOR you, it means the person is doing something nice. Ex.:Thanks for doing this FOR me!
    2.TO me, golf is a pointless game.(Or: FOR me golf is a pointless game.) These have the same meaning.
    3.It is pointless FOR me to continue this discussion= I have no good reason to continue talking.
    It is pointless TO me to continue this discussion=It seems to me that there is no good reason for anyone to continue talking.
    4.They baked her a cake=They baked a cake FOR her.( They made a cake FOR her benefit.)
    He bought me a book.= He bought a book FOR me, FOR my benefit.
    5.She sent me a letter.= She sent a letter TO me.
    They stole him the car.= They stole the car FOR him.( They stole the car and gave it to him. This does not mean ” They stole his car.”)
    Basically, you have to figure out whether something bad was done TO someone, or FOR his benefit.(FOR him).

    my benefit.

  150. Pedro says:

    Hello, Lldiko.
    Good question.
    I’ve talked to some Americans about this and most of them don’t know the answer. They said, “Use your feeling”.
    Some teachers say that:
    when you make a cake TO me, you’ll make it and give it to me.
    When you make a cake FOR me, it’s because I asked you to make it. I don’t know ho to make a cake. You’ll do in in my place.
    I guess I don’t have to tell you that when these two prepositions are followed by verbs some rules are applied, right?
    After FOR, use the verb in the -ING form.
    I use the internet for reading my e-mails.
    Be careful with TO, though. It might be a preposition or the infinitive of a verb.
    When it is a preposition use the verb in the -ING form.
    I’m looking forward TO hearING from you.
    When it is the infinitive of a verb, use the bare form of the verb.
    I want TO GO(infinitive) to the beach tomorrow.
    I need to have dinner with my mother tonight.
    About the TO and the FOR, sorry I just repeat what I listen.Maybe a native speaker could help us.
    Pedro.

  151. Ildiko says:

    Hello,
    My question is: what is the difference between FOR and TO? Is there a rule for using these words?
    Ex.: It’s useful FOR me, or TO me?
    Is there any mail FOR me or TO me? Thank’s a lot, have a nice day!

  152. Pedro says:

    Hello, Sk.
    The long form for wanna is want to and the long form for gonna is going to.
    Americans used wanna and gonna.
    This is considered substandart English. That is, DO NOT use it in a formal letter or e-mail. Use it with friends and people you have been in contact with for a long time.
    About the more formal letter addressing, I guess I could benefit from you, Sk. Seriously, I have no information about formal letters. When I write something formal I use at the beginning: Dear, sir or Madam
    And at the end
    My best regards. That is my formal English in letters.
    I could say that do not use contractions in formal letters. That’s it. That’s all I know.
    Pedro

  153. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hi Pedro! what are the full forms of wanna, gonna which are frequently used by the American.

  154. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hi Pedro! this is Sk. Abdullah again.I really appreciate your sentence formation style. Its really attractive. I want to know some sentences used in formal(Official) letters. At the begining we used I would like to inform you that…/ I have the honour to state that…/ I am to state that…and So on.

    At the end we used I shall be highly obliged if you …/ I may kindly be permitted.

    I want to know some more extraordinary sentences from you.

    You may cite some more sentences used in the body of a formal letter which will increase the ornamentation of the letters.

    with best regards

  155. Pedro says:

    Hello, Sk.
    On the sentence, “You are to answer the phone” it is not the verb BE + To. Here the word “supposed” is ommitted.
    The original sentence is
    “You are supposed to answer the phone.
    You can take the word “supposed” out of the sentence. It’s not a grammar mistake. It’s just a faster way to communicate.
    Should = ought to = had better
    All used for suggestions. The difference between them is how serious your suggestion is:
    A suggestion: You should stop smoking.
    A serious suggestion: You ought to stop smoking.
    A warning: You’d better stop smoking.

    Ought to is pronunced Oughta, like wanna and gonna..
    I don’t know if it is American or British English. I just use them.
    Glad I could help.
    Pedro

  156. Ildiko says:

    Hello, Pedro! Answer me, please, on the following questions: 1. Can we use BE+TO instead of WILL? Ex.: ” He is to retire next week.” 2.BE+TO instead of MUST? Ex.: “You are to complete the work in two days.” HAD BETTER instead of SHOULD or OUGHT TO? Ex.:”You had better consult a good doctor.” And if it is a proper English, is it American, or a British version of the English language? Thanks a lot, and please, correct my grammar mistakes! Have a nice day!

  157. Pedro says:

    Hello, Sk.
    AFFIRMATIVE sentences
    Could is used as the past tense of CAN. SOmething was possible.
    I could read when I was 5 years old.
    OFFER something in a more formal way. PRESENT.
    I cpuld fix you a drink if you want.
    MIGHT means “Will probably”. That is, a probability in the future.
    If it is sunny tomorrow I might go to the beach.
    Stop playing with that knife. You might hurt yourself.
    INTERROGATIVE sentences
    Could is used to ask for formal favors.
    Could I park my car in front of your garafge?
    Could you stop smoling, please.
    DON’T USE MIGHT IN QUESTIONS. It’s Shakespeare English. Nobody uses it anymore.
    NEGATIVE sentences
    Could express a negative posiibility.
    I called Mona on her cell , but I couldn’t reach her.
    I couldn’t go to the party last night. My son got sick.
    Might means “probably won’t”.
    If you don’t rush you might not find the tickets for the game.
    DO NOT CONTRACT MIGHT AND NOT.
    I guess that’s it.
    See you around Sk.
    Pedro.

  158. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hi Pedro ! I hope you R fine with your family. Plz give me clear idea about the use of “might” and “Could”.

  159. Pedro says:

    Hello, Sk Abdullah.
    I’d rather say:
    Would you not sit down? In situations like:
    Why would would you not sit down near him?
    Where would you not sit down?
    Though, what I’ve heard the most is:
    Why wouldn’t you sit down near him?
    Where wouldn’t you sit down?
    Remember, Sk. The CONTEXT is very important. Analyzing a sentence or even a word out of a context is dangerous, because I might lead you into some mistakes. Next time, try to tell me a story. When and when you’re trying to use this or that word or sentence.
    Thank you vor the kind words and keep on counting on me. I love to help.
    Pedro

  160. leul says:

    hi every body my name is leul am from ethiopia i neesd to emperove my engelish langouge and if you are intereted welcom “ledyes first”4 me , my e-mail leul2life@yahoo.com

  161. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hi Pedro ! A lot of thanks for removing confusion of the aforesaid problems. I am really greateful to you for your co-operation by exploitation of your valuable time. Kindly tell me Which one is correct 1. Would you not sitdown 2.Would not you sit down.

