Academic Vocabulary in Context – Answers – Entitle

1. Royal Titles

1. After he was made a Member of the House of Lords, he was given the title, of Baron and he began to socialise with other barons, and counts and dukes and all the peers of the realm rubbed shoulders with him in the exclusive clubs of London.

The passive verb phrase describes the awarding of a royal title. In old traditional political states like England and Thailand, there are “nobles” or “titled people” who form an upper class in society. The class system is actually institutionalised. What do you think about the idea of social class as something that you are born into?

2. A Conversation about Gender Reassignment

Which title do you use?
Before my gender reassignment I used “Mr” but now I use “miss”. I am not married yet.
If you get married, will you be “Mrs Pollenwater?
No. I would like to keep my maiden name.

When you fill in online forms you usually put a title before your name, but it is not a royal title. It shows gender (M/F) and marital status. Titles are: Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms and also Dr (doctor).

3. A Discussion about Foreign Aid

3. Kim Yong-nam, North Korea’s titular head of state, had a meeting with the visiting UN Undersecretary General Kenzo Oshima on Thursday to speak about aid for the country.

The “titular head” refers to a person who is “head in name” or as a title, but he might not have any real power. The term “titular” stresses the fact that it is “just a title” and perhaps has no weight in reality. “Titular” is an adjective but “titular head of state” is a noun phrase.

4. Property law

4. In property law,a title is a bundle of rights in a piece of property in which a party may own either a legal interest or equitable interest.

In our study of property law we see that a land title is the document which confers right of ownership so we use this phrase as a legal definition of a land title. The answer is a subject object verb definition/statement which we insert into the longer definition.

5. Right of Admission

5. This ticket entitles the bearer to free admission on any Sunday.

We can see this statement of rights or entitlement on a ticket.

6. The Rules of the Land Titles Office

6. When a client has been signed up as an account client with the Land Titles Office, a customer code and a user ID will be allocated. The customer code is used only for account billing purposes. Clients are informed by the system when a charge will be incurred and are billed once a month by the Land Titles Office.

The Land Titles Office is the name of a government office and needs capitals because it is a proper noun.

7. Environmental Law

7. Bulk entitlements and environment entitlements are legal rights to water granted by the Minister for Water under the Water Act 1989. They provide the right to take or store a volume of water subject to a range of conditions.

This lengthy noun phrase refers to water that water regulation agencies are entitled to.

8. Termination of Employment

8. People whose employment is terminated because of redundancy are usually entitled to receive a termination payment that may include outstanding wages, payment for unused annual and long service leave and severance pay.

The answer here is a verb phrase in passive voice.

9. Employment Agreements

9. Until the new arrangements come into effect, you’ll need to refer to the award that applies at your workplace or the employment agreement under which you are employed to work out exactly what you’re entitled to receive. Ask your manager or human resources department for more details. They will be able to provide you with a copy of your workplace agreement if you cannot locate your own copy.

This relative clause with “what” tells you what you can receive or what you are entitled to.

10. A Government Employment Website

10. Information on leave entitlements including annual leave, sick leave, maternity leave and long service leave can be found on Victoria Online.

This government website gives information. The answer is a noun phrase.

11. Employment Conditions and Entitlements

11. When you get a job, you are entitled to a range of entitlements (or employment conditions), depending on whether you work on a full-time, part-time or casual basis. Full-time and part-time workers are entitled to: four weeks paid annual holidays (annual leave) each year.

The noun phrase “a range of entitlements” means a group of entitlements.

Note the redundancy: “you are entitled to a range of entitlements”.

“You are entitled to a range of benefits” or “You are eligible for a range of entitlements”, would be better, because it does not repeat two words in the same word family (entitle, entitlements) next to each other. This is a weak collocation. It sounds clumsy.

12. Press Release

12. Billionaire mining magnate Gina Rinehart has attacked Australia’s “entitlement mentality” and called on the nation’s leaders to emulate former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher.

An “attack on a mentality” is an attack on a noun phrase. The preposition demands a noun or noun phrase to follow it.

13. Definition from Psychology

13. In clinical psychology and psychiatry, an unrealistic, exaggerated, or rigidly held sense of entitlement may be considered a symptom of narcissistic personality disorder.

A “sense of entitlement” is a noun phrase and a strong collocation, which we use to describe the feeling of privilege which young first world citizens may feel if life has always been easy.

14. History of Development of a Concept

14. Originally, the term “entitlement” in the United States was used to identify federal programs that, like Social Security and Medicare, got the name because workers became “entitled” to their benefits by paying into the system. In recent years the meaning has been used to refer also to benefits, like those of the food stamps program, which people become eligible to receive without paying into a system.

This explanation of how a system came about, explains the reason why something happened. It is a “Subject Verb Object” pattern.

The Law

You can research this topic more at the Law Page in World English Course.

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