Gerund – The gerund is the “ing” form of the verb

In English the gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb plus ing)

Present Continuous Tense (“be” verb plus present participle)

I am going to school now.

Where are you going?

I am not going anywhere.

I am staying home.

Are you watching television?

No, I am not watching television.

I am cooking.

What are you making?

I am frying some garlic.


Future “going to” Tense (present participle plus verb)

Are you going to make pasta?

No, I am not going to make pasta.

What are you going to make?

I am going to cook a curry.

Are you going to eat lunch at home?

No, I am not going to eat at home.

I am going to go out.

Where are you going to go?

I am going to drive out into the countryside.

Where are you going to eat?

I am going to eat under a tree beside the river.

Are you going to have a picnic?

Yes, I am. I am going to go on a picnic.


“ing” form as Noun

I like swimming.

I like swimming too but I like walking better.

Walking is more interesting than swimming.

Swimming is boring.

Swimming is not boring.

Swimming is not interesting.

Walking is fascinating.

Walking is having a relationship with the world around you.

Walking is being alive.

Walking is invigorating.

Sleeping is important too.

Sleeping is being lazy.

Sleeping too much is being lazy.


ing form as Adjective

Walking is more interesting than swimming.

Swimming is boring.

Swimming is not boring.

Swimming is not interesting.

Walking is fascinating.

Walking is invigorating.

Walking is OK if you have a walking stick.

What was that rattling sound?

A man threw a can from a passing car.

Do you have a walking stick?

Did you have fun?
[audio:have fun.mp3]


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