Comparatives

Comparatives introduce the idea of a scale:

big – bigger – biggest

Rules

There are definite rules which govern the formation of comparatives:

Comparatives are adjectives that show degrees of comparison for example: bigger, easier, more difficult. Notice that there are different types of comparatives for example:

bigger = big + “g”+ “er” (“Bigger” equals “big” plus “g” plus “er”.)

easy = easy – “y”+ “i” + “er” (“Easier” equals “easy” minus “y” plus “i” plus “er”.)

more difficult= more + difficult (“More” plus difficult.)

final consonant

ending in “y”

Rules are observable but some people do not notice some rules or ignore them so we get various styles of speaking. Language is always changing and people do not agree on what rules are.

These are general rules. Maybe you can find some exceptions? Ask your teacher if you are not sure.

An Activity or Role Play to Practice “Comparatives”

Compare these two pieces of software:

They are both audio software programs.

The first one is ..

The second one is …

The Chinese one is better than the American one.

The Russian one is similar to the American one.

Degrees of Difference

kind – kinder – the kindest

cruel – crueler – the cruelest

expensive
a little more expensive
more expensive
much more expensive
way more expensive

Comparative Variations of Adjectives for Describing People

adventurous – more adventurous – less adventurous
arrogant – more arrogant – less arrogant – more humble
boastful -more boastful – less boastful – more humble
brave – braver – more courageous – less courageous – not so brave – cowardly
competitive – more competitive – less competitive – less aggressive
courageous – more courageous – braver – less courageous – a chicken – a coward
dim-witted – more dim-witted – dumber- more stupid – less stupid – more intelligent – cleverer – more clever
evil – more evil – less evil – better – worse
funny – funnier – less funny – not as funny – not so funny
good-looking – more good-looking/better-looking
honest – more honest/honester – less honest – dishonest
impractical – more impractical – less practical
kind – kinder – more kind
lonely – lonelier more lonely
lonesome – more lonesome – lonelier/lonesomer – less lonely/less lonesome
loyal – more loyal – less loyal/less trustworthy
modest – more modest – less modest – less humble
naive – more naive – less naive
practical – more practical – less practical
quiet – more quiet – less quiet
rude – ruder – more rude – less rude
strong – stronger – more strong – less strong/weaker
stupid – stupider/more stupid.
wise – wiser – more intelligent – less intelligent

Look at these words in the context of a story:

Siegfried the Dragon Slayer

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