Academic language in Context – Answers – Conclude

There are ten questions but there are eleven answers. What did you get out of eleven? Write your score in the comments section at the bottom of the page.

1. A Criminal Investigation

1. After investigating the circumstances of the robbery and interviewing all the witnesses and suspects, the detectives concluded that it was an inside job.

This answer requires a past tense verb to follow the noun, “detectives”.

Link to the Law Page

2. The results of a Criminal Investigation

2. The police are just concluding their investigation now and we will let you know the results of that investigation as soon as they are available, however since this may involve criminal charges, it may be necessary to delay the results until arrests have been made.

“To conclude” means “to finish” or “to complete” and here we see the verb in present continuous tense.

3. Exposure to Radiation

3. There is strong but inconclusive evidence which suggests that exposure to radiation will significantly impact on health outcomes.

Evidence suggests that … This is a strong collocation. Are you worried about pollution and radiation?

4. Earthquakes and Oil Wells

4. A group of researchers in Kansas have not found conclusive evidence that drilling practices are linked to specific seismic events however they have recommended that more studies be carried out to better understand the effects of injection wells on the environment so we still do not know for sure if fracking causes earthquakes.

We need a noun phrase to follow the verb “found”.

5. A Representative Sample

5. It is easy to draw conclusions from the evidence at hand but it is very important to be sure that the sample of the population you have chosen is a representative sample as obtaining evidence from a non-representative sample will make it likely that we draw incorrect conclusions.

To draw a conclusion is a strong collocation. We often see these words together.

6. A Successful Presentation

6. The lecturer always concludes his presentations with a question and answer session so that any unclear points can be cleared up and members of the audience will go away having understood the content of the presentation.

This means he finishes his presentation with a Q and A session.

7. The Origin of Hailstones

7. Scientists from a university in the States have found conclusive evidence that hailstones are formed by crystallizing the ice around a nucleus of biological materials, namely atmospheric dust.

We need a verb phrase to follow the noun phrase which begins with scientists.

8. Meeting of Finance Ministers

8. The meeting of European finance ministers was called to discuss a road-map to financial stability but the various parties did not see eye to eye and the talks were ultimately inconclusive. It is expected that another meeting will be held within the month.

We know that “talks” is connected with “discussion” and “discuss” so we can work this one out from context.

9. How to Write an Essay

9. When you are writing an essay, try to finish with a flourish and be sure that your conclusion is not just a repetitive summary of all that has been said before as this reduces the overall impact of the argument you have presented.

In essay writing it is good if you can have a strong introduction and a good body and a good conclusion.

10. An Insurance Investigation

10. If the representative from the insurance company concludes that the fire was deliberate, then the authorities will be informed and an investigation will be launched.

To “draw a conclusion” or “make a conclusion” means “conclude” or “decide”. The verb is in present simple tense and this is a good example of first conditional or “will” conditional.

Link to Notes on Conditionals

What did you get out of 11? Write your score below in the comments section. Just doing this test and reading the headings and answers will give you a chance to see the vocabulary in context. That means you will be familiar with the words and which words they appear with (collocaton).

Reading and Vocabulary

You can also improve vocabulary by reading selections from literature.

Jack Kerouac

Norman Mailer

Or try a simple story with easy vocabulary:

Lives of a Man

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