Academic Vocabulary in Context – General – Answers

There are 15 questions but there are spaces for 20 answers. Some questions require more than one answer.

1. Driving a Car

1. The motor is running really hot. Let’s pull over and have a look at the engine.

The word “engine” means “motor” and the “gin” of “engine” is a modified pronunciation of the “gen” in “gender”.

Do you have a car? Have you heard about the Watercar?

Listen to a conversation about the watercar: Mp3

2. The Course of an Engineering Career

2. He studied mechanical engineering and he worked as an engineer for a while then he climbed the ladder to a position in management and now he is the head supervisor for the whole Asia Pacific area.

Have you ever worked as an engineer?

An engineer used to be the person who drove a train (railway engineer). Now there are many types of engineers: mechanical engineer, mecatronic engineer, food engineer, civil engineer.

Are you an engineer? Tell us about your job!

3. Human Relations in the Workplace

3. He is really a genius when it comes to engineering and design but his people skills are unfortunately not as highly developed as his ability to work with machines. He needs to focus on the human relationships in the work environment and gain a better understanding of what makes people tick in the workplace.

“Genius” used to mean “the spirit of a place or thing or person”, but now it means “very clever person”. Language is always changing.

4. Genetically-modified Food

4. Monsanto is responsible for a lot of the genetically modified food which has come into production and unfortunately it has not been labelled because the lawyers won a case which said it was “substantially equivalent” to real food, but everybody knows that that is not true.

Is GM food labelled in your country?

Link to film about Monsanto

5. Imitation Products

5. A lot of these products are fake and they are much cheaper than the genuine article, which is good for the consumer but producing imitations is effectively stealing market share from the producers of the original.

What do you think about copyright laws?

6. The Law on Discrimination

6. It is against the law to discriminate against another person on the ground of race, gender or national origin.

7. Taxonomy (classification) in Biology

7. In the hierarchy of biological classification genus occupies the rank between family and species. Felis is a genus of cats in the family Felidae and it includes the domestic cat.

Are you a cat person or a dog person?

8. Electrical Engineering

8. The Serbian scientist, Nikola Tesla generated large amounts of electricity directly from the sun but it is not known how he did this.

Do you know about Tesla and the search for alternative energy?

The Watercar uses alternative energy.

9. Biblical Scholarship

9. The part of the Bible which describes the creation of heaven and earth and then Adam and Eve is called Genesis.

Have you compared the Jewish Bible with the various translations of the Christian Bible? Do the ideas accord with each other and the teachings of Islam?

10. Identifying Social Strata in a Society

10. Jack Kerouac was a famous writer who epitomized the aspirations of the beat generation to experience life and feel it deeply and sincerely at its very core.

Is there a generation gap in your society? Do young people and old people have vastly different attitudes to life and society? Read about the Beat Generation at this link: Kerouac – On the Road

11. The War of the Currents

11. When Edison realised that Tesla was only interested in using his ingenuity in the service of humanity and dreamed of providing free electric energy for the human race, the two great men split and the war of the currents began. This was the struggle for ascendancy by two different factions which sought to control the generation of electricity in the country. Edison championed DC or direct current while Tesla invented the AC-DC alternator which allowed electric power to be converted into DC for use but AC for transmission over distance.

Are you an idealist like Tesla or a businessman like Edison?

12. The Discovery of Genes and the Development of Genetics

12. In biology we learn that the existence of genes was first implied by the work of Gregor Mendel who did experiments to study the transmission of hereditary traits in pea plants.

What do you think about the idea of genetically designed human beings?

13. Language Change over Time

13. The word “genius” generally refers to a very intelligent person but originally it referred to the spirit of a particular place, person or even a thing or idea. The meaning of the term has evolved over time.

14. Foreign Relations

14. The foreign minister said that the relationship between the US and Australia is particularly strong by saying “it is in our genes” to work together.

Do your genes control you or do you have free will?

Write your opinion in the comments section below.

Link to lesson about Australian Society.

15. Transgender Individuals and Gender Reassignment

15. Although we traditionally view people as either male or female, some people are born with two sets of genitals (genitalia) and they are referred to as “hermaphrodites”. Transgender individuals are people who identify with one gender, but wish to have gender re-assignment by means of hormone injections, and sometimes surgical procedures, so they can live life as a member of the opposite sex.

Do you know any transgender people?

What did you get out of 20? Write your score in the comments section below.

Did you manage to get 100 per cent? It does not matter if you missed a few. This is not an easy exercise but it is useful because it enables you to see the vocabulary in context where it naturally occurs. Just doing the test will help you to improve your vocabulary and your ability to understand the relationships between words and phrases and context.

More Vocabulary Tests

Have you done the other vocabulary tests?

Add words

Employ words

Conclude words

Extracts from Literature for Vocabulary Study

You can also study vocabulary by reading literature:

Norman Mailer

Jack Kerouac

Learn Vocabulary and Listening from Songs

Song – Man in Black – Johnny Cash

Song – “Heartbeat” by Buddy Holly and “Beat it” by Michael Jackson

Leave A Comment...

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.