a delusion – an illusion
Relative Clause with Present Participle and Passive Infinitve
to fill in – to be filled in
Past Participle as Adjective
This is a very wide-spread belief in our society.
a wide-spread belief
a widely held belief
It is the kind of belief system of people who say I don’t believe in god. I believe in science.
Do you believe in god?
What is your belief system?
Write your opinion in the comments section below.
Relative Clause and Present Perfect Tense
It is a belief system which has now been spread to the entire world.
A Conflict between A and B with Noun Phrases and a Metaphor
But there is a conflict in the heart of science between science as a method of inquiry based on reason, evidence, hypothesis and collective investigation, and science as a belief system or a world view.
Present Perfect Tense with a Relative Clause and a Metaphor
to inhibit – to constrict – to limit – to control
Present Perfect Tense in Passive Voice with a Relative Clause and an Adverb
Since the late nineteenth century science has been conducted under the aspect of a belief system or worldview which is essentially that of materialism – philosophical materialism.
the early nineteenth century
the middle nineteenth century
the late nineteenth century
A Metaphor and a Past Participle as Adjective
And the sciences are now wholly owned subsidiaries of the materialist worldview.
a totally owned subsidiary
a wholly owned subsidiary
a partially owned subsidiary
I think that as was we break out of it, the sciences will be regenerated.
will regenerate – will revitalise
will be regenerated – will be revitalised
Relative Clauses and a Present Participle
What I do in my book “The Science Delusion” which is called “Science Set Free” in the United States is take the ten dogmas or assumptions of science and turn them into questions- seeing how well they stand up if you look at them scientifically.
None of them stand up very well.
stand up -hold up – make sense
none of them
one of them
a few of them
some of them
almost all of them
all of them
What I am going to do is first run through what these ten dogmas are.
And then I will only have time to discuss one or two of them in a bit more detail.
run through – go though – list – elucidate
But essentially the ten dogmas which are now the default worldview of most educated people all over the world are first that nature is mechanical or machine-like. The universe is like a machine. Animals and plants are like machines. We are like machines. In fact we are machines. We are lumbering robots in Richard Dawkins’ vivid phrase – with brains that are genetically programmed computers.
Second, matter is unconscious. The whole universe is made up of unconscious matter.
The Vocabulary of Existence from Macro to Micro
There is no consciousness in stars, in galaxies, in planets, in animals, in plants. And there ought not to be any in us either, if this theory is true.
Consciousness – Word Family and Present Perfect Continuous Tense
consciousness – noun
conscious – adjective
unconscious – adjective
So matter is unconscious. The laws of nature are fixed. This is dogma three. The laws of nature are the same now as they were at the time of the big bang and they will be the same forever. Not just the laws but the constants of nature are fixed, which is why they are called “constants”.
Relative Clause – when
Dogma four – the total amount of matter and energy is always the same. It never changes in total quantity except at the moment of the big bang when it all sprang into existence from nowhere in a single instant.
matter and energy
purpose – purposeless – purposelessness
point – pointless – pointlessness
meaning – meaningless – meaninglessness
The fifth dogma is that nature is purposeless. There are no purposes in all nature and the evolutionary process has no purpose or direction.
evolution – the evolutionary process
Complex Biological Vocabulary
Dogma six. Biological heredity is material. Everything you inherit is in your genes or in epi-genetic modifications of the genes, or in psyto-plasmic inheritance. It is material.
material – physical – tangible
Passive Voice Memory
Dogma seven: memories are stored inside your brain as material traces. Somehow everything you remember is in your brain in modified nerve endings, phosphorelatyed proteins.
memory – memories
No-one knows how it works but nevertheless almost everyone in the scientific world believes it must be in the brain.
The Mind and the Brain
Dogma eight: your mind is inside your head. All your consciousness is the activity of your brain and nothing more.
Dogma nine, which follows from dogma eight: psychic phenomena like telepathy are impossible. Your thoughts and intentions cannot have any effect at a distance because your mind is inside your head. Therefore all the apparent evidence for telepathy and other psychic phenomena is illusory.
I am telepathic. – Are you telepathic?
People believe these things happen but it just because they do not know enough about statistics, or they are deceived by co-incidences, or it is wishful thinking.
coincidence – coincidental
statistics – statistical
Relative Clause – the Vocabulary of Medicine and of Mechanics
And Dogma ten: mechanistic medicine is the only kind that really works. That is why governments only fund research into mechanistic medicine and ignore complementary and alternative therapies. Those can’t possibly really work because are not mechanistic.
Link to a conversation about medical research
machine – mechanic – mechanical – mechanistic
They may appear to work because people would have got better anyway or because of the placebo effect. But the only kind that really works is mechanistic medicine.