  162. Pedro says:

    Hello, Sk Abdullah.
    On your example there is a lack of information. Lemme elaborate.
    Imagine a conversation between me and you about a party.
    Situation 1
    It’s Saturday night. You and I are at the party.
    YOU: Hey, Pedro. What about Sue? Has she come to the party?
    ME: No, she hasn’t come yet.
    SITUATION 2
    It’s Sunday. The party was yesterday. You didn’t go to the party.
    YOU: Hey, Pedro. Did Sue go to the party?
    ME: No, she didnt.
    See the difference?
    When I said you should use the PPT when asking questions you don’t know the answer, I meant something like this:
    So, Sk. Have you lived abroad?
    Have you had a dog?
    Have you studied abroad?
    Have you found money on the street?
    Have you been to Italy?
    Have you gone through a surgery?
    See what I mean? I don’t have the answers to these questions. I don’t know you.
    I hope I could help.
    Pedro

  163. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hello Pedro ! How R U ? In your reply U wrote that ‘When you ask a question about the PAST whose answer you don’t know you should use the “have you” structure’. I don’t know wheathere a person come or not. Then which one is correct B/w following two sentences : 1. Did he come ? 2.Has he come ?

  164. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hello Pedro ! How R U ? In your reply U wrote that ‘When you ask a question about the PAST whose answer you don’t know you should use the “have you” structure’. I don’t know wheathere a person come or not. Then which one is correct B/w following two sentences : 1. Did he come ? 2. Have he come ?

  165. Pedro says:

    Hi, Sk Abdullah.
    About “Do you take;have your bath?” I just wouldn’t use the “your”.
    This is an answer I sent to Rozana who had the same questions about the “Did you” and the “Have you”. I hope it helps you, too.
    THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
    Hi, Rozana. Thank you very much for the question. We’re gonna change your opinion about the Present Perfect Tense. Check this out:
    You can use the PPT in three very clear situations:
    1. You talk about something you did in the past BU you DON’T say WHEN you did it.
    I’have been to Rio de Janeiro.(WHEN? It’s not important. Don’t say it)
    My sister has seen the new Tom Cruise movie.
    My parents have bought a house in the mountains.

    2. When something started in the past and continues into the present. Here you will need two special words (FOR and SINCE). FOR is used with quantity of time and SINCE indicates when something started. PAY ATTENTION that I am not using when something HAPPENED, but when something STARTED to happen and I STILL do it or it is STILL true.
    I have lived in Brazil for 40 years.
    I have been a teacher SINCE 1995.
    My brother has worked for FEDEX SINCE last year.STARTED last year and continues unti now)
    I have written this message for 15 minutes. (STARTED 15 minutes ago and continue doing it)

    3. A repeated action in the past. Here you will need to use “THIS” plus a time period that hasn’t finished yet. And you will need an expression that gives you the repeated idea (once, twice, three times, four times, many times, several times, etc.
    These sentences were said on November 2, Tuesday, the Day of the Dead in Brazil.
    I have called my wife twice this week(This week started on Sunday October 30 and ends on Saturday November 6)
    I have been to the movies three times today. (It’s 8:00pm. I went to the movies at 9:00am, 1:00pm and 5pm. today)

    Questions with the PPT.
    When you ask a querstion about the PAST whose anser you don’t know you should use the “have you” structure.
    You look at me and say:
    Hey, Pedro. You live in Brazil. Have you lived in Rio de Janeiro? (do you know the answer? No, you don’t, so use Have you, not, “Did you”.

    Words that are used with the PPT.
    Just – to indicate you finished somethin a little ago.
    I’ve just written a post for the grammar page.
    already and yet
    Affirmative – I have already finsished my homework
    negative – I haven’t finished my homework yet.
    Interrogative
    Have you already done your homework?
    Have you done your homework yet?
    EVER – Any time in your life
    Have you ever seen a camel? At any time of your life, have you seen a camel?
    Well, that’s it.
    I hope I could help.
    Good luck on your test,
    Pedro

    • DHEA says:

      hiiii pedrooo….
      l wanna ask something 2 you about grammar.
      What difference about auxiliary will in the future tense and in present tense
      Thank’s be4…..

  166. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hi Pedro! a lot of thanks for giving clear idea. I will be greatful to you if you correct the following sentences. 1. Do you take your bath? / Do you have your bath? 2. Have you had your lunch ? / Did you take your lunch? 3. No, I have not yet take my bath. I also have a confusion on the use of “Did” & “Have” when used in interogative sentences. Kindly make it clear. Again a lot of thanks 4m across the miles 4m an unknown friend in India.

  167. Pedro says:

    Hello, Sk Abdullah.
    No, I’m not an English native speaker. I’m a simple Brasilian English teacher who happens to love English.
    First let’s take a look at the sentence “would you like” which means, “DO you want”. OKAY? Now, let’s take a look at “would” as a modal verb.
    We use “would” with IF-clauses. We use it to express that we are imagining something. The verb that combines with the “would” is in the “simple past”. e.g.
    If I WERE rich, I would buy a new house.(I’m not rich, so I imagine what I would do if I were rich)
    If I won the lottery, I would travel to Autralia.(I didn’t win the lottery, that’s why I imagine what I would do if I won.)
    You can also invert the sentences.
    I’d take you with me if I went to the beach this weekend.(I’ve already decided not to go to the beach this weekend. Then, I imagine what I would do if I went to the beach)
    SHOULD
    We use should to give affirmative or negative suggestions.
    This is your second pack of cigarettes today. You should stop smoking.
    Your parents are both in the hospital. You should visit them.
    You shouldn’t walk on the edge of that cliff. You might get yourself hurt.
    It’s raining a lot. You shouldn’t go out.
    WE USE SHOULD IN QUESTIONS to ask someone’s opinion.
    I’m losing it here. I can’t decide which dress to wear for my prom: the red one or the green one. Which one do you think I should wear?
    And in FORMA ENGLISH you can use “should” to substitute “IF”.
    Should you have more questions, please, don’t hesitate to send me a message.
    Pedro from Brazil.

  168. Pedro says:

    Hello, Lldiho.
    I hope you know that my heart was in the right place when I corrected you. I listened to an American teacher once say that if you are a good teacher you should correct your students propmtly. I asked him about some research saying that you should wait for the end of the student’s speech so you should correct him, but he said that when the student really wants to learn, he doesn’t mind being corrected.
    I’m glad you understand that.
    Pedro from Brazil

  169. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Hi Pedro! This is Sk. Abdullah 4m India. Pedro plz give me a clear idea about the use of “Should” and “Would” using in Spoken English. Are you a native english speaker ?

  170. Ildiko says:

    Hi, Pedro, thank you for correcting my mistakes! I’ll accept your advice, and will leave the idea about learning sequence of verb tenses.By the way, I really hate study grammar rules, and I also think that’s boring, so in the future, I’ll ask you, and the other members about difficult and confusing questions. Thank you,and have a nice day!

  171. Pedro says:

    Hello, Ildiko.
    First things first.
    I don’t think you mean, “I should like”. Maybe what you meant was, “I would like”.
    Don’t put “s” in stuff.
    Now that we’re clear, let’s see.
    You need to look for it on a gramma book or on sites where you have that boring sequence of verb tenses from which you learn nothing. I’d rather stay here on this web site and learn step by step, like the other guys have been doing.
    That’s what I think you should do.
    For example, verbs like should, could, can, may, might, must, will, would, shall, have and has. Do you know them?
    Why don’t you ask a more specific question?
    I hope I could help you, Ildiko
    Pedro from BR.

  172. Ildiko says:

    Hi, I should like to ask you, where can I find stuffs about sequence of verb tenses? Thanks a lot!

