Gerund – The gerund is the “ing” form of the verb

In English the gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb plus ing)

Present Continuous Tense (“be” verb plus present participle)

I am going to school now.

Where are you going?

I am not going anywhere.

I am staying home.

Are you watching television?

No, I am not watching television.

I am cooking.

What are you making?

I am frying some garlic.


Future “going to” Tense (present participle plus verb)

Are you going to make pasta?

No, I am not going to make pasta.

What are you going to make?

I am going to cook a curry.

Are you going to eat lunch at home?

No, I am not going to eat at home.

I am going to go out.

Where are you going to go?

I am going to drive out into the countryside.

Where are you going to eat?

I am going to eat under a tree beside the river.

Are you going to have a picnic?

Yes, I am. I am going to go on a picnic.


“ing” form as Noun

I like swimming.

I like swimming too but I like walking better.

Walking is more interesting than swimming.

Swimming is boring.

Swimming is not boring.

Swimming is not interesting.

Walking is fascinating.

Walking is having a relationship with the world around you.

Walking is being alive.

Walking is invigorating.

Sleeping is important too.

Sleeping is being lazy.

Sleeping too much is being lazy.


ing form as Adjective

Walking is more interesting than swimming.

Swimming is boring.

Swimming is not boring.

Swimming is not interesting.

Walking is fascinating.

Walking is invigorating.

Walking is OK if you have a walking stick.

What was that rattling sound?

A man threw a can from a passing car.

Do you have a walking stick?

Did you have fun?

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25 Responses to “Gerund – The gerund is the “ing” form of the verb”

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  1. kareem says:

    I thought gerund is a verbal noun, here Present Continuous Tense called as gerund.
    bit confusion about it.

  2. Mark White says:

    A bit confused?
    Are you a bit confused?
    Don’t be confused.

    Some people say “verbal noun”.
    Some people say “gerund”.
    Some people say “ing” form.

    You can use all of those expressions.

    Present Continuous Tense is “be verb” PLUS “ing” form.

    There are two elements in Present Continuous Tense”

    “Be” Verb AND “ing” form.

    I am writing.
    I am reading.
    I am using a laptop.
    I am submitting a comment.
    He is reading.
    They are reading too.
    What are they reading?

    Note that in each case you can see “be” verb PLUS gerund.

  3. kareem says:

    Mark, I believe this is the best site for English learners, I admire , I love, and I visit often here as I am an English learner.but I learned gerund is a noun formed by using the present-participle form of a verb.

  4. Shirley says:

    Your explanation is vey clear. Thank you very much. I enjoy reading it.

  5. hussin says:

    Mark,I believe that your way of learning gerund is the best way. I really admired it.

  6. ILAHIBAKSH says:

    gerund is making sense

  7. harmel koto says:

    i like study gerund
    when i speak using word gerund it so nice end simple
    speaking will easi to hear
    i am harmel from indonesia

  8. sylvia says:

    brilliant explanation it was easy for me understand gerunds as a nouns,as a adjectives

    I,d like to know if you have a section for listening and read at the same time
    i will apreciate your help

    thanks a lot
    Sylvia

  9. Adi says:

    Thank Mark. Need your support & help.

  10. nona says:

    hi, my name is nonita iam from saudi, i speak alittle english so i hope some one help me to learn and speak english very will ,now i am staying at home and i am using a labtop to listin to english , actully i wanna some 1 help me and speak with me plzzzzzzzzzzzzz… thank u very much for this web site

  11. houyem says:

    hello everybody i want to know what does it mean gerunds?? plzzzzzzzzzz

    • Sk. Abdullah says:

      Hi ! Nonita, assalamo alaikum ! Myself Sk. Abdullah 4m India. Gerund is a verb adding ‘ing’. you may use it as noun, verb, adjective or as a present participle.

  12. houyem says:

    nonita from saudi you can talk with mee and i can help you . add mee on facebook my name on facebook is houyem kordoghli

  13. Sk. Abdullah says:

    Gerund is a verb adding ‘ing’, it may use as noun,verb, adjective and present participle. myself Sk. Abdullah 4m INDIA.

  14. ziba says:

    I am a little confuse about being,In this sentense{walking is being alive} why we use is and being behind each other,while both are the same meaning?

  15. Silvia says:

    Some of what you present on this page is not gerunds, most notably the first two sets of examples. Those are verbs used in the continuous or progressive tense. Gerunds are not verbs in English. THEY ARE NOUNS and it should not be suggested that they are verbs.
    This kind of explanation is great for confusing people.

    • Mark White says:

      You are right.

      The “ing” form is a better way to express the idea.

      The gerund is a noun.

      The present participle (ing form) can be used as a noun(gerund) or an adjective or part of a verb for example in present continuous tense or past continuous tense.

  16. moshe says:

    Hi Nonita, my name is moshe, please call me by mail and I will help you.

    • Sukanta Mukherjee says:

      I am asking a question regarding if I write, “The amount paid for purchasing of diesel and other things as per bill enclosed”, here for purchasing of can be used? and if it is used, how I shall describe in diagrammatical way?

  17. Sukanta Mukherjee says:

    I am asking a question regarding if I write, The amount paid for purchasing of diesel and other things as per bill enclosed, here for purchasing of can be used? and if it is used, how I shall describe in diagrammatical way?

  18. mike says:

    Not sure about this. My understanding is that the present participle ing form and the gerund (ing form of a noun) are two completely different parts of English.

    I am shopping. Present particple What I like about shopping is …….

  19. MARIAM says:

    MY NAME I MARIAM MAXWELL.
    I WOULD LOVE LEARNING MORE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, HERE IS MY EMAIL ADDRESS AT marriammaxwell@yahoo.in

  20. rajesh says:

    My name is rajesh. I am new to this site.this is good for learning english. I am poor in speaking english .please help me anyone……………….

  21. Mark White says:

    In English the gerund and the present participle have the same verb. They are both formed by adding “ing” to a verb.

    Effectively the gerund IS the present participle because they have the same form.

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