Birth and Death are the Beginning and the End

Birth is the beginning of life as a separate being on earth and death is the end of life as a separate being on earth.

the body of the mother, our sense organs, our body and our soul

When we are born, we leave the body of the mother and develop our own sense organs, and when we die our body shuts down and our soul goes to the next world.

Link to Lives of a Man – the story of a Journey

birth – to be born
death – to die

Questions

Do you believe in the next world?

The Vocabulary of Birth and Death


Let’s look at the vocabulary of birth and death:

He was born at midnight.
She gave birth to a son.
He had a difficult birth.
Home-birthing was the norm before hospitals developed.
Waterborne disease is a major cause of death in South-east Asia.

Carrying and Bearing

The original meaning meaning of “birth” and “born” comes from the verb “to bear” which means “to carry”. A woman carries a child in her womb and then gives birth. Sometimes she gives birth at a hospital but sometimes she plans a home-birth.

Water carries Disease

We can see the meaning of the verb “to bear” as “to carry” when we talk about “waterborne disease. Waterborne diseases are diseases which are carried by water.

A Zero Conditional Statement

If you drink dirty water, you can contract a disease from bacteria which is carried by the water.

Register and Vocabulary

If you see a man in the street who is carrying something, you can say:

He was carrying a heavy load.

If you write about this in literary style, you can substitute and say:

He was bearing a heavy burden.

Passive Voice

We use passive voice to talk about our own birth when we say:

I was born in March.

or

I was born in Russia.

A Common Error

Many people make the mistake of saying: “I born in 1989”. It should be:

I was born in 1989.

Birth Rates and Mortality Rates

In many developed countries the birth rate is lower than the mortality rate. That means the number of people who are born each year is lower than the number of people who die each year.

Collocations – Death and Mortality

If you say the death rate, everybody understands but it is more common to say:

the mortality rate

“Death” is a crude, hard bleak word of Germanic origin. “Mortality”, which means “death” is a sophisticated, educated, academic, Latin word which means the same thing.

Register in Language

When different groups of people use different ways to say the same thing, we call this “linguistic register”. If you say:

The death rate is quite high.

Your statement sounds frank and honest but on television a more educated form is used. The announcer on television is more likely to say:

The mortality rate is high.

Go back and reread the text above about “bearing and carrying”. You can see the difference between these two statements:

He was carrying a heavy load.
He was bearing heavy burden.

This is another example of register in language. Register in language identifies different social groups and levels of formality and levels of education. It is an aspect of socio-linguistics.

Keep Studying with More Links


Don’t stop studying now. You can learn more. Here are some links to other lessons so you can continue developing your vocabulary and grammar:

Academic Vocabulary test – contract

Link to Lives of a Man – the story of a Journey

Grammar – Passive Voice

Vocabulary – Metaphors – Figurative Language

Understanding Grammar

Life is Beautiful

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