  173. Pedro says:

    Hello, Syed.
    Happy 201 to you and all the other fellas who are hooked to this exciting and informative grammar page.You can call me an ass-kisser, but when I see something done well, I spread it. This page is the case.
    Back to you Syed. How to improve writting? Read. Read. Read. and write. Write about anything you want. Write about personal things, working things, nature, the environment,really, whatever tickles your fancy.
    Then , you come to this page, post the writting and I’ll happily take a look at it, if you want to.
    Glad I could help,
    Pedro.

  174. syed sohail says:

    I am interested in learning writing please help me. thanks!

  175. Pedro says:

    Hello, Ildiko.
    They seem the same for me. You can use that or it.
    The “that” or the “it” replaces what someone said. Frinstance:
    Teen: This weekend I’m gonna rock the party at Kelly’s house.
    Dad: I doubt it, young man. First you’ll have to finish your book report.
    Dad: I doubt that, young man. First, you’ll have to finish your book report.
    As far as I’m concerned, they’re the same. You choose what to say. Use the one you are more comfortable with
    Merry Xmas,
    Pedro

    • Ildiko says:

      Thank you, Pedro! Your explanation is very clear and helpful. Wish you also a Merry Christmas, and a very happy New year!

  176. Ildiko says:

    Hi, please, explain me, when to use the expression ” I doubt that”, and when ” I doubt it”? Thanks a lot!

  177. Pedro says:

    Hi, Rozana.
    I’ve just had a reading orgasm. EXACTLY!!!!!
    Congratulations!!! You’ve mastered another very important grammar point.
    If you need me, you know where to find me.
    I am always at your service,
    Pedro

  178. Rozanna says:

    Hi,
    I think this sentence is much better:
    ” It is important to be awar of grammar. IT HELPS you to understand more clearly.”. now, I can see from your explanation that “it is help you to understand …” considered to be incorrect, unless i put ing form to the verb, and then it becomes like this “it is helping you to understand more clearly”. Is it making any sense to you, now?? or am I wrong??

  179. Pedro says:

    Hi, Rozana.
    I guess your first sentence is incorrect. The sentence “This is lead to” doesn’t make any sense.
    I explain:
    The verb Be(is, am, are, was, werebe( can be followed by verbs in the -ing to express the present progressive or by the past participle to express the passive voice. It can also be followed by a full infinitive (verb with to) when you aim to express a suggestion(One thing you can do to find a date is to take part in a discussion group.)
    Well, here we go.
    I am travelling now. (present progressive)
    I am travelling tomorrow (future)
    Passive voice
    You always use the verb BE to express a passive voice.
    The passive voice is very easy. All you have to do is to ask a question using “happen. For instance:
    What HAPPENED to Paul? He WAS TAKEN athe hospital.
    What WIL HAPPEN to Paul? He’ll be taken to a hospital.
    What SHOULD HAPPEN to Paul? He should be taken to a hospital.
    And the ther sentence you sent to the grammar page is just a normal sentence in the present.
    I lead
    your lead
    this leads (I think here it means this takes)
    Merry Xmas ,
    Pedro

  180. Rozanna says:

    Hi, everyone. It’s me again 🙂
    I have another question. It’s came up when i was reading an article.
    What’s the difference between these 2 :
    ( This is lead to … ) and (This leads to …)
    could anyone explain ?
    Thanks alot.

  181. Pedro says:

    Hello, Puptron.
    One of the things I teach my students is sufixes and prefixes. The sufix -ly is added to an adjective to make it an adverb.
    Don’t use adverbs with: is, am, are, was, were, be, look, sound, seem, feel. and other verbs when they do not express an action. These verbs express sensations.
    I am uniquely. XXX
    I am unique.
    She walks beatifully. She beautifully took the keys and gracefully opened the door
    She dances greatly. I greatly remember our trip to Asia.
    REMEMBER
    SITUATION VERB + ADJECTIVE
    ACTION VER + ADVERB
    See you around,
    Pedro

  182. Puptron says:

    Hi Pedro! I want to descripe something is only one in this world. Which following sentence is correct ?:
    “My phone is unique”
    “My phone is uniquely”

  183. Pedro says:

    Hello, everybody. Just a heads-up about “wish”.
    It doesn’t matter what “wish” is followed by in your native language. You can compare your language to English, but, just to realize what the differences are, not to keep thinking about your language and trying to translate. Here it goes:
    When “wish ” is followed by a ver4b in English you have:
    I wish I had a car.
    I wish I had had a car.
    I wish I would have a car.
    When you think about “wish” you have to think about a present problem, a past problem and a future problem. Check this out.
    I DON’T have a car now. What can I wish? I wish I HAD a car / I wish I were rich / I wish I could buy a car.
    Now check this out: My friends went to the beach last week and I couldn’t go because I DIDN’T have a car. See? My problem is in the past now. What can I wish?
    I wish I HAD HAD a car / I wish I HAD BOUGHT a car.
    Now the lat one:
    I have a difficult test tomorrow. What can I wish?
    I wish I would get a good grade / I wish I would pass on the test / I wish I wouldn’t flunk on the test.
    I hope I could help,
    Pedro

  184. yair says:

    i want to meet good environment to practice

  185. mhmd says:

    oh .. I have big problem with small word .. it is(of)
    when we could use it .

  186. yaqub says:

    what we say when we want to ask someone about the weight?

  187. -- says:

    why we sa?d that under control ?nstead of over control?

  188. septian says:

    Dear all,,,

    I just started to learn english about 6months ago, and i learning all by my self,just read the book and joining with forum on internet.so absoulutly my english still weak,and if any wrong sentence you will be correct directly.

    i’m very interested this web with many people also learn english..up till now i just learn how to reading and writing, i seldom make a simple conversation with other people, so maybe in this site i have some friend to improve our ability with chat voice.

    please add me on Yahoo!mesengger gehinom07@yahoo.com see youon Y!M

    Thanks for all.

  189. Tarik says:

    Hi,
    Grammar is very important for any language. Grammar help us, how to consist of the correct sentence, So, you can pass your message clearly without confuse.

    Regards,

    Tarik

  190. kate says:

    English is interesting, especially Grammar and Tenses. Both of them always make me confused. I would like to improve my English. Who would like to help me?. Please add me on msn and skype.. Thanks.

  191. idhrees says:

    i wish speak english fluently please help me iam idhrees my SKYPE idhrees89

  192. Pedro says:

    Hello, Ice.
    The word trousers or pants(American) is in the same category as pajamas, shorts, jeans, scissors, and many other words whose singular form cannot be done by simply taking the “S” out.
    To make these words plural we use words like: piece of, a chunk of, a pair of, etc.
    I have to buy a pair of trousers for my son. I won’t buy two pairs because I am short on cash.
    I need a pair of scissors to cut my pair of jeans.
    I’ll give you a piece of advice.
    Can you give me a chunk of that bread?
    I hope I could help.
    Pedro BR

  193. Mohd says:

    Hi,

    I would like to know the following sentences are correct or wrong.

    Dont sleep on the bed.
    please be confirmed that we are authorising you to pay $10,000/-
    What is the meaning of please be confirmed.
    Thanks for the information.

  194. ice says:

    Hello…
    how to differentiate trousers in singular and plural? can we say…I use a new trousers?because the word ‘trousers’ is a pair…like shoes..
    Thank for the explanation..

  195. Pedro says:

    Hello, Hakim.
    you can say both.
    Do you have a big or a small house? We have a big house.
    Is your house a small or a big one? Ours s a big house.
    But, remember, you can only use MINE, YOURS, HERS, OURS and THEIRS when you already know what you are talking about. For example:
    Where is your car?(I know we’re talking about a car)
    Mine is next to Linda’s.
    Is hers the one with the seat torn?
    No, that’s mine. Hers is the one with flat tire. It’s next to The Smith’s.
    Ah, ok. Is theirs the one behind the tree?
    No theirs is the one under the bridge.
    During all this conversation I am talking about my car, Linda’s car and The Smith’s car, but you can only see the word”car” mentioned once. Thpronouns substitute the car and its owners.
    I hope I could help.
    Pedro from BR

  196. Pedro says:

    Hello, Rianti.
    You are on the right page. Here, you have material prepared by native speakers.
    Aside from the material, I think it is very important to have fun in the process.
    Here are my pieces of advice:
    Study real material.
    Don’t study words. Study sentences.
    Repeat, repeat, repeat, repeat and when you have some free time, repeat again.
    listen more than speak. (For the first six months)
    These tips are based on A J Hoge’s seven rules.
    I hope I could help,
    Pedro from Brazil

  197. Pedro says:

    Hi, Rozana. Sorry for the misunderstanding.
    Now, I got it.
    I’d use “I got it”. Why? Because the process of understanding is over.
    Pedro

  198. Mark White says:

    A child belongs with its mother. (a person belongs with a person)

    That book belongs to me. (an object belongs to a person)

  199. Rianti says:

    Dear Teacher.
    I need your help…
    How to learn english well and how to kill the lazy..?
    Thank you…

  200. Mohammad Hakim says:

    We have a big house and Ours is a big house. Is there any difference btween this two sentence in terms of meaning.Our is a possesive pronoun. In the second sentence our is used as a subject. Is possesive pronoun can be used as a subject?I want to know the grammetical rules followed in this sentence.Would anybody clerify this?

  201. NOOR says:

    dear teacher
    thank you for helping

  202. Shanti says:

    Dear friends,
    I like your pages very much, I think it´s very beneficial for us (students) and very helpful from you (teachers). Thank you for it.
    I´d like to ask you about the posibility of creating plural from Ms, Miss and Mrs. From “Mr” I have seen the word „Messrs.“ Thank you for your reply.
    Shanti

  203. Rozanna says:

    Pedro, thanks for ur message but,I’m sorry , there is a misunderstanding here !
    In my previous message i did not ask about i have to go and i gotta go !
    I asked about the most thing i hate the present perfect and i just wa
    nted u to correct me if i’m wrong
    [now i have got(understood) it or just i got it] because i’m feeling mixed up and always i need someone to correct when it’s come to PPT ..and sorry if i’m bothering u but i want ur comment about what i said as to past simple and present perfect .. That’s it .. Thanks

  204. Pedro says:

    Sorry, the lights went out and I lost connection.
    American English
    I have to go.
    I don’t have to go.
    Do you have to go?
    British
    I have got to go.
    I haven’t got to go.
    Have you got to go?
    No difference in meanings.
    Americans hasve transformed the “have got to” into “gotta”.
    I gotta go. I gotta work tomorrow morning.
    Americans are great aren’t they?
    The same thing with
    American I have a car. Do you have a car? No, I don’t have a car.
    British I’ve got a car. Have you got a car? No, I haven’t got a car.
    Thank you very much for the compliment,
    Pedro from Brazil

  205. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hi, Rozana.
    I’m gonna frame this message and hang it on the wall. Thanks a lot.
    About have to and have got to, let’s see.
    American English: I have to send Sue an e-mail.

  206. Rozanna says:

    Hello,
    Pedro, Are u there ? Can u hear me ?
    I just lllllllllllove u ! Ur explination is great ! U have talked about present perfect tense from A to Z . God bless u . (Now I HAVE got << is it right) the 'have to' structure .
    But , am still not a big fun of present perfect at all . It's silly . English people just love details . They love bla bla blaand bla bla 🙂 ( it's just what i think).
    We can also use the simple past tense for recently completed actions not necessarily present perfect ???
    It's less complicated and the best for those actions << as someone has told me.
    Regards,
    Rozanna

  207. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hi, Rozana.
    That’s it, dudet.
    If you use “Did you study for the test?”, you have to say when. Frinstance:
    Did you study for the test LAST WEEKEND?
    Because if you don’t ask me with this information, I’ll be kinda lost when answering you.
    Rozana, here we’re talking about sentences out of a context. Let me elaborate:
    A: Hey, Tom. Did you have a good weekend?
    B: Sure did. I went to my uncle’s beach house.
    A: Did you have fun?(Idon’t have to use last weekend again because we know I am talking about last weekend)
    B: You hetcha. I met this hot student from Brazil. We had a great time.(Idon’t have to use last weekend again because we know I am talking about last weekend)
    B: Have you ever met a Brasilian girl, Jerry.(question about the past whose answer I don’t know.)
    A: No, never.
    Isn’t the present perfect the best? I love it. When you learn how to use it you start listening to it in movies and sitcoms. The present perfect is awesome!!!!!!
    I am glad I could help,
    Bye, Rozana.
    Pedro

  208. Rozanna says:

    Hi, Pedro .
    I’ve just seen ur replay about present perferct tense and wow i loved it . it’s fantastic and inclusive .. Thanks alot for helping us and for all in this amazing website .. As to asking questions , it’s totally a new info for me .. U mean that whenever i ask a question in the past i should use ‘have u’ structure ?seriously?
    So, tomorrow when i see my friend i shall ask her a question like this ‘ Have u studied for the exam ?’ NOT ‘ Did u study for the exam? ? Is it right? ( oh,It’s really complicated .. What’s the difference ?
    Thanks .. And sorry for the prolongation … 🙂

  209. Tairu Aminu says:

    Dear Teachers,
    Waooo! This on line course very interesting.
    I need more stuff in this area of conversation
    Many Thanks to you.

  210. Hi
    I feel that it material is very important, sure is very easy.
    I want that you send me more material.

    thanks a lot

  211. Tatyana says:

    Dear Abdul Rauf Wafa!
    Thank you very much for having taken the time to help me and other people!
    Best regards
    Sincerely,
    Tatyana

  212. Tatyana says:

    Dear Pedro! Thank you very much for your response.
    I enjoy learning English!
    Best regards
    Sincerely,
    Tatyana

  213. Rozanna says:

    Hello, Pedro .
    Thanks alot for ur replay. yes that’s what i meant to say having fun is the key to learning. I do believe that the key to learn any language on this planet s by “PRACTICING” and having fun while ur learning not studying grammars rules through textbooks. I studied grammar back in high school and what was the result ? Do i know all the rules now ? Do i masterd the language? Absolutely NOT and i won’t, unless i have fun while am LEARNING not studyng … for me the best way to learn is by reading interesting books as much as i can, listeing ,watching movies, writing (practicing).. by this way i can tell u that i’ve learnt many things including the rules of grammar , yet i still need to learning more and more till i become teacher like u 🙂 but never wasted my time by studying and memorizng textbooks . This is my point of view and i totally conviced with it and wanted to share it with all …
    bye bye .

  214. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hello, Tatyana.
    Someone correct me if I’m wrong, but I heard someone saying that when you use “MY FRIEND”, you’re supposed to say his or her name, whereas, when you say “A FRIEND OF MINE”, it’s because you don’t wanna or it’s not important to say the name of your friend.
    It’s pretty much what happens to the verb DIE. When you use it, you should say “of what”:My mother died of cancer. Whereas, when you say passed away, you don’t have to say the reason. My mother passed away last year.
    Pedro

  215. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hi, Rozana.
    Yes, you have to “study” English every day.
    However, you can study and have fun at the same time. Actually, that’s how our brain graps knowledge faster, by having fun.
    When I was learning English I got a job at the English course where I studied. I worked as a janitor for 4 years there. During this time I had access to all the tapes the teachers used in class. I had to watch those tapes every semester because one of my duties as a janitor was to prepare the material for the teacher. So, I watched sitcoms, like, “who’s the boss”, “The golden gilrs” and others. I also watched a lot of commercials. I never studied those things. I just had fun trying to understand them and imitating them. I still remember some lines I heard in 1993. Well, it paid off. In 1995, I was invited to give classes in one of the branches of the course where I worked as a janitor. It was the turning point of my life. Today, I have my own course. I have 80 people who trust me to be their English teacher and I doa hell of a good job(that’s what they say).
    What I’m trying to say is, sometimes, relax and have fun is the key to grasp English.
    See you around,
    Pedro

    • Abiola says:

      Goodda Sir,

      Your explanation was very intrested but i did not know here and how to stated this online lesson,could you please recomend book for me most expecialy how to write and how to use coma,fullstop,and questin mark.

      thanks.

  216. Tatyana says:

    Hi everybody!
    Please tell me what is correct?
    A friend of mine has saved $20,000 in the bank to buy a house or My friend has saved $20,000 in the bank to buy a house.

    A friend of mine or My friend?
    Thank you very much
    Tatyana

    • Dear Tatyana,

      Both(my friend) and (a frind of mine) are right.But if you say my friend, it means one of your common friends. If you say a friend of mine, it means one of your special and closed friends.

      Actually (My)is possessive adjective and we always use this type of adjectives before noun. For example: My friend.

      And (Mine) is possessive pronoun and we don’t use pronouns before nouns.

      I hope my answer may convince you.

      For more details, please contact me by the following addresses.
      Skype: abdulrauf.wafa
      Email: abdulrauf.wafa@hotmail.com

  217. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hello, azzamostafa.
    Sure. TV shows such as FRIENDS, Two and a Half Men, The Middle, LOST, to name a few, are awesome ways to improve your English.
    Try to repeat exactly the same way you listen.
    Intonation is super important.
    When their voices go up you go up, when their voices go down, your voice goes down.
    I hope I could help,
    Pedro

  218. hi, the grammer is very interesting.
    And your teaching is great .
    tanks so much.

  219. “interested” is an adjective and it describe a noun and “interesting” is a verb,express an action.

    • PJ Nascimento says:

      Sorry Theodore. They are both adjectives.
      This is an interesting book.
      “Interesting” here gives a quality to the book. Quality = adjective.

  220. Heba says:

    Hello every body
    the grammer is soo interesting and relly I like it.

  221. PJ Nascimento says:

    Neither and either
    I’d like to add the combinations neither…nor and either….or.
    Are you going to the beach or to that mountain resort?
    I’m going to NEITHER the beach NOR the resort. I’m broke.(I’m gonna do something else)
    This holiday I’m going EITHER to the beach OR to the mountain resort.(one of them I’m gonna pick)
    I hope I could help,
    Pedro

  222. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hello, Fantaye.
    Non native speakers feel like that sometimes.
    I just finished a post graduation in education a couple of months ago and I realised during my research that there is only one way to learn a second language: REPETITION. Every good professional you know is good because the’ve done the same thing over and over again. It’s the same idea with English. Repetition is key number one to acquiring a language.
    Have you seen how much children like repetition? If you play a video, let’s say, the Ice Age, for example, when the movie is over they say, “Again, again”. And you have to play it again for them. Adults, on the other hand, get bored if you play something twice. I had to start changing my students concept about learning English. Somebody said,”Learniong English is not a marathon, it’s a sprint.”
    So, keep up a steady pace when you’re studying and add repetition to your learning techniques.
    I hope I could help,
    Pedro

  223. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hello, Saboor.
    Sure. First let’s straight things up, right?
    You can express future in four different ways:
    I travel next Sunday.
    I will travel next Sunday.
    I’m going to travel next Sunday.
    I’m travelling next Sunday.

    The past perfect is easy to be practiced. You have to start making up sentences in your head all the time using it. You use the Past perfect when you have two actions and you want to make it clear which one happened first. It helps, at first if you have an imaginary clock in your head. Here it goes.
    It’s 7pm, I get home from work. Dinner is ready.
    By the time(When) I got home, my wife had prepared dinner.
    It’s 8am, I get to work. Coffee is ready.
    When I got to work this morning the secretary had made coffee.
    You’re in the shower. The phone rings. The machine picks it up.
    Thank God I had set the answering machine before I showered.
    The Past pferfect always works with the simple past on the other sentence. When you use the words “before” or “after” you don’t have to use the past perfect. Why? Because you use the past perfect to indicate which action started first, right? If you are using after or before, what’s the use?
    My wife prepared dinner before I got home.
    The secretary made coffee before I got to work today.
    So, now, practice. Find situations in which you could use the past perfect.
    I hope I could help.
    Pedro

  224. Sapto Adi says:

    I like grammar becouse grammar can make us to write and speak well so we must learn grammar every time

  225. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hello, Sunday.
    Well, I tried to find belong with, but I could not.
    I’ve never heard it being used.
    Belong to means you are the owner of something or you participate in a club or something.
    This car belongs to Mr. Nascimento. It’s his car. He owns the car. He’s the ower of the car.
    My dad has belonged to Red Cross International for over ten years. He takes part in it.
    I hope I could help.
    Pedro

    • sunday says:

      Ok…thank you so much now i know about the meaning of .It’s mean in different way.
      When we talk about our lover or family we use Belong with me.
      When we talk about thing we use You belong to me.

  226. PJ Nascimento says:

    Sunday, I don’t understand your question.
    Author: sunday
    Comment:
    Hello it’s easy to understand.thank you…
    What about and which one is the right answer?

  227. PJ Nascimento says:

    THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
    Hi, Rozana. Thank you very much for the question. We’re gonna change your opinion about the Present Perfect Tense. Check this out:
    You can use the PPT in three very clear situations:
    1. You talk about something you did in the past BU you DON’T say WHEN you did it.
    I’have been to Rio de Janeiro.(WHEN? It’s not important. Don’t say it)
    My sister has seen the new Tom Cruise movie.
    My parents have bought a house in the mountains.

    2. When something started in the past and continues into the present. Here you will need two special words (FOR and SINCE). FOR is used with quantity of time and SINCE indicates when something started. PAY ATTENTION that I am not using when something HAPPENED, but when something STARTED to happen and I STILL do it or it is STILL true.
    I have lived in Brazil for 40 years.
    I have been a teacher SINCE 1995.
    My brother has worked for FEDEX SINCE last year.STARTED last year and continues unti now)
    I have written this message for 15 minutes. (STARTED 15 minutes ago and continue doing it)

    3. A repeated action in the past. Here you will need to use “THIS” plus a time period that hasn’t finished yet. And you will need an expression that gives you the repeated idea (once, twice, three times, four times, many times, several times, etc.
    These sentences were said on November 2, Tuesday, the Day of the Dead in Brazil.
    I have called my wife twice this week(This week started on Sunday October 30 and ends on Saturday November 6)
    I have been to the movies three times today. (It’s 8:00pm. I went to the movies at 9:00am, 1:00pm and 5pm. today)

    Questions with the PPT.
    When you ask a querstion about the PAST whose anser you don’t know you should use the “have you” structure.
    You look at me and say:
    Hey, Pedro. You live in Brazil. Have you lived in Rio de Janeiro? (do you know the answer? No, you don’t, so use Have you, not, “Did you”.

    Words that are used with the PPT.
    Just – to indicate you finished somethin a little ago.
    I’ve just written a post for the grammar page.
    already and yet
    Affirmative – I have already finsished my homework
    negative – I haven’t finished my homework yet.
    Interrogative
    Have you already done your homework?
    Have you done your homework yet?
    EVER – Any time in your life
    Have you ever seen a camel? At any time of your life, have you seen a camel?
    Well, that’s it.
    I hope I could help.
    Good luck on your test,
    Pedro

  228. PJ Nascimento says:

    All right, Lidiko.
    Can I give you examples?
    1. The man says himself. Here the man is talking to himself.
    I told myself, “get out”. / Then, she asked herself, “Why did I marry this man?
    2. The man says of himself. Here, he expresses an opinion of himself.
    You can’t think OF yourself as a murderer. It was an accident.
    3 The man says by himself. Here it means he does something alone or without any help.
    I fixed the toy car by myself. Girls don’t like to go to the toilet by themselves.
    4.The man says for himself. Here, it expresses some kind of selfish feelings.
    This last piece of cake is mine. I saved it for myself.
    I hope I could help.
    Pedro.

  229. Ruby Khan says:

    Hi…

    Please tell me what difference between clients and clients’.

  230. soheila says:

    Hi.and thanks alot,I have a little time,I have to go so I just write my problem in grammer and nothing else for today,
    hmm
    what s the diffrent between either and neither?
    and when do we use them?
    thanks alot again

    • Dear Soheila,

      Defference between Either and neither is as follow.

      Neither is the negative form of either and they both mean too. Both of them are used in negative sentences. With either we use not but with neither we don’ becuase neither is by itself negative.

      Ex: He doens’t go to school and I don’t go to school either.
      Ex: He doesn’t go to school and neither I go to school.

      In the above examples we can see that in the sentence of either we have (not) with auxiliary verb but in the sentence of neither we don’t have (not)because it is by itself negative.

      For more details, kindly contact me by the following addresses.

      Skype: abdulrauf.wafa
      Email: abdulrauf.wafa@hotmail.com

      • soheila says:

        Hi AbdulRauf.
        Thank you so much for your helpful information,but just one more question ?can we say :he doesnt go to school and I do neither?

        • Dear Soheila,

          Yes of course we can say, but not by that way, by the following way.

          (He doesn’t go to school. Neither do I.) In grammar this structure is called Rejoinder.

          Regards
          Abdul Rauf Wafa R.K

  231. anissa says:

    I am looking for a native english speaker to practice my spoken and writing English and improve it. We can talk about any topic that we choose. My MSN address is: sabbahinvest_la@hotmail.fr.

    Thank you in advance.

  232. Ajmal Safa says:

    ajmal safa is willing to learn english.

  233. V says:

    i think grammar is interesting. We have to practice a lot in learning grammar.

  234. Thusi says:

    I am looking for a native english speaker to practice my spoken English and improve. We can talk about any topic that we choose. My Skype membername is BrunoCiceri. I Welcome you all.
    Thank you very much.
    Thusi

  235. fantaye says:

    I am so interested to speak english language well ,i tried different site which is help me but i am still back i don’t know why

  236. Saboor says:

    Dear Sir,

    Thanks so much for the creating such great system for learning English. Meanwhile i’d like to ask you for some help as i have problem with futuer and past perfect tense. would it be possible to show me the easiest way how to learn these two tense. yuor assistance in this regards would be highly appreciated.

    With best regards,
    Saboor

  237. sunday says:

    I’m sorry about two comment above
    i just wanna ask you about
    BELONG TO ME and BELONG WITH ME
    Which one is the right answer?

    • Mark White says:

      If you are talking to your lover or your family member, you say:

      “You belong with me.”

      If you are talking about a thing, you say:

      “It belongs to me.”

      • sunday says:

        Thank you so much for explained me.My teacher always says:If we use u belong with me will wrong.but i disagree him.Oh….What about ?it’s mean in different way or the same way?

      • sunday says:

        Thank you so much for your explaining.My teacher always says:If we use u belong with me will wrong.but i disagree him.Oh….What about ?it’s mean in different way or the same way?

  238. sunday says:

    Hello it’s so greatful.
    What about Which one is the right answer?

  239. sunday says:

    Hello it’s easy to understand.thank you…
    What about and which one is the right answer?

  240. Rozanna says:

    Grammar is MUSIC !!!! how is it so ?? ? i hate grammar from the bottom of my heart not only the grammar of English lan. even my Arabic grammar i hate it alot .. i would rather learning English grammar throgh communication with native speakers , Listening etc ,, BUT not through Studying textbooks .. it’s boring .. now, here the question 🙂 What the difference between “I have heard you’ and “I heard you ” i believe it’s an easy one for natives but not for me so, could anyone please explian it to me is it the same meaning?? when shall i use it precisely and accurately?? .. i hate perfect tense it makes my life miserable 🙂 … THANKE U and pray for me tommorow i have Morphology exam .. good luck for me 🙂

    • Dear Rozanna,

      I respect your idea about grammar but I would obviously say that language without grammar is like a lock without key. If a lock doesn’t have key, so we can’t use that. Therefore, grammar is the key of language and learning a language without grammar is called informal language. Any way, I would like to say something for the answere of your question.

      1- I heard you: is simple past tense amd we use simple past tense for those actions which are started in the past and finished in the past in specific time.
      So the time of this sentence is clear and specified.

      2- I have heard you: is present perfect tense and we use present perfect tense for those actions which are started in the past and finished in the past in unspecific time.

      Now:

      Use the sentence (I heard you)when you are talking to someone closely and use the sentence (I have heard you) when you talked to someone previously.

      I hope my answere may convince you.

      For more details, kindly contact me by the following addresses.
      Skype ID: abdulrauf.wafa
      Email ID: abdulrauf.wafa@hotmail.com

      • Rozanna says:

        Hi .. Pretty good .. thanks alot for clarification .. but this is will not stuck in my mind unless i practice the language every single day right? not only studying .. i know what is past simple and present perfect but i become so much confused when i use it .. i hope this will stop after ur replay …thanks

  241. Fernando says:

    The grammar is so important to speak correctly.

  242. Muh. Rasyid says:

    I think grammar is very important to create a writing or an article. As a learner, of course in mastering grammar need to be known, especially for those who want to improve their English.

    Muh. Rasyid

  243. sudhakarreddy says:

    it is very interesting abd informative thankyou

  244. Ildiko says:

    Please, help me! I should like to know, what is the difference between these expressions:1. The man says himself…2.The man says of himself…3. The man says by himself…4.The man says for himself… Thank You, Teachers!

    • Mark White says:

      Hi Ildiko. You are forgetting context and context is always the key.

      They are all parts of sentences. If you ask questions about parts of sentences you will confuse yourself. It is a counter-productive way to study.

      You will spend a lot of time thinking and puzzling but gain nothing because you are dealing with imaginary qualities. Only study real language!

      Go to the Real Conversations Page and listen to them and study how language is used in real life.

      Language is not mathematics. It is real. People use it to communicate. It is not a mathematical game. Nobody ever says parts like this. Let’s look at some complete sentences:

      1. The First One:

      The man says that he is innocent.
      The man says himself that he is innocent.

      (Adding “himself” implies that others say something else about him; perhaps they say he is not innocent)

      2. The Second One:

      “the man says by himself” probably does not exist as a phrase.

      You could say:

      The man says:”By himself he can fit into the rescue capsule but he cannot take anyone with him.”

      but it is the only example I can think of.

      Are you taking sets of phrases out of context and with no bearing on reality and giving them to students to study for a test? Is your teacher doing that to you? That is not “learning English”. That is “doing a meaningless test”. The two are different.

      Look at these:

      by himself
      on his own

      by herself
      on her own

      by myself
      on my own

      Each pair is synonymous.

      Look at these:

      The Third One and the Fourth One:

      The says for himself that he can manage but he is not sure about the others.
      The man says of himself that he can manage but he is not sure about the others.

      They are the same. They are both rare, unusual, antiquated ways of speaking that are used by newsreaders in formal style or in literature in old novels. The modern way to say it is:

      The man says that he can manage himself but he is not sure about the others.

      As a teacher, I would not bother with teaching these forms “of himself” and “for himself” and only mention their meaning if I came across them in a text.

      From the point of view of learning to communicate in English, they are not relevant. Yet our schools and tests are full of this kind of question. It is time we updated our language education programs. That way they will be more successful.

      The most common and important usage of reflexive pronouns (himself, herself etc) is in reflexive verbs.

      I washed myself from a bucket.

      He doubted himself.

      She reassured herself with the thought that each step brought her closer to her goal.

      They show that the subject and object are the same. But you know that!

      I hope this helps.

      Remember context is the key!

      • Ildiko says:

        Thank you, Sir! Your answer is excellent, very clear and helps me a lot! I’m an online student of English language, but not very young. My hobby is learning languages,and first at all I love English. My mother tongue is Hungarian, but I also speak Serbo-Croatian in native level. You asked me, where was I found those expressions? Well, I’ll tell you: on Yahoo! questions and answers. Sorry because of my grammar mistakes! Best wishes: Ildi

  245. Leo says:

    Despite German is more formalized than English, I like Heinrich Heine more than, for example, Shelly or Byron. What is the reason?

  246. Graciela says:

    Hi, I´m really pleasant with the grammar lessons. I appreciate everything you teach me. thank you so much!

  247. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hi, Puptron.
    I’ve heard both: get bored and be bored. I don’t think there is a huge difference between them. In my opinion get + adjective describes a process, whereas, be + adjective, describes a state.
    If you keep watching this movie, you’ll get bored.
    If you keep watching this movie, you’ll be bored.
    Can you see any difference? I can’t. Aside from the one I told you before.
    If you don’t get happy(If you are not happy) with this explanation, send me a sentence. It’s always better to study the sentence, not isolated words.
    Remember, the words interact to each other in a sentence to make the whole meaning of it.
    Pedro

    • Mark White says:

      I think “get” is a little more informal and relaxed than “be” too. I think this usage of “get” in the passive is an American one that has gradually come in next to the British one and acts as a sort of informal, easy-going more common from of the passive.

      Do not waste time worrying about which one to use. The difference in meaning is too small to worry about. Teachers argue about this. They are effectively the same.

  248. PJ Nascimento says:

    The difference between “difference and different” is very simple. “DIFFERENT” is an adjective and “DIFFERENCE” is a noun. With adjectives we use verbs such as is, am, are, seem, look, sound, etc.
    “You look different today”
    Your dog sounds different today.
    And a noun we use with other verbs. The most common the verb “have”.
    We have some differences in our budget.
    Pay attention to the word “the”, too. The difference between us is huge.
    Cheers, Pedro.

  249. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hello, guys. Good to know you liked my explanation. It makes me happy.
    The difference between though, although, even though and here I’d like to add however, nonetheless and nevertheless.
    Well, basically, they are all synonumous. What you have to pay attention is the structure that is used and the position on a sentence:
    Although I have a dog, I never wash him.
    Even though I have a dog, I never wash him.
    Though I have a dog, I never wash him.
    I have a dog, though, I never wash him.
    I have a dog, I never wash him, though.
    I have a dog, nonetheless, I never wash him.
    I have a dog, nevertheless, I never wash him.
    I have a dog, but, I never wash him.
    Nevertheless and nonetheless are considered to be more formal than the others.
    Write sentences using these words and send them to me. Practicing is the key number one for understanding.
    Pedro

  250. fery says:

    Hi
    Thanks for your topice about grammer. It was very useful for me
    I like to say your english conversation helpe me a lot, and I am very appreciat from you.
    regard fery

  251. fery says:

    Hi, what is a diffrence between diffrent and diffrence,
    please explain it.

  252. alyaamalik says:

    I like your explanation of grammar very much. I want to know what is the difference between the words although, though and even though,

    yours respectfully,
    Tamuna Tevdorashvili

  253. PJ Nascimento says:

    Hi, everybody. I’d like to add a few things about -ing and -ed adjectives.
    The -ed adjectives express feelings, therefore, you cannot have them connected to things:
    The movie was interested(INCORRECT)
    The book was fascinated(INCORRECT).
    The concert was frustrated(INCORRECT).
    You MUST have them connecte to people:
    Michael was fascinated by the book.
    Mom was surprised. The kids were amazed.
    The -ing adjectives, however, can be connected to things(ALWAYS) and people When they don’t express what these people feel, but how they make other people feel. My sister was fascinating in that white wedding dress(she made me feel fascinated, so she was fascinating).
    I saw a very intereting young woman at a bar last night(she made me feel interested, so she was interesting).
    In a nutshell, -ed adjectives can only be used with people and -ing adjectives can be used with things(ALWAYS) and with people when they make you feel that way.
    I hope I could help.
    Pedro

    • Puptron says:

      Thanks PJ Nascimento ! Your article is interesting me. Can you tell me why people use “get bored”, “get injured”, “get fit” ect. instead of using “be bored”, “be injured”, “be fit” ?

    • Mohammad Hakim says:

      Hi,PJ Nascimento. I am from Bangladesh.Thanks a lot for providing this rule of adjective. It is really helpful for me. It makes me interested about your teaching system. I want to learn something new everyday and for that I visit this site. Learnig English Grammer is interesting to me. I shall be waiting for your next gramatical rules.

  254. husaini says:

    I have been learning English grammar since in senior high school. Unfortunately my English grammar is not good. Up to now I am still studying English language including reading, grammar, writing and conversation. But the important thing right now is mastering English speaking, because I need this for my presentation in seminar activity, especially when I join the international seminar that usually use English language. So how can I practice english speaking via this forum? Thank in advance for any respond. Kind regards, husaini

  255. husaini says:

    I have learn English grammer since I study in senior high school. Unfortunately my English grammer is not good. Up to now I am still studying English language including reading, grammer, writing and conversation. But the important thing right now is mastering English speaking, because I need this for my presentation in seminar activity, especially when I join the international seminar that usually use English language. So how can I practice english speaking via this forum? Thank in advance for any respond. Kind regards, husaini

  256. ralf says:

    Hi I would just want to say thankyou.Thankyou for this email.i would also like to thank Kristin Dodds,Joe Weiss and AJ Hoge from learn real english.their lessons on how to speak real english help me a lot.especially in learning english grammar.I thankyou also for this email because its a great help.and reading the lessons included in this email is appreciated.Thanks and God Bless.

  257. Sagar Kekade says:

    Sir,
    This is sagar, plz send me the pdf file for day to day conversation between two people fr english development like what must we say whn we wakeup early in the morning and i m confident about my english with my family members and with my friends but i fail to get a proper grip when i need to talk or communicate with seniors or officers or experts or businessmen or manager. so i keen to overcome this drawback so plz guide me.

  258. christine says:

    I am working in a hotel and ned to know how can I confirm a reservation in good sentences

    • Rajesh says:

      Dear Sir or Madam,

      Thank you for choosing our Hotel.
      Please be informed that your reservation is Confirmed for the date & Room Type
      Your Confirmation Number is ….. or I will be sending you the Reservation Confirmation details by email or Fax

      Thank you For your Reservation Enquiry. Have a Nice day!

    • Rajesh says:

      Dear Sir or Madam,

      Thank you for choosing our Hotel.
      Please be informed that your reservation is Confirmed for the date & Room Type.
      Your Confirmation Number is ….. or I will be sending you the Reservation Confirmation details by email or Fax

      Thank you For your Reservation Enquiry. Have a Nice day!

  259. Sergio says:

    Hello everybody! I have being studing English grammar in a long time ago when I was in my childhood and teenager time. Afther it I was just speaking even with a wrong English, but always doing my best to be undestood for my friends. Now since I knew these grammar way of studing, I learn that if we wants to develop your English we ought to know to use these sistems of learning. I would appreciatted very much to make contact with people who really wants to study and practice English, sending to each other writters and pehaps some conversation by shape or even by email. My address eletronic is sergiovalencaster@gmail.com ( My name is Sergio, male,city home Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, South America)

  260. wafa says:

    hi mark
    Iam very interested and iwould to thank you,and do more grammer
    about how can i speak to boy and girls .

  261. dear friends,
    hi- how are you all .. i’m really interested in teach people English language .. and i hope you all add me to get experience from me and improve your English state .. so please add me and check out how to learn easily with me .. bye for now dudes 🙂

    facebook.com id = weld al-murbati
    skype id = mc-wj2010
    and call me if you want know more = 0097333635740

    • Abiola says:

      Dear Sir,

      I WOUD LIKE TO LEARN HOW TO USE ENGLISH AND COMER,QUESTION MARK,FULLSTOP AND AND ORTHER,I HAD BEN HAVING PROBLEM ON HOW O USE ALL THS STATED ABOVE.

      Thanks

    • Jorge says:

      Hello Mohammant,
      I would like to improve my English with you, thanks to offers your help!!!!!
      I will contact you throught Skype..

      See you later!!

      Jorge

  262. suhayla says:

    that lesson is very very good
    and thanks for your teaching

  263. Tamuna says:

    I like your explanation of grammar very much. I want to know what is the difference between the words although, though and even though,

    yours respectfully,
    Tamuna Tevdorashvili

    • Dear Tamuna,

      Although, though and Even though are subordinating conjunctions and they are used in the adverb clause of concession or adverb clause of opposition or adverb clause of cause and effect. Their meanings are the same but their usages are different as follow.
      1- Although can be used in the beginning of the sentence and in the middle of the sentence.
      Ex: Although the weather is cold, he goes to pool for swimming every day.
      Ex: He goes to the pool for swimming everyday although the weather is cold.

      2- Even though can be used in the middle of the sentence and seldom in the beginning of the sentence.
      Ex: He got first position even though he didn’t study hard.
      Ex: Even though he didn’t study hard, he got first position. (Seldom)

      3- Though can be used in the beginning of the sentence, middle of the sentence, at the end of the sentence and before adjective.
      Ex: Though he is intelligent, he failed in exam. (Beginning)
      Ex: He failed in exam though he is intelligent. (End of the sentence)
      Ex: Though, intelligent he is, he failed in exam. (We use it before adjective when we emphasize more on an action.)
      Ex: He failed in exam, he is intelligent, though. (This usage of though is more formal than others.)

      Remember: Punctuations are more important.

      I hope my answer may convince you.

      Abdul Rauf Wafa R.K

      For more details,kindly contact me by the followings addresses.
      Skype ID: abdulrauf.wafa
      Email Add: abdulrauf.wafa@hotmail.com

  264. Atiqullah says:

    Just learning English Language

  265. Dear All,

    I would rather appreciate English Conversation website and especially people who are in charge of this benificial website which has many benificiaries. I am really interested in English grammar and I would like who English Conversation website participant to answer my question bellow which is about English Grammar.

    What do we call a verb in English Grammar which functions as both transitive and intransitive.

    Ex: Transitive: I am flying the kite.
    Ex: Intransitive: The plane is flying.

  266. kefy says:

    what is the rule for using take in sentenses like I TAKE EXERCISE instead of I DO EXERCISE ? please someones help . thanks in advance

    • Dear Friend,

      The word exercise is both verb and noun. In the sentence I TAKE EXERCISE it funtions as a noun and the main verb is TAKE. But in the sentence I DO EXERCISE it is main verb and Do is emphatic do which emphasizes the main verb EXERCISE.

      I hope my answer may convince you.

      • Mark White says:

        Yes!

        And also think about style.

        You can read “exercise” as a noun in both cases and “I do exercise” is the modern American way of saying it, while “I take exercise” is the antiquated upper class British way of saying it.

      • kefy says:

        Dear Abdul Rauf Wafa ,

        thank you for your prompt response.

        please also tell me about the sentense I EXERCISE considering the previously asked difference between I TAKE EXERCISE & I DO EXERCISE, sirroy for incovenience.

  267. kayally says:

    yes really that Great AND nice explain that case <<< thanks Great AND ROCK TEAM 🙂